Jump to content


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The first SlutWalk in Toronto, Ontario, April 3, 2011

SlutWalk is a transnational movement[1] calling for an end to rape culture, including victim blaming and "slut-shaming" of sexual assault victims.[2] Participants protest against explaining or excusing rape by referring to any aspect of a woman's appearance.[3] The rallies began on April 3, 2011,[4] in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, after a Toronto Police officer suggested that "women should avoid dressing like sluts"[5][6] as a precaution against sexual assault. Subsequent rallies have occurred globally.[7]

The protest takes the form of a march, mainly by young women, where some dress in clothes considered to be "slutty." The 2011 protest triggered an international protest around the world.[8] In the various SlutWalk events around the world, there are usually speaker meetings and workshops, live music, sign-making sessions, leafleting, open microphones, chanting, dances, martial arts, and receptions or after-parties with refreshments.[1][9] In many of the rallies and online, women speak publicly for the first time about their identity as rape survivors.[10][11] The movement's ideology has been questioned and its methodology criticized by some.[12][13]



Constable Michael Sanguinetti


On January 24, 2011, Toronto Police Constable Michael Sanguinetti and another officer from 31 Division spoke on crime prevention, addressing the issue of campus rape at a York University safety forum at Osgoode Hall Law School.[14][15] During the talk, Sanguinetti interrupted the more senior officer and said: "I've been told I'm not supposed to say this – however, women should avoid dressing like sluts in order not to be victimized."[15]

After an article that reported on the situation received international attention,[16] Sanguinetti apologized for the remark saying:

I made a comment which was poorly thought out and did not reflect the commitment of the Toronto Police Service to the victims of sexual assaults. Violent crimes such as sexual assaults can have a traumatizing effect on their victims... My comment was hurtful in this respect. I am embarrassed by the comment I made and it shall not be repeated.

The apology was attached to an email distributed to the Osgoode community by law school dean Lorne Sossin who said they've been told the officer "is being disciplined and will be provided with further professional training."[15] Co-founders Sonya Barnett and Heather Jarvis decided to redefine the word slut as someone who is in control of their own sexuality, to reclaim the word slut as a site of power for women.[17] They observe that historically, slut has had negative connotations, and that their goal is to reclaim the term.[6] Their website states:

We are tired of being oppressed by slut-shaming; of being judged by our sexuality and feeling unsafe as a result. Being in charge of our sexual lives should not mean that we are opening ourselves to an expectation of violence, regardless if we participate in sex for pleasure or work. No one should equate enjoying sex with attracting sexual assault.[6]

Barnett insisted the apology was not enough, since the officer's stereotypical idea still exists in society.

The comment that was made by Officer Sanguinetti comes from a place where sexual profiling and victim blaming is inherent and a large trait and we'd like that changed," Barnett said,[17] "It isn't about just one idea or one police officer who practices victim blaming, it's about changing the system and doing something constructive with anger and frustration.[11]

Toronto Police spokeswoman Meaghan Gray said cautioning women on their state of dress is not part of any police training. "In fact, this is completely contradictory to what officers are taught," she said. "They are taught that nothing a woman does contributes to a sexual assault."[14] Toronto Police Chief Bill Blair also spoke on the matter: "If that type of, frankly, archaic thinking still exists among any of my officers, it highlights for me the need to continue to train my officers and sensitize them to the reality of victimization." Sanguinetti's statement, according to Blair, is meant to "place the blame upon victims, and that's not where the blame should ever be placed."[18]

Rosemary Gartner, a University of Toronto criminologist, said linking style of dress to sexual assault is "ridiculous." "If that were the case, there would be no rapes of women who wear veils and we know there are rapes in those countries," she said. Darshika Selvasivam, vice-president of the York Federation of Students, said she found the use of the word "extremely alarming." Linking provocative clothing to sexual assault "is a huge myth" and all it does is "blame the survivor of a sexual assault while taking the onus away from the perpetrator," she said. A university spokesperson also said the school was "surprised and shocked" by the comment, although it does have a good and collaborative relationship with police.[15]

