Slovakia in the Eurovision Song Contest
|Member station||Rozhlas a televízia Slovenska (RTVS)
|National selection events|
|Appearances||7 (3 finals)|
|Highest placement||18th: 1996|
|Slovakia's page at Eurovision.tv|
| For the most recent participation see|
Slovakia in the Eurovision Song Contest 2012
Slovakia has participated in the Eurovision Song Contest seven times, debuting in 1994. It had attempted to debut in 1993, but did not pass through the qualifying round. In the first three finals that Slovakia participated in, it placed no better than 18th, which it achieved in 1996. Due to poor results, Slovakia was relegated in 1995 and 1997, and eventually withdrew in 1999. The country returned in 2009, although it withdrew again within four years, having failed to qualify for the final every year since its return.
During the time of Czechoslovakia, Československá televize (ČST) is known to have broadcast a number of editions of the contest in Czechoslovakia during the 1960s, 1970s, 1980s and early 1990s. Karel Gott, one of the most popular Czechoslovakian artist, represented Austria in the 1968 contest, held in London, United Kingdom. Furthermore, the Prague Theatre of Illuminated Drawings from the Czech capital performed as interval act in the 1984 contest, held in Luxembourg City, Luxembourg. Czechoslovakia was even a member of EBU for a short time before its dissolution in 1993.
Debut and first span of participation (1993–1998)
Slovakia had planned on entering the contest at the 1993 contest, but with the introduction of many new countries, a preliminary round was held to trim down the number of new entries. Kvalifikacija za Millstreet took place on 3 April 1993 and was hosted by Radiotelevizija Slovenija in Ljubljana, Slovenia. The competition featured seven countries competing for only three places in the final. Slovakia was represented by internally selected band Elán with "Amnestia na neveru" and came fourth in the contest, just one point away from qualification behind Croatia, and therefore had to wait another year before entering again. Despite the non-qualification for the event, STV did send a commentary team to Millstreet, Ireland and broadcast coverage of the contest on the broadcaster's main channel.
Slovakia made its first official appearance at the Eurovision Song Contest 1994 in Dublin, where the country was represented for the first time by Tublatanka with "Nekonečná pieseň". Slovakia's first attempt proved reasonably unsuccessful, with the band receiving points from just two countries; three points from Greece and a surprising twelve points from Malta placing the country nineteenth on the leaderboard. This was unfortunately not enough to guarantee a spot for Slovakia in the Eurovision Song Contest 1995, with the then EBU rules specifying that the bottom seven countries would be relegated the following year. STV then decided to not even broadcast the 1995 contest.
In 1996, Slovakia returned to the Eurovision Song Contest, with STV deciding to internally select their representative for the third time in a row. Ultimately, Marcel Palonder was internally selected to represent Slovakia in Eurovision Song Contest 1996 with the song "Kým nás máš". Due to the rising number of countries wishing to participate, in 1996 the EBU introduced an audio-only qualification round. Slovakia managed to qualify in seventeenth place in a field of twenty-nine and progressed to the final. Here, Slovakia achieved their best result to date, placing eighteenth with nineteen points. However, it was not enough to guarantee participation in the 1997 contest and Slovakia was, once again, relegated.
For the 1998 contest, which was held in Birmingham in the United Kingdom, STV selected their artist through the national final Bratislavská Lýra 1998 - a contest which held previously been held during the existence of Czechoslovakia but revived for the purpose of selecting Slovakia's artist for the Eurovision Song Contest. The event took place on 7 June 1997, in which Katarína Hasprová took victory and was hence selected by STV to represent the country at the 1998 contest. The broadcaster internally selected "Modlitba" to be sung by Hasprová. At the contest, Slovakia only managed to receive eight points - all of which came from Croatia. This was the country's last participation for a number of years.
First withdrawal (1999–2008)
Due to a poor average score, Slovakia was automatically excluded from the Eurovision Song Contest 1999 and would therefore not be eligible to participate until 2000. However, after being due to return, STV withdrew due to financial concerns. Throughout the early 2000s, the Eurovision project was mainly ignored by STV. After the first appearance of Slovakia's neighbour: the Czech Republic in 2007, the program director of Slovenská Televízia (STV), Peter Lipták, stated on 11 May 2007 that STV would like to participate in the 2008 contest, but due to a lack of financial funds Slovakia did not make a return.
