Slovak parliamentary election, 2016

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Slovak parliamentary election, 2016

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All 150 seats in the National Council
76 seats needed for a majority

  First party Second party Third party
  Fico Juncker (cropped).jpg Richard Sulík -2011-.jpg Igor Matovič.jpg
Leader Robert Fico Richard Sulík Igor Matovič
Party Smer–SD SaS OĽaNO–NOVA
Leader since 1999 2009 2011
Last election 83 seats, 44.4% 11 seats, 5.9% 16 seats, 8.5%
Seats won 49 21 19
Seat change Decrease 34 Increase 10 Increase 3
Percentage 28.3% 12.1% 11.0%
Swing Decrease 16.1 pp Increase 6.2 pp Increase 2.5 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Andrej Danko.jpg Marian Kotleba.jpg
Leader Andrej Danko Marian Kotleba Boris Kollár
Party SNS ĽSNS We Are Family
Leader since 2012 2010 2015
Last election 0 seats, 4.5% 0 seats, 1.6% New party
Seats won 15 14 11
Seat change Increase 15 Increase 14 New party
Percentage 8.6% 8.0% 6.6%
Swing Increase 4.1 pp Increase 6.4 pp New party

  Seventh party Eighth party
  Béla Bugár.jpg Radoslav prochazka zupny pohar na bicykli detom 2013 crop.jpg
Leader Béla Bugár Radoslav Procházka
Party Most-Híd #Network
Leader since 2009 2014
Last election 13 seats, 6.9% New party
Seats won 11 10
Seat change Decrease 2 New party
Percentage 6.5% 5.6%
Swing Decrease 0.4 pp New party

Slovak National Council 2016.svg
Seats in the National Council after 2016 parliamentary election.

Prime Minister before election

Robert Fico
Smer–SD

Prime Minister

Robert Fico
Smer–SD

Coat of arms of Slovakia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Slovakia

Parliamentary elections were held in Slovakia on 5 March 2016 to elect the 150 members of the National Council. The ruling left-wing populist Direction – Social Democracy (SMER–SD) party remained the strongest party, but lost its majority. The Slovak Democratic and Christian Union – Democratic Party (SDKÚ-DS) which led the government between 2000–06 and 2010–12 was defeated heavily, failing to cross the electoral threshold and losing its representation in the National Council. The centre-right Christian Democratic Movement (KDH) also failed to cross the threshold for the first time since 1990, whilst the far-right nationalist Kotleba – People's Party Our Slovakia (ĽSNS) entered parliament for the first time.

Electoral system[edit]

The 150 members of the National Council were elected by proportional representation in a single nationwide constituency with an electoral threshold of 5% for single parties, 7% for coalitions grouping at least two parties. The elections used the open list system, with seats allocated using the Hagenbach-Bischoff system. Voters were able to cast up to four preferential votes for candidates on the list of the party they voted for.[1]

All participating parties had to register 90 days before election day and pay a deposit of €17,000, which was refunded to all parties gaining 2% or more of the vote. All Slovak citizens were allowed to vote except for convicted felons in prison (only those who were convicted for serious offences), people declared ineligible to perform legal acts (legally insane) by court and citizens under 18 years of age. All citizens, who are 21 years of age or older and are permanent residents of Slovakia, were allowed to run as candidates except for prisoners, convicted felons and those declared ineligible to perform legal acts (legally insane) by court.[2]

Voters not present in their electoral district at the time of the elections were allowed to request a voting certificate (voličský preukaz), which allowed them to vote in any district regardless of their residency.[3] Voters not in Slovakia on election day were allowed to request a postal vote.[4] According to the Central Election Committee, approx. 20,000 Slovak citizens abroad have requested a postal vote - the deadline for requests passed on 15 January 2016.

Campaign[edit]

The election date was announced on 12 November 2015.[5] On 7 December 2015, the Ministry of Interior published a list of 23 parties that registered to take part in the elections.[6]

The backdrop of the campaign was centered on the European migrant crisis, with the governing SMER–SD taking an anti-migrant stance into the election.[7] Teacher and nursing strikes occurring at the start of the year also had a negative effect on public opinion.[8]

Opinion polls[edit]