To be sure, such a comment from law enforcement is highly offensive in suggesting that some victims of rape are responsible for the criminal acts of their attackers. Rather than admonishing women to dress a certain way, police should be warning potential offenders that they should 'avoid assaulting women in order not to go to prison' —Gail Dines and Wendy J Murphy[19]

Justice Robert Dewar


SlutWalk organizer Sonya Barnett named the case of Justice Robert Dewar as one of the main reasons to create the movement,[20] and it became also the main cause of Slutwalk Winnipeg.[21]

On February 18, 2011[22] Justice Robert Dewar convicted Thompson resident Kenneth Rhodes, who worked for the city council, of sexual assault and sentenced him to two years house arrest. Dewar described Rhodes as a "clumsy Don Juan" who had the mistaken belief "sex was in the air" and a "heightened expectation" sex would occur. Dewar said the victim and a friend were dressed in tube tops and high heels when they met Rhodes and another man outside a bar "and made it publicly known that they wanted to party." The court in Winnipeg, Manitoba, heard that the victim had willingly gone off with Rhodes and kissed him. But after she rebuffed his further advances three times, he raped her by the side of the road once they were alone. Rhodes admitted telling the woman 'it would only hurt for a little while' during the assault.

He pleaded not guilty at his trial saying he thought the woman had consented to sex. Dewar rejected his defence but said aspects of it could be considered in sentencing. Prosecutors had asked for a three-year sentence, but Dewar gave Rhodes a conditional or suspended sentence, and ordered him to write a letter of apology to his victim. Politicians of all stripes joined student and feminist groups and those who work with sexual assault victims in decrying the comments.

University of Winnipeg politics professor Shannon Sampert said this is the collateral damage that occurs when you have poorly trained judges in the system. "The victim in this case gets to relive her experiences once again in a new trial, hoping that this judge won't require gender sensitivity training," said Sampert. She said surveys repeatedly show one of the primary reasons women do not report being raped is because of a fear of being victimized again by the justice system.

On February 25, nearly 100 people gathered to call for Justice Robert Dewar's resignation. "These statements by Dewar are reinforcing the myth of implied consent and the myth that a victim of sexual assault is ultimately responsible for their own victimisation," said Alanna Makinson of the Canadian Federation of Students, during the protest. Although this was not a part of Slutwalk, the launch of Slutwalk Toronto on April 3 gave the case national diffusion within Canada.[3][23] On October 16, Slutwalk Winnipeg took place to reiterate the protest against the judge.[24]

On November 9, Justice Dewar formally apologized. According to the judicial council, Dewar said he wished to "express my unequivocal apology to the (victim) for the hurt she must have experienced from my comments. Some of the letters of complaint, from persons who have worked directly with past victims, have pointed out that some of my comments were also traumatic for them. I very much regret that as well." Alberta Chief Justice Neil Wittmann, who reviewed the complaints against Dewar, said Dewar's comments "showed a clear lack of sensitivity towards victims of sexual assault" but do not merit his removal from the bench. According to the judicial council, Dewar has met with a "gender equality" expert and is "pursuing further professional development in this area as part of his commitment to become a better judge."[22]

The Manitoba Court of Appeal later overturned Rhodes' conviction and ordered a new trial be set. The appeal court ruled Dewar did not properly assess the credibility of the accused and the alleged victim in reaching his verdict. Rhodes was sentenced to three years in prison in 2013.[23][25]

First march and consequent growth

New York City SlutWalkers. Union Square, October 2011

The first Slutwalk was organized in Toronto, Ontario, on April 3, 2011. Although the organizers expected around 200 people to show up, over 3,000 gathered at Queen's Park including Sierra "Chevy" Harris and Magdalena "Maggie" Ivasecko. "We want Police Services to truly get behind the idea that victim-blaming, slut-shaming, and sexual profiling are never acceptable.[...] The idea that a slut is a lesser person and deserving of sexual assault isn't exclusive to the police. Media also has to get behind this idea." Sonya Barnett explained.[20][26]

