Writers Flanders and Swann
|Song by Flanders and Swann|
|Genre||List song; Train song|
"Slow Train" is a song by the British duo Flanders and Swann, written in July 1963. It laments the closure of railway stations and lines brought about by the Beeching cuts in the 1960s, and also the passing of a way of life.
"Slow Train" takes the form of an elegiac list song of railway stations which has been likened to a litany. Its evocation of quiet, rural stations is highly romanticised and uses imagery such as the presence of a station cat or milk churns on a platform to illustrate a "less hurried way of life" that is about to vanish:
No churns, no porter, no cat on a seat,
At Chorlton-cum-Hardy or Chester-le-Street.
The strength of "Slow Train" is considered to lie in its list of "achingly bucolic" names of rural halts. The nostalgically poetic tone of Swann's lyrics has been likened to Edward Thomas's 1914 poem, "Adlestrop", which wistfully evokes a fleeting scene of Adlestrop railway station in Gloucestershire.
Although most of the stations mentioned in the song were earmarked for closure under the Beeching Axe, a number of the stations were spared closure: Chester-le-Street, Formby, Ambergate and Arram all remain open, and Gorton and Openshaw also survives, now called Gorton. Some lines referred to in the song have since been re-opened, notably Chorlton-cum-Hardy which closed in January 1967, but re-opened in July 2011 as Chorlton Metrolink station.
Selby and Goole were not threatened by Beeching, though the line from Selby to Goole mentioned in the song was closed to passengers. The other line mentioned, from St Erth to St Ives[note 1] was reprieved, and both stations remain open.
Michael Flanders' delivery of the lyrics seems to imply that Formby Four Crosses and Armley Moor Arram were station names, but in both cases he combined two consecutive names from an alphabetical list of stations. It has been suggested that he took the names of the stations from The Guardian, explaining at least some of the discrepancies between the names in the songs and the names of the stations.
In 2004, Canadian classical quartet Quartetto Gelato released a themed album called Quartetto Gelato Travels the Orient Express, celebrating the original journey of Orient Express and featuring music from London to Istanbul. The album begins with a rendition of "Slow Train", with the final lines changed to reflect the route of the Orient Express.
A version of "The Slow Train" by the King's Singers is on electronica duo Lemon Jelly's track "'76 aka The Slow Train", combined with a cover of the Albert Hammond song "I'm a Train" also performed by the King's Singers. A live version by Stackridge was included in its 2009 DVD 4x4.
Michael Williams' book "On the Slow Train" takes its name from the song. It celebrates 12 of the most beautiful and historic journeys in Britain that were saved from the Beeching axe, including famous routes such as the Settle-Carlisle line and less well-known pleasures, such as the four-hour Preston to Carlisle route along the remote Cumbrian coastline.
List of stations referred to in the lyrics
Where appropriate, the correct name of the station is shown in brackets.
|Millers Dale for Tideswell (Millers Dale)||Midland Railway||Buxton and Matlock.||1863||1967|
|Kirby Muxloe||Midland Railway||Leicester and Burton upon Trent.||1848||1964|
|Mow Cop and Scholar Green||North Staffordshire Railway||Stoke-on-Trent and Congleton||1848||1964|
|Blandford Forum||Somerset and Dorset Joint Railway||Templecombe and Broadstone Junction.||1863||1966|
|Mortehoe (Mortehoe and Woolacombe)||London and South Western Railway||Barnstaple and Ilfracombe.||1874||1970|
|Midsomer Norton||Somerset and Dorset Joint Railway||Bath Green Park and Shepton Mallet.||1874||1966|
|Mumby Road||Great Northern Railway||Willoughby and Mablethorpe.||1888||1970|
|Chorlton-cum-Hardy||Cheshire Lines Committee joint railway||Manchester Central and Stockport Tiviot Dale.||1880||1967[note 2]|
|Chester-le-Street||North Eastern Railway||Durham and Newcastle.||1868||Remains open|
|Littleton Badsey (Littleton and Badsey)||Great Western Railway||Evesham and Honeybourne.||1853||1966|