Second span of participation (2009–2012)
On 24 September 2008, STV announced their return to the Eurovision Song Contest in 2009 after an eleven-year absence. The program director of STV Roman Lipták stated that the pressure from local artists was the driving force behind the country's return. Upon their return, STV organised a large-scale national final to select their entry. Eurosong 2009 consisted of six shows which commenced on 15 February 2009 and concluded with a final on 8 March 2009. The competition resulted in the selection of Slovak duo Kamil Mikulčík and Nela Pocisková with "Leť tmou". At the contest, the entry only received eight points and failed to qualify for the competition. For the 2010 contest, STV held the same national selection method, which resulted in the selection of Kristína with "Horehronie". Despite being a bookies and fan favourite, the song failed to qualify to the final - finishing in sixteenth place with twenty-four points.
Though STV originally stated that Slovakia would not take part in the Eurovision Song Contest in 2011, it eventually did appear in Düsseldorf represented by the new national public broadcaster Radio and Television of Slovakia (RTVS), which had been created on 1 January 2011. On 18 February 2011, RTVS revealed their choice for Slovakia's 2011 entry. The song was "I'm Still Alive" and was performed by twin sisters Daniela and Veronika Nízlová, known as the pop duo TWiiNS. The sisters had prior experience at Eurovision as backing singers and dancers for Tereza Kerndlová, the Czech entry in the Eurovision Song Contest 2008. The 2011 entry was the first Slovak entry performed in English. TWiiNS eventually finished 13th in their semi-final, thereby not qualifying for the final. RTVS sent an entry to the contest in 2012, with a song that was selected internally. At a press conference on 7 March 2012, the Slovak entry for the 2012 Eurovision Song Contest was announced as Max Jason Mai with the song "Don't Close Your Eyes". It was performed in the second semi-final, held on 24 May 2012 and did not qualify in the final, placing last with 22 points.
Second withdrawal (2013–present)
On 4 December 2012, RTVS announced its withdrawal from the 2013 contest, beginning an absence that has continued in every edition since. However, RTVS returned to Eurovision Young Dancers in 2015, with RTVS explaining that their return to Eurovision Young Dancers was in support of domestic production and promoted national culture at a European level. RTVS' PR manager, Juraj Kadáš, explained in April 2016 that Slovakia's absence from the contest since 2012 was not due to poor results, but rather the costs associated with participation. This was reiterated in May 2023 by Filip Púchovský from the PR department of RTVS, adding that if Slovakia were to return to the contest, their artist would likely have to fund themselves rather than by the broadcaster.
|Entry selected but did not compete|
|1993||Elán||"Amnestia na neveru"||Slovak||Failed to qualify[a] X||4||50|
|1994||Martin Ďurinda and Tublatanka||"Nekonečná pieseň"||Slovak||19||15||No semi-finals|
|1996||Marcel Palonder||"Kým nás máš"||Slovak||18||19||17||38|
|1998||Katarína Hasprová||"Modlitba"||Slovak||21||8||No semi-finals|
|2009||Kamil Mikulčík and Nela Pocisková||"Leť tmou"||Slovak||Failed to qualify||18||8|
|2011||Twiins||"I'm Still Alive"||English||13||48|
|2012||Max Jason Mai||"Don't Close Your Eyes"||English||18 ◁||22|
Songs by language
|6||Slovak||1993, 1994, 1996, 1998, 2009, 2010|
The public broadcaster of each participating country in the Eurovision Song Contest assigns a head of delegation as the EBU's contact person and the leader of their delegation at the event. The delegation, whose size can greatly vary, includes a head of press, the contestants, songwriters, composers and backing vocalists, among others.
Heads of delegation
|Year||Head of delegation||Ref.|
Heads of press
|Year||Head of press||Ref.|
Between 1993 and 1998, Slovakia sent a native conductor to the contest every year the country took part until the orchestra was dropped by the EBU in 1999.
|Kvalifikacija za Millstreet||Vladimir Valovič|
Commentators and spokespersons
For the show's broadcast on STV and RTVS, various commentators have provided commentary on the contest in the Slovak language. At the Eurovision Song Contest after all points are calculated, the presenters of the show call upon each voting country to invite each respective spokesperson to announce the results of their vote on-screen. In 2011, Rádio FM began broadcasting the final of the contest, a broadcast which has continued every year (with the exception of 2022) since Slovakia's withdrawal in 2012.