The day began with speeches before moving to the Toronto Police Headquarters. The invitation in SlutWalk Toronto website also warned: "Whether a fellow slut or simply an ally, you don't have to wear your sexual proclivities on your sleeve: we just ask that you come. Singles, couples, parents, sisters, brothers, children, friends." Some women attended the protest wearing jeans and T-shirts, while others turned out in fishnets and stilettos.[27]

On May 25, 2012, a new SlutWalk event was organized in Toronto. There were fewer participants than the previous occurrence, although the presence of men was more noticeable. Outfits ranged from sneakers and tank tops to bikinis to costumes. Some attendees went topless. A delegation from the Abbey of the Divine Wood, a Toronto mission of the Sisters of Perpetual Indulgence, manifested in their nuns habits and carried signs including one which read: "Sisters Are Sluts 2".

At Queen's Park, several speakers took the stage—a multi purpose truck—and delivered speeches, some of them spontaneous testimonies. A few paid tribute to the memory of Toronto sex workers' rights activist Wendy Babcock, who took part in the first SlutWalk and died on August 9, 2011, at the age of 32. There were also multiple shows of support for Cece McDonald, a Minneapolis transgender woman facing a 41-month prison sentence for stabbing and killing a man after being harassed and slashed across the face.[28]

On April 4, 2011, a Slutwalk in Sackville, New Brunswick was organized through the Sociology Student Association of Mount Allison University, and was coordinated to follow exactly a day after Toronto's SlutWalk. According to Rebecca Cheff, one of the organizer of the SlutWalk, "the goal is to walk towards the police station and speak to [the police officers] about victim blaming and to raise awareness as they're the frontline worker in sexual assault scenarios." "There is a big misconception that people that dress a certain way ask for sexual assault, and that needs to stop now," said SlutWalk student organizer, Lauren Hutchison. The phrase "still not asking for it" has become a rally cry behind many of these protests and has also been posterized on the bodies of men and women at these walks worldwide.[29]

Dr. Vanessa Oliver, a professor of Sociology and faculty organizer of the SlutWalk, stated, "We have had enough of this slut shaming idea [...] owning our sexual selves should not mean that we are opening ourselves to an expectation of violence," she said. "No one should equate enjoying sex with attracting sexual assault." The protest contained a visible male presence. Two protesters dressed in morphsuits participating in the protest said, "As men we can also create awareness".[30]

According to SlutWalk London, the rallies aim to end a culture of fear and victimisation:

All over the world, women are constantly made to feel like victims, told they should not look a certain way, should not go out at night, should not go into certain areas, should not get drunk, should not wear high heels or make-up, should not be alone with someone they don't know. Not only does this divert attention away from the real cause of the crime – the perpetrator – but it creates a culture where rape is OK, where it's allowed to happen.[31]

Jessica Valenti said: "In just a few months, SlutWalks have become the most successful feminist action of the past 20 years. In a feminist movement that is often fighting simply to hold ground, SlutWalks stand out as a reminder of feminism's more grass-roots past and point to what the future could look like."[32]

It has been compared to the 1970s movement Take Back the Night (also known as Reclaim the Night), which promoted marches to raise awareness and protest against violence against women; although some tension between the two movements has been noted. As with SlutWalk, it asserted women's right to be on the street at night without it being considered an invitation to rape.[33]

To a lesser extent, it has been compared to activist groups like FEMEN, the Ukrainian women's group,[34] and Boobquake,[35] an atheistic and feminist response to Iran's Hojatoleslam Kazem Seddiqi who blamed women who dress immodestly for causing earthquakes. Both integrate nudity and protest.

United States


Amber Rose SlutWalk Festival

Amber Rose

Amber Rose is an American famous for her outspokenness concerning feminism and her relationships with other celebrities, such as Kanye West. She notes on her website that she did not start the SlutWalk, though "she is bringing more awareness to this matter by educating the public."[36] The Amber Rose SlutWalk Festival is held in Pershing Square in Los Angeles. It holds many activities, including: "live DJs, sign making, educational booths, photo fun, free breast cancer exams, and HIV testing".[37] It is open to volunteers;[38] staff and attendees of the SlutWalk must be at least 18 years of age.[39] The 2016 Amber Rose SlutWalk had sponsors including Subway, T-Mobile, and beats by dre;[40] celebrity attendees included Matt McGorry, Nicki Minaj, and Blac Chyna.