Date Polling firm Sample size Smer–SD SIEŤ KDH Most–Híd OĽaNO SNS SMK-MKP SaS NOVA SDKÚ-DS Others Lead
10 Feb-14 Feb MVK[9] 1,136 32.5% 14.5% 9.0% 7.0% 5.0% 10.5% 5.0% 4.0% w.OĽaNO 1.0% 11.7% 18.0%
6 Feb-14 Feb Polis[10] 1,670 38.4% 10.4% 6.6% 9.2% 6.8% 9.1% 4.0% 5.2% w.OĽaNO 1.3% 9.0% 28.0%
6 Feb-14 Feb Focus[11] 1,005 34.6% 14.0% 7.0% 8.2% 6.1% 8.7% 3.5% 5.5% w.OĽaNO 1.0% 8.9% 20.6%
31 Jan-7 Feb Focus[12] 1,000 34.1% 13.7% 7.5% 8.0% 6.4% 8.1% 3.6% 5.1% w.OĽaNO 1.7% 11.8% 20.4%
22-31 Jan Focus[13] 1,009 36.3% 13.0% 7.1% 7.7% 6.4% 7.3% 3.8% 5.5% w.OĽaNO 1.7% 11.2% 23.3%
22-28 Jan MVK[14] 1,148 32.1% 14.6% 8.2% 6.0% 5.9% 10.1% 5.1% 3.4% w.OĽaNO 1.6% 13.0% 17.5%
11-14 Jan AKO[15] 1,000 40.7% 8.1% 5.6% 7.9% 5.7% 7.4% N/A 6.2% w.OĽaNO N/A 18.4% 33.9%
2016
10 Mar 2012 2012 elections [16] 2,553,726 44.4% Did not exist 8.8% 6.9% 8.6% 4.6% 4.3% 5.9% Did not exist 6.1% 10.0% 35.6%

Results[edit]

Eight parties passed the 5% threshold to win seats; Direction – Social Democracy (SMER–SD) lost 34 seats, losing its majority in the National Council, but remained the largest party with 49 seats. Freedom and Solidarity (SaS) became the second party with 21 seats and Ordinary People (OĽANO–NOVA) third with 19 seats.[8] Both performed better than their predicted pre-election polls, by distancing themselves from the previous government.[16][17]

The Christian Democratic Movement (KDH) performed poorly, losing all 16 of their seats. They just failed to cross the 5 percent threshold required for parliamentary representation, for the first time since the establishment of an independent Slovakia in 1993. The far-right nationalist Slovak National Party (SNS) and Kotleba – People's Party Our Slovakia (ĽSNS) parties entered parliament with 8.6 percent (15 seats) and 8.0 percent (14 seats) of the vote respectively.[8] According to an exit poll, dissatisfaction with corruption and social issues led many to vote for ĽSNS.[17]

Other parties who gained representation in parliament include Most–Híd, We Are Family, and Network (the latter two being new parties with their first ever representation in parliament).[18] Overall voter turnout was 59.8 percent.[19]

Twelve of the 150 MPs were elected due to preferential voting despite being initially placed further down their party list than the number of seats won by their party; 7 out of 19 for OĽANO–NOVA, one out of 14 for Kotleba, two out of 11 for SNS, one out of 11 for Most–Híd and one out of 10 for Network.[20]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Direction – Social Democracy 737,481 28.28 49 –34
Freedom and Solidarity 315,558 12.10 21 +10
OĽANO–NOVA 287,611 11.03 19 +3
Slovak National Party 225,386 8.64 15 +15
Kotleba – People's Party Our Slovakia 209,779 8.04 14 +14
We Are Family 172,860 6.63 11 New
Most–Híd 169,593 6.50 11 –2
Network 146,205 5.61 10 New
Christian Democratic Movement 128,908 4.94 0 –16
Party of the Hungarian Community 105,495 4.05 0 0
Slovak Civic Coalition 21,785 0.84 0 New
TIP Party 18,845 0.72 0 New
Slovak Green Party 17,541 0.67 0 0
Communist Party of Slovakia 16,278 0.62 0 0
Slovak Democratic and Christian Union – Democratic Party 6,938 0.27 0 –11
CHANCE 6,522 0.25 0 New
Party of Modern Slovakia 4,559 0.17 0 New
Direct Democracy Party 3,595 0.14 0 New
Courage – Great National and Pro-Russian Coalition 3,428 0.13 0 New
Resistance – Labor Party 3,182 0.12 0 New
Hungarian Christian Democratic Alliance 2,426 0.09 0 New
Democratic Party - Ľudo Kaník 1,998 0.08 0 New
Coalition – Together for Slovakia 1,777 0.07 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 20,798
Total 2,648,184 100 150 0
Registered voters/turnout% 4,426,760 59.82
Source: Volby
Popular vote
SMER-SD
28.28%
SaS
12.10%
OL'aNO–NOVA
11.03%
SNS
8.64%
L'SNS
8.04%
SME RODINA
6.63%
Most-Híd
6.50%
SIEŤ
5.61%
KDH
4.94%
SMK
4.05%
Other
8.09%
Parliamentary seats
SMER-SD
32.67%
SaS
14.00%
OL'aNO–NOVA
12.67%
SNS
10.00%
L'SNS
9.33%
SME RODINA
7.33%
Most-Híd
7.33%
SIEŤ
6.67%