|1993||Alena Heribanová||STV1[c]||No broadcast||Did not participate|
|1994||Martin Sarvaš||STV2||Juraj Čurný|
|1995||No broadcast||Did not participate|
|1996||Stanislav Ščepán||STV2||Alena Heribanová|
|1997||Juraj Čurný||Did not participate|
|1998||Rastislav Sokol||Alena Heribanová|
|1999–2008||No broadcast||Did not participate|
|2009||Roman Bomboš||Dvojka||Ľubomír Bajaník|
|2011||Jednotka (SF1 & Final)
|Roman Bomboš||Rádio FM||Mária Pietrová|
|2012||Jednotka||Roman Bomboš (Rádio Slovensko)
Daniel Baláž and Pavol Hubinák (Rádio FM)
|2013||No broadcast||Daniel Baláž and Pavol Hubinák||Rádio FM||Did not participate|
|2014||Daniel Baláž, Pavol Hubinák and Juraj Kemka|
|2016||Mária Pietrová||Jednotka (Final)|
|2018||Daniel Baláž, Pavol Hubinák, Juraj Malíček
Ela Tolstová and Celeste Buckingham
|2019||Daniel Baláž and Pavol Hubinák|
|2021||Daniel Baláž, Lucia Haverlík, Pavol Hubinák
and Juraj Malíček
|2023||Daniel Baláž, Lucia Haverlík, Pavol Hubinák
and Juraj Malíček
Kamil Mikulčík in Moscow (2009)
Nela Pocisková in Moscow (2009)
Kristina in Oslo (2010)
Max Jason Mai in Baku (2012)
Notes and references
- ^ Slovakia unsuccessfully attempted to participate in 1993, when there was a pre-qualifying round for seven countries hoping to make their debut in the contest. The official Eurovision site does not count 1993 in Slovakia's list of appearances.
- ^ All conductors are of Slovak nationality unless otherwise noted.
- ^ Deferred broadcast on 16 May at 21:35 CEST (20:35 UTC)
- ^ Rádio FM had initially planned to broadcast the contest, but cancelled the day before the final due to health issues with one of the commentators.
- ^ Bakker, Sietse (3 December 2004). "Czech Republic Withdraws". ESCToday. Retrieved 2 August 2009.
- ^ Bakker, Sietse (25 December 2008). "Do you remember... Amsterdam 1970?". European Broadcasting Union (EBU). Retrieved 2 August 2009.
- ^ Roxburgh, Gordon (2016). Songs for Europe: The United Kingdom at the Eurovision Song Contest. Volume Three: The 1980s. Prestatyn: Telos Publishing. pp. 86–103. ISBN 978-1-84583-118-9.
- ^ Roxburgh, Gordon (2020). Songs For Europe - The United Kingdom at the Eurovision Song Contest. Volume Four: The 1990s. UK: Telos Publishing. pp. 65–76. ISBN 978-1-84583-163-9.
- ^ "The end of a decade: Stockholm 2000". European Broadcasting Union (EBU). 21 December 2009. Retrieved 27 October 2021.
- ^ Kasapoglou, Yiorgos (12 November 2007). "Slovakia: No participation in Belgrade!". ESCToday. Archived from the original on 14 November 2007.
- ^ Hondal, Víctor (24 September 2008). "Slovakia returns to Eurovision in 2009". ESCToday. Retrieved 24 September 2008.
- ^ Supranavicius, Alekas (24 September 2008). "It is official - a comeback". Oikotimes. Archived from the original on 6 December 2008. Retrieved 24 September 2008.
- ^ Rendall, Alasdair (20 November 2008). "National final on March 8th". Oikotimes. Retrieved 20 November 2008.
- ^ Van Eersel, Dennis. "Three acts shortlisted to represent Slovakia". ESCDaily. Retrieved 13 March 2014.
- ^ Bakker, Sietse (31 December 2010). "43 nations on 2011 participants list!". European Broadcasting Union (EBU). Archived from the original on 28 July 2011.
- ^ Jiandani, Sanjay (4 December 2012). "Slovakia will not be in Malmö". ESCToday. Retrieved 4 December 2012.
- ^ Jiandani, Sanjay (9 September 2013). "Slovakia: RTVS will not return to Eurovision in 2014". ESCToday. Retrieved 9 September 2013.
- ^ Jiandani, Sanjay (26 August 2014). "Slovakia: RTVS will not return to Eurovision in 2015". ESCToday. Retrieved 26 August 2014.
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- ^ "Heads of Delegation". European Broadcasting Union (EBU). Archived from the original on 26 May 2019. Retrieved 27 May 2019.
- ^ a b "Slovakia: Identical twins in silver and gold". European Broadcasting Union (EBU). Retrieved 11 March 2023.
- ^ "Heads of Delegation Meeting in Baku". 25 March 2012. Archived from the original on 13 December 2021. Retrieved 27 October 2021.
- ^ "TWiiNS (Slovakia) 2nd press conference". European Broadcasting Union (EBU). Retrieved 11 March 2023.
- ^ "Detailed overview: conductors in 1993". And the conductor is... Retrieved 26 October 2022.
- ^ "And the conductor is..." Retrieved 10 September 2020.
- ^ "Detailed overview: conductors in 1996". And the conductor is... Retrieved 9 October 2022.