SlutWalk NYC


A SlutWalk was held in New York City in 2011 that shut down Union Square.[41][42]



In 2017 the chairpersons of Chicago SlutWalk wrote, "We still stand behind Dyke March Chicago's decision to remove the Zionist contingent from their event, & we won't allow Zionist displays at ours", referring to a then-upcoming demonstration of the Chicago SlutWalk. The Chicago SlutWalk declared of the Star of David, "its connections to the oppression enacted by Israel is too strong for it to be neutral & IN CONTEXT [at the Dyke March Chicago event] it was used as a Zionist symbol."[43]

In 2017 Slutwalk Detroit was held in Palmer Park by Metro-Detroit Political Action Network (MDPAN). The event was also named "The March for Consent" the event was held in Detroit's "Gayboorhood" due to the high violence rate against transgender women in the area. Key speakers included Transgender Chair for MDPAN Brianna Kingsley and Jennifer Kurland who ran for Michigan Governor 2018 as the Green Party candidate.



The first SlutWalk in Melbourne took place on May 28, 2011. An estimated 2500 people rallied in front of the Victorian State Library and marched through Melbourne defending how women, men, and children should dress without fear of being sexually assaulted.[44] Protesters held signs that said, "Stop Policing Our Wardrobe and Start Policing Our Streets, Stop Victim Blaming, No Victim is To Blame, I Love Sluts, Sluts Pay Taxes and Stop Whorephobia", to name a few.[45] Supporters of the SlutWalk dressed in drag, casual and sports attire, as well as other types of clothing celebrating who they are. The organizers advised to wear whatever they chose to convey one message: Who's a slut? We all are. Or none of us are. And who cares? It's a stupid, meaningless concept anyway.[46]

SlutWalk Melbourne was organized by Karen Pickering, Lauren Clair, Clementine Bastow, and Natasha Smith. Pickering hosts Cherchez La Femme, talk show of current affairs and pop culture with a feminist flair. Natasha Smith specializes in queer rights and mental health organizations. Clair is a retail sex toy and sexual health consultant. She has run fundraisers in Melbourne for women services. Bastow is a feminist author, music critic, and radio host.[44] Before SlutWalk Melbourne, Clair had second thoughts on redefining the word slut. In an interview with Fairfax newspapers she said, "I've spent my entire life being judged for my appearance and sexuality. I'm sexual, I have sex, I enjoy sex. I'm not going to be ashamed."[47] Clair stated the most memorable chant recited by all genders during the protest was, "However we dress, wherever we go, yes means yes and no means no."[46] The event included five empowering speeches from five speakers: Dr Leslie Cannold, Monica Dux, Ursula Benstead, Elena Jeffreys and Cody Smith.

Feminist writer Dr Cannold started her speech with the greeting, "Hey you sluts". Throughout her speech, Dr. Cannold described the origin and meaning of the word slut stemming from the Middle Ages and its effect in the twenty-first century. "The word slut actually dates back to the middle ages. Those who throw it at us are trying to take us back to the Middle Ages. A time where women were what men said they could be. A slut is used by some boys and some men and even some ecologist women to put women down. When those who use the word slut, what they mean is the same."[48] Cody Smith shared his rape encounter with a transgender man and the effect it had on him. "My rape was not my fault!" he choked back tears as he described his guilt. "I spent so many years blaming myself for my state of intoxication . . . for what I was wearing . . . for not being strong enough to keep the rapist off me."[49] Because of the positive outcome of SlutWalk Melbourne 2011, four SlutWalks in Melbourne have been taken place: SlutWalk Melbourne 2012, Slutfest 2013, SlutWalk Melbourne 2014, SlutTea 2015, and Slutfest 2016.[44]