Government formation[edit]

On 7 March, President of Slovakia Andrej Kiska invited each elected party, with the exception of ĽSNS, for post-election talks. Fico was given the first opportunity by the President to form a stable coalition.[21] All parties, except We Are Family, had refused to discuss the possibility of going into government with ĽSNS.[22] An anti-fascist protest was held the same day in Bratislava against ĽSNS representation in parliament.[23]

On 17 March, incumbent Fico informed president Andrej Kiska that he would form a four-party government coalition, including Smer–SD, the Slovak National Party, Most–Híd and Network,[24] which together held 85 of the 150 seats.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Slovakia Národná rada (National Council) Electoral System". Inter-Parliamentary Union. Retrieved 8 March 2016. 
  2. ^ "Prieskum: Voľby by vyhral Smer, OĽaNO-NOVA mimo parlamentu". Pravda (in Slovak). 9 October 2015. Retrieved 13 October 2015. 
  3. ^ "Hlasovací preukaz, Ministerstvo vnútra SR - Verejná správa" (in Slovak). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 14 December 2015. 
  4. ^ "Voľba poštou, Ministerstvo vnútra SR - Verejná správa" (in Slovak). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 14 December 2015. 
  5. ^ Stupňan, Igor (12 November 2015). "Prieskum: Voľby do Národnej rady sa budú konať 5. marca 2016". Pravda (in Slovak). Retrieved 12 November 2015. 
  6. ^ "Zoznam politických subjektov, ktoré podali kandidátnu listinu" (in Slovak). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 8 March 2016. 
  7. ^ Germanova, Miroslava (6 March 2016). "Slovakia's Governing Party Loses Majority as Far Right Makes Gains". New York Times. Retrieved 8 March 2016. 
  8. ^ a b c Cunningham, Benjamin (7 March 2016). "5 takeaways from Slovakia's election". Politico. Retrieved 8 March 2016. 
  9. ^ "PRIESKUM: V parlamente by bolo sedem strán, SaS by sa tam nedostala". Teraz.sk (in Slovak). 18 February 2016. Retrieved 8 March 2016. 
  10. ^ "Predvolebný prieskum posiela do parlamentu sedem strán: Veľký presun síl na pravici". Topky.sk (in Slovak). 15 February 2016. Retrieved 8 March 2016. 
  11. ^ Krbatová, Lucia (18 February 2016). "Posledný prieskum Focusu: Smer nestúpa, potreboval by partnera". domov.sme.sk (in Slovak). Retrieved 8 March 2016. 
  12. ^ Mikušovič, Dušan (10 February 2016). "Prieskum Focusu: Smer mierne klesá, stúpa SNS, SaS je v parlamente". Dennikn.sk (in Slovak). Retrieved 8 March 2016. 
  13. ^ "SLOVAKIA, January 2016. Focus poll". Electograph. 7 February 2016. Retrieved 8 March 2016. 
  14. ^ "Prieskum MVK: V parlamente by bolo sedem strán, SNS na treťom mieste". domov.sme.sk (in Slovak). 4 February 2016. Retrieved 8 March 2016. 
  15. ^ "PRIESKUM: Do parlamentu by sa dostalo sedem strán, KDH by prešlo tesne". Teraz.sk (in Slovak). 15 January 2016. Retrieved 16 January 2016. 
  16. ^ a b Haughton, Tim; Malova, Darina; Deegan-Krause, Kevin (9 March 2016). "Slovakia's newly elected parliament is dramatically different and pretty much the same. Here's how". The Washington Post. Retrieved 9 March 2016. 
  17. ^ a b Kral, Daniel (9 March 2016). "Slovakia's election: A party system entering uncharted waters". London School of Economics. Retrieved 9 March 2016. 
  18. ^ "Final Results". Slovakia Statistical Office. Archived from the original on 10 March 2016. Retrieved 9 March 2016. 
  19. ^ "The Election to the National Council of SR 2016: Final results". Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. Retrieved 10 March 2016. 
  20. ^ "Order of candidates after taking into account preferential voting". Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. Retrieved 12 March 2016. 
  21. ^ "President Kiska will authorise Fico to form government". The Slovak Spectator. 7 March 2016. Retrieved 9 March 2016. 
  22. ^ "Opinions on not inviting Kotleba differ". The Slovak Spectator. 9 March 2016. Retrieved 9 March 2016. 
  23. ^ "People rallied in protest against Kotleba". The Slovak Spectator. 8 March 2016. Retrieved 9 March 2016. 
  24. ^ "New Slovak Government and Posts". Nový Čas. 17 March 2016. Retrieved 17 March 2016. 

External links[edit]