- ^ "Detailed overview: conductors in 1998". And the conductor is... Retrieved 10 September 2020.
- ^ Eurovision Song Contest 2019. Tel Aviv, Israel. 18 May 2019.
- ^ a b "TV – Kűlfőldi műsorok – vasárnap május 16". Rádió és TeleVízió újság (in Hungarian). 10 May 1993. p. 57. Archived from the original on 23 July 2022. Retrieved 14 November 2022 – via MTVA Archívum.
- ^ "Slovakia – Dublin 1994". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 13 May 2018. Retrieved 8 November 2022.
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- ^ "Slovakia – Birmingham 1998". European Broadcasting Union. Archived from the original on 28 March 2019. Retrieved 26 June 2022.
- ^ Atlas, a. s. "Eurovízia stála miliardu korún! (3D FOTO)" (in Slovak). Dnes.atlas.sk. Retrieved 5 July 2011.
- ^ "Eurovízia na STV už dnes!" (in Slovak). Atlas. 12 May 2009. Archived from the original on 15 May 2009. Retrieved 2 March 2023.
- ^ "Nela, Kamil - ďakujeme!" (in Slovak). STV. 15 May 2009. Archived from the original on 18 May 2009. Retrieved 2 March 2023.
- ^ "Eurovízia: Pocisková s Mikulčíkom do finále nejdú" (in Slovak). Atlas. 15 May 2009. Archived from the original on 18 May 2009. Retrieved 2 March 2023.
- ^ "STV – Relácie – Jednotka – Eurovision Song Contest 2011". Stv.sk. Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 17 May 2011.
- ^ "Eurovízia s Balážom a Hubinákom - vyberajte najlepší komentár!" (in Slovak). Radio and Television of Slovakia (RTVS). 29 May 2012. Archived from the original on 16 May 2018. Retrieved 15 May 2018.
- ^ Baláž, Hubiná. "Hubinák s Balážom chystajú naživo Eurovíziu" (in Slovak). o mediach. Archived from the original on 24 May 2018. Retrieved 23 May 2018.
- ^ "Baláž a Hubinák: Eurovízia sa blíži!" (in Slovak). Radio and Television of Slovakia (RTVS). 2 May 2014. Archived from the original on 16 May 2018. Retrieved 15 May 2018.
- ^ "Eurovízia 2014 s Balážom a Hubinákom" (in Slovak). Radio and Television of Slovakia (RTVS). 2 May 2014. Archived from the original on 16 May 2018. Retrieved 15 May 2018.
- ^ "Eurovízia s Balážom a Hubinákom" (in Slovak). Radio and Television of Slovakia (RTVS). 12 May 2015. Retrieved 15 May 2018.
- ^ "EBU - Ukraine wins 61st Eurovision Song Contest". European Broadcasting Union (EBU).
- ^ "Eurovízia s Balážom a Hubinákom" (in Slovak). Radio and Television of Slovakia (RTVS). 12 May 2017. Retrieved 15 May 2018.
- ^ "Eurovízia v Rádiu_FM" (in Slovak). Radio and Television of Slovakia (RTVS). 1 May 2018. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
- ^ Granger, Anthony (6 May 2019). "Slovakia: Radio_FM To Air The Eurovision Song Contest 2019 Final". Eurovoix. Archived from the original on 4 July 2019. Retrieved 19 June 2019.
- ^ van Waarden, Franciska (10 May 2021). "Slovakia: Rádio FM To Broadcast Eurovision 2021". Eurovoix. Retrieved 10 May 2021.
- ^ "Eurovízia 2021 s Balážom a Hubinákom" (in Slovak). Radio and Television of Slovakia (RTVS). Retrieved 22 May 2021.
- ^ "Eurovízia 2022 s Balážom, Hubinákom a Malíčkom je ZRUŠENÁ!". facebook.com (in Slovak). Retrieved 13 May 2022.
- ^ Granger, Anthony (2 May 2023). "Slovakia: Rádio_FM Broadcasting the Eurovision Song Contest 2023". Eurovoix. Retrieved 2 May 2023.
- ^ Ntinos, Fotios (2 May 2023). "Slovakia: Rádio_FM will broadcast the Eurovision Song Contest 2023!". Eurovision Fun. Retrieved 2 May 2023.
- ^ "Eurovízia s Balážom a Hubinákom". facebook.com (in Slovak). Retrieved 2 May 2023.
- ^ Granger, Anthony (6 May 2023). "🇸🇰 Slovakia: Further Details of Rádio_FM's Eurovision 2023 Coverage Released". Eurovoix. Retrieved 6 May 2023.
- Points to and from Slovakia eurovisioncovers.co.uk