Slutwalk in Munich 2019



The first Reykjavík SlutWalk took place on July 23, 2011, only a few months after the very first SlutWalk, which took place in Toronto, Canada, April 3.[50]



The Swiss movement was created in August 2012, by women from Geneva and Lausanne. Since then, the collective organised four marches and other events. Swiss SlutWalk, 6 October 2012,[51][52][53] 12 October 2013,[54][55][56] 13 September 2014,[57] 6 June 2015.[58] The Swiss Slutwalk is an association by law since May 2014.[59]

United Kingdom


Researchers Jessica Ringrose and Emma Renold interviewed members of a self-organized 'girl power' group in a school in Cardiff, Wales. The aims of the group of Year 8 (age 12-13) and above students had evolved to the delivery of personal social health and economic education (PHSE) lessons to younger students in the school. When asked about the 'SlutWalk', planned for Cardiff in a few weeks time, it led to "an uncomfortable silence, uneasy smiles and raised eyebrows from the two women teachers leading the group." Ringrose and Renold concluded that there was a paradox between teachers that "were incredibly supportive of the general message of the SlutWalk," but who "were simultaneously faced with the ongoing struggle of confronting the sexual regulation experienced by girls in a sanitised school space where 'slut' is a banished and punishable sexual swearword." The teachers went on to say that the girls, "probably can't go, we'll go on the march for them". On the day of the march (4 June 2011), however, a number of the girls did turn up with their mothers and met up with their teachers.[60][61] Similar marches were also held around this time in a number of UK cities including London, Edinburgh, Newcastle upon Tyne, Bristol and Oxford.

As of 2018, SlutWalk Newcastle is the longest running UK satellite event. The first march was held on 4 June 2011, attended by approximately 200 people.[62] After a five-year hiatus the next Newcastle SlutWalk took place on 28 July 2018.[63]

Latin America


Slutwalks in Latin America were renamed "Marcha das Vadias" in Brazil[64] and "La Marcha de las Putas" in most Spanish-speaking countries,[65] sometimes using PUTAS as an acronym for "Por una transformación Auténtica y Social (For an Authentic Social Transformation)"[66][67] Countries like Argentina,[68] Brazil,[64] and Colombia[69] were known to host simultaneous Slutwalks in different cities. In all countries, Slutwalks were repeated annually at least once, although not always in the same cities. Some protests selected their dates to match significant events such as the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women[70][71] and the World Youth Day.[72]

There were interactions noted between the organizers in different countries. Organizers from Argentina had previously contacted their counterparts in Mexico and Venezuela through social networks, and artist Adriana Minolitti participated in Mexican Slutwalks before becoming an organizer herself at Buenos Aires. They were, in turn, contacted by organizers in Bolivia and Uruguay to get assistance.[73][74] Also, the organizer of the national Slutwalk at Colombia had some previous interaction with organizers in Peru,[66] and Argentine activist Leonor Silvestri travelled to Chile to help organize La Marcha de las Maracas in Santiago.[75][76] There was also an active participation of the LGBT community,[69][77][78][79][80][81] and there was a common presence of sex workers,[65][81][82] or expressions of solidarity with them.[83][84] There was also a common regional chant: "¡Alerta, alerta, alerta que camina la Marcha de las Putas por América Latina!" (Alert! Alert! Alert, the sluts are walking down Latin America!).[80][85][86][87]

All protests shared the rejection of Sanguinetti's sayings, and some of them were also directed to local state authorities[80][88] and Catholic church representatives[89] whose public comments reinforced gender stereotypes and violence against women. Costumes representing Catholic characters were also found across different countries,[72][78] and many protests demanded a secular State and pointed at the Catholic church as the reason for women's rights to be held back.[64][90] There were some exceptions like Colombia, in which Catholics marched among people of all other religions, under the banner of La Marcha de las Putas,[66] and the Marcha das Vadias against the public spending for the visit of Pope Francis in Copacabana, Brazil, featured dissident Catholic groups marching among the protesters.[72]

