The slug is a derived unit of mass in the weight-based system of measures, most notably within the British Imperial measurement system and in the United States customary measures system. Systems of measure either define mass and derive weights or define a base weight and derive a mass unit. A slug is defined as the mass that is accelerated by 1 ft/s2 when a force of one pound (lbF) is exerted on it.
One slug has a mass of 049 lbm or 32.174903 kg based on 14.593standard gravity, the international foot, and the avoirdupois pound. At the surface of the Earth, an object with a mass of 1 slug exerts a force downward (the definition of weight) of approximately lbF or 32.2 . 143 N
The slug is part of a subset of units known as the gravitational FPS system, one of several such specialized systems of mechanical units developed in the late 19th and the 20th century. Geepound was another name for this unit in early literature.
No name has yet been given to the unit of mass and, in fact, as we have developed the theory of dynamics no name is necessary. Whenever the mass, m, appears in our formulae, we substitute the ratio of the convenient force-acceleration pair (w/g), and measure the mass in lbs. per ft./sec.2 or in grams per cm./sec.2.— Noel Charlton Little, College Physics, Charles Scribner's Sons, 1928, p. 165.
|Base||force, length, time||weight, length, time||mass, length, time|
|Force (F)||F = m⋅a = w⋅a/||F = m⋅a/ = w⋅a/||F = m⋅a = w⋅a/|
|Weight (w)||w = m⋅g||w = m⋅g/ ≙ m||w = m⋅g|
The slug is listed in the Regulations under the Weights and Measures (National Standards) Act, 1960. This regulation defines the units of weights and measures, both regular and metric, in Australia.
The blob is the inch version of the slug (1 blob = 1 lbf·s2/in = 12 slugs) or equivalent to 175.126 kg. This unit is also called slinch (a portmanteau of the words slug and inch). Similar terms include slugette, and a snail.
- See Elementary High School physics and chemistry text books/fundamentals.
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- Shevell, R.S. Fundamentals of Flight, Second ed, p. xix. Prentice-Hall, 1989.
- . unit2unit.eu
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- Slug. DiracDelta Science & Engineering Encyclopedia
- "1 blob". Wolfram Alpha Computational Knowledge Engine. Retrieved 27 October 2011.
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- Cardarelli, François (1999). Scientific Units, Weights and Measures. Springer. pp. 358, 377. ISBN 1-85233-682-X.