|Openshaw (Gorton and Openshaw)||Great Central Railway||Manchester London Road and Guide Bridge.||1906||Remains open|
|Long Stanton||Great Eastern Railway||Cambridge and Huntingdon.||1847||1970|
|Formby||Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway||Liverpool Exchange and Southport.||1848||Remains open|
|Four Crosses||Cambrian Railways||Oswestry and Buttington.||1860||1965|
|Dunstable Town||Great Northern Railway and London and North Western Railway joint line||Hatfield and Leighton Buzzard.||1860||1965|
|Dogdyke||Great Northern Railway||Boston and Lincoln.||1849||1963|
|Tumby Woodside||Great Northern Railway||Firsby and Lincoln.||1913||1970|
|Trouble House Halt||Great Western Railway||Kemble and Tetbury.||1959||1964|
|Audlem||Great Western Railway||Market Drayton and Nantwich.||1863||1963|
|Ambergate||Midland Railway||Derby and Chesterfield/Matlock.||1840||Remains open on the Matlock branch|
|Chittening Platform||Great Western Railway||Filton and Avonmouth.||1917||1964|
|Cheslyn Hay (Wyrley and Cheslyn Hay)||London and North Western Railway||Walsall and Rugeley Town.||1858||1965|
|Selby||North Eastern Railway||Doncaster and York.||1834||Remains open[note 3]|
|Goole||North Eastern Railway||Doncaster and Hull.||1869||Remains open[note 3]|
|St Erth||Great Western Railway||Truro and Penzance.||1852||Remains open|
|St Ives[note 1]||Great Western Railway||Terminus of the branch from St Erth.||1877||Remains open|
|Cockermouth for Buttermere (Cockermouth)||London and North Western Railway||Workington and Keswick.||1865||1966|
|Armley Moor||Great Northern Railway||Leeds and Bramley.||1854||1966|
|Arram||North Eastern Railway||Driffield and Beverley.||1853||Remains open|
|Pye Hill and Somercotes||Great Northern Railway||Kimberley and Pinxton.||1877||1963|
|Windmill End||Great Western Railway||Dudley and Old Hill.||1878||1964|
- Ten of the 31 stations were open in 2012, with five others on lines still open.
- Trouble House Halt opened in 1959, shortly before Beeching became BR chairman.
- Re-opening of the line through Cheslyn Hay in 1989 included a new Landywood station, half a mile to the south.
- Kirby Muxloe is regularly proposed for re-opening with the freight-only 'Ivanhoe Line' remaining between Leicester and Burton however a scheme re-appraisal by Scott Wilson in 2009 suggested there was little likelihood of the line reopening to passengers.
- Littleton and Badsey, Chittening Platform and Armley Moor are on lines still open. Chittening and Armley are in the Bristol and Leeds urban areas, and are proposed for re-opening.
- While the Cornish St Ives was the one to which Flanders is referring, St Ives, Cambridgeshire on the Great Eastern Railway between Cambridge and Huntingdon was closed by Beeching.
- Re-opened in July 2011 as Chorlton, on Manchester Metrolink.
- Both Selby and Goole remain open, but the line between them, referred to in the song, closed in 1964.
- "The musical slow train". BBC Cambridgeshire. 3 October 2008. Retrieved 6 June 2018.
- Williams, Michael (2011). On the Slow Train: Twelve Great British Railway Journeys. Random House. p. 1. ISBN 9781848092082. Retrieved 5 June 2018.
- Williams, Michael (2011). On the Slow Train Again. Random House. p. 1. ISBN 9781409051244. Retrieved 5 June 2018.
- Bray, Christopher (2014). 1965: The Year Modern Britain was Born. Simon and Schuster. p. 80. ISBN 9780857202796. Retrieved 5 June 2018.
- "Littleton and Badsey Station (Revisited)". 21 January 2003. Retrieved 3 December 2009.
- "The Independent, April 3, 2010". London. 3 April 2010. Retrieved 14 Feb 2011.
- Pre-Grouping Atlas, page 15
- Pre-Grouping Atlas, page 16
- Nick Catford (20 April 2010). "Disused Stations site record: Long Stanton". Retrieved 16 December 2011.
- Suggitt, Gordon. "Chapter 11: Around Selby". Lost Railways of North & East Yorkshire. Countryside Books. pp. 124–126.
- "Re-opening rail line 'too costly'". Leicester Mercury. 9 September 2009. Archived from the original on 14 October 2009.
- British Railways Pre-grouping Atlas and Gazetteer. Ian Allan. 1988. ISBN 0-7110-0320-3.
- Dewick, Tony. Rail Atlas 1890.
- Jowett, Alan (1989). Jowett's Railway Atlas of Great Britain & Ireland. Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-85260-086-1.
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