Some protests evolved into permanent organizations, which kept working throughout the whole year to fight violence against women,[66][91] and participated or organized events other than the typical Slutwalks to raise awareness on sexual assault.[92][93]

Slutwalks in Latin America
Marcha das Vadias in Brasília, on June 18, 2011. The sign reads: "Changing the world through Feminisms"
Marcha de las Putas in Costa Rica, August 14, 2011
Sign from La Marcha de las Putas saying: "I don't want your catcalling, I want your respect"



South Korea


The first Slutwalk campaign in Asia was held on July 16, 2011, in Seoul, Korea, under the name Japnyeonhaengjin (잡년행진). It was planned to be held on the 9th of July, but due to another important event, Slutwalk Korea postponed the event until the next week. The date of the event is same in India, but because of the time difference, the first slutwalk in Asia was held in Seoul.[94][95] The second slutwalk in South Korea was held on July 28, 2012 in Tapgol Park.[96][97]



On July 16, 2011, about 50 people rallied for India's first Slutwalk in Bhopal, called Slutwalk arthaat Besharmi Morcha.[98][99] Rita Banerji, Indian feminist and author reports that SlutWalk was criticised as irrelevant in the face of female feticide, infanticide, dowry murders and honor killings. She argues: "The issue at the crux of the SlutWalk is one and the same as for all the other above mentioned afflictions. It is about the recognition of women as individuals with certain fundamental rights, including that of safety and personal choices, which no one, not even the family, can violate."[100]

On July 31, 2011, Besharmi Morcha took place at New Delhi. The estimated number of protesters was around 500. To ensure that no untoward incident took place, police personnel were deployed all around the area. "No one can ever be safe in Delhi. When we leave our homes, even we are not sure whether we will return safely or not," said a police constable on the condition of anonymity. Actress and social activist Nafisa Ali was present. "Basically, we need to work towards the safety of women on streets. It's an issue of mindset. If a boy can go out at two in the morning, so can a girl," she said. Trishala Singh, one of the organisers, said in reference to the number of participants: "I am not at all disappointed with the walk. A good number of people turned up to support the cause and I am happy with it. I know one walk can't change the mindset of people but it will at least be a beginning."[101]

Another Slutwalk was held in Kolkata on May 24, 2012, gathering around 300 people. As described by the Times of India, young girls walked in all kinds of dresses right from sari and salwar kameez to jeans and skirts. "We want to bring forth the point that one can be sexually harassed even while being clothed from head to toe," stated Film Studies student Sulakshana Biswas, one of the organizers. At the end of the rally, artists from Fourth Bell Theatre group performed short plays and recited poetries on sexual abuse written by famous Urdu poet Saadat Hassan Manto and Bengali writer Mahasweta Devi.[102]

A new Slutwalk took place at Kolkata on June 7, 2013. The walk started at Jadavpur University and continued until Triangular Park. Many participants had 'slut' painted on their bodies in bright colors. Sulakshana, Jadavpur University student and organizer over two consecutive years, said that she intended Slutwalks to be an annual affair in the city. Sayan, another of the organizers said, "We are under no political banner. This is a gender inclusion movement, catering to all."[103]



Previous to the first Slutwalk, a public exchange between the organisers and the local authorities took place, regarding the particularly strict laws on streets demonstrations. Organizers stated there was no need for a permission to hold the protest, while the police sustained the global nature of the movement and expected presence of foreigners made it necessary. Finally, on November 30, a permit was approved for the Slutwalk to take place at a free-speech park called Speakers' Corner. Social critic and gay rights activist Alex Au commented on the issue: "maybe our senior civil servants can't get past the word 'slut' and have begun to hyperventilate".[104] The Slutwalk finally took place on December 3, 2011. None of the mostly female crowd attended in revealing clothing, though some did wear skirts above the knee.Others wore T-shirts protesting against blaming rape victims on the grounds of their outfits or because they had been drunk or flirting.[105] A new Slutwalk was held in Singapore on December 15, 2012.[106]


"87% of the victims of sexual assault in Israel knew their assailant. But it is our fault because we walk alone at night..." - 2012 Tel Aviv SlutWalk
"'Slut' is a shitty excuse for rape" - 2013 Tel Aviv SlutWalk

When taking up the idea of SlutWalk in Israel, the Hebrew name adopted was "Tza'adat HaSharmutot" (צעדת השרמוטות), i.e. "SharmutaWalk". The word sharmuta (شرموطة), originally an Arabic word meaning 'prostitute', has entered spoken Israeli Hebrew, carrying connotations similar to slut in English. In 2012 the Jerusalem-based Feminist activist Or Levy was the first to raise the idea of holding a SlutWalk in Israel. The first actual SlutWalk took place in Tel Aviv on March 22, attended by several hundred women and a few sympathizing men. The idea was then taken up by activists in other cities, including Jerusalem, Haifa and Beersheba.

In 2013 events took place in the same four cities. The number of both women and men participants has increased greatly, apparently due to increased media coverage, as well as an Internet campaign which went viral via Facebook. The marches were not without obstacles: In Jerusalem, the police initially refused to give a permit for the march, providing it only after an intervention by Knesset Member Tamar Zandberg. The Tel Aviv march was organized by a new group of activists, initiated by Feminist activist Tzipi Eran. That year's march also involved a fierce dispute with the "Socialist Struggle" movement (Ma'avak Socilisti - מאבק סוציאליסטי) which organised its own SlutWalk but objected to the term sharmuta on the grounds that it was an originally Arabic word, and thus using it could be considered offensive to women from a minority group.

The rival march organizers, conversely, held that avoiding the term would be an act of "Slut-shaming" - precisely what the march was supposed to oppose - and they also objected to the Socialist Struggle march being led by men who spoke on behalf of women victims of sexual violence. Moreover, though originally an Arabic word, the term as presently used by Hebrew speakers in Israel carries a crude disparaging sexist implication of "blaming the victim" but no specific ethnic connotation. In the end, although two separate events were publicized on the Internet, in actuality they merged into a single march of over a thousand marchers, and the use of sharmuta no longer disputed.

In 2014 the organizers of the marches in various cities united into an umbrella organizational frame. Although each of the cities had a separate organizing group that ran its march in its own way, the joint organization established a comprehensive branding for the march and held campaigns and advertising in collaboration, to consolidate messages and expand distribution. In 2015, a march took place in Jerusalem on May 29 with the participation of about 1,000 women and men, with a conspicuous involvement of teenage girls. A march in Tel Aviv took place on Friday, May 14.

In 2016, a march took place in Tel Aviv on July 8 with some 500 participants. Among them was Inbal Bibi, a former X Factor Israel celebrity, who revealed that she had herself been raped in the past. In 2017, a march took place in Tel Aviv on May 12, with some 1500 participants. The march attracted high public attention when well known artists such as Gadi Wilczhersky and Statik promoted it on the social networks. Statik got some negative reactions from fans who objected to his using "dirty words". He then set to his hundreds of thousands of followers on Instagram a detailed explanation of the idea behind the SlutWalk and the effort to confront and reverse the sexist connotations of sharmuta.

The Tel Aviv 2018 SlutWalk, held on May 4, had more than 2000 participants and received sympathetic coverage in the mainstream media. Taking up themes from the Me Too movement, signs were carried mentioning by name and photo various Israeli men in prominent public positions - including politicians, senior military and police officers, business people, artists and actors as well as rabbis - who were implicated in rape or sexual harassment cases.



Risk management


Australian conservative commentator Andrew Bolt observed that guidance on how to dress in any given context is simply risk management, and such advice need not exclude opposition to victim-blaming.[107] Rod Liddle was of the opinion: "I have a perfect right to leave my windows open when I nip to the shops for some fags, without being burgled. It doesn't lessen the guilt of the burglar that I've left my window open, or even remotely suggest that I was deserving of being burgled. Just that it was more likely to happen."[108] Mike Strobel even suggests that the approach SlutWalk is advocating is dangerous, and he would not advise a daughter to dress "provocatively in iffy circumstances."[109]

Lindsay Herriot, a women's studies scholar, disagreed with these arguments, stating that risk management can be seen as a direct case of victim-blaming and creates a problematic rhetoric in tackling the issue of sexual violence. As an example, she cited a 2010 Toronto news story covering a series of recent attempted and completed sexual assault cases against teenage girls walking home from school. In the news story, Pearl Rimer, a safety advocate with Boost Child Abuse Prevention, stated: "[children and young adults] should be aware of their surroundings while in public by limiting the use of cell phones and music players. Whenever possible, teenagers should walk with at least one friend." Herriot criticized this advice as restricting young people's basic freedoms in public spaces, as opposed to taking an approach targeted at offenders.[110]



SlutWalk has focused on being able to choose what to wear without being harassed, rather than the larger and broader discussion of consent concerning sexual assault. It has been accused of "[fixating] solely around liberal questions of individual choice – the palatable 'I can wear what I want' feminism that is intentionally devoid of an analysis of power dynamics."[111] But Jessica Valenti says: "The idea that women's clothing has some bearing on whether they will be raped is a dangerous myth feminists have tried to debunk for decades. Despite all the activism and research, however, the cultural misconception prevails."[32]

at a moment when questions of sex and power, blame and credibility, and gender and justice are so ubiquitous and so urgent, I have mostly felt irritation that stripping down to skivvies and calling ourselves sluts is passing for keen retort
Rebecca Traister, The New York Times[112]

Some popular responses[by whom?] have also questioned the wisdom of using the word slut. Sophie Jones wrote on The F-Word regarding this criticism:

This is a clear case of these writers simply misinterpreting the mission of SlutWalk, which is not a protest for the right to be called 'slut' but a protest for the right to dress however you want free of the presumption you are "asking for it". I have been called a slut while wearing long sleeves and thick black tights.[...]The assumption that rapists target women who look sexually available drastically misreads the nature of the crime. I will be marching in London not for the right to be called a slut, but for the right to be there.[113]

Racial sensitivity


In the United States, black feminists have accused the SlutWalk of being exclusionary to women of color. In an open letter to the SlutWalk organizers, the Black Women's Blueprint state that "As Black women and girls we find no space in SlutWalk, no space for participation and to unequivocally denounce rape and sexual assault as we have experienced it."[114] They state that the term slut means something different when it is attached to a black body due to their history of slavery. They further state "For us the trivialization of rape and the absence of justice are viciously intertwined with narratives of sexual surveillance, legal access and availability to our personhood. It is tied to institutionalized ideology about our bodies as sexualized objects of property, as spectacles of sexuality and deviant sexual desire."[114] They also find the use of the word to be counterproductive to getting rid of the word ho which has been used to dehumanize them. In their closing remarks, they give the SlutWalk organizers a tip for organizing future movements. They state, "Women in the United States are racially and ethnically diverse. Every tactic to gain civil and human rights must not only consult and consider women of color, but it must equally center all our experiences and our communities in the construction, launching, delivery and sustainment of that movement."[114]

There is a racial divide between white feminists and black feminists when it comes to the SlutWalk. In "An Open Letter from Black Women to SlutWalk Organizers," disagreement was expressed over the somewhat controversial naming of the organisation: "Even if only in name, we cannot afford to label ourselves, to claim identity, to chant dehumanizing rhetoric against ourselves in any movement."[114]

Furthermore, there was some controversy when a white woman who was participating in a SlutWalk in New York City held a sign that read, "Woman Is the Nigger of the World."[115] History has shown that people of African descent in the Americas have struggled with reclaiming their rights as human beings.[115] Current events have shown that people of color continually struggle with overcoming the racial divide between white and black.

Organizers of the Slutwalk have also seen that there is no equality in the movement in which white and black women can come together in solidarity to break down the societal, racial divide.[115] In response to the white woman's sign, in an open apology letter, the organizers of SlutWalkNYC wrote, "We apologize that this space was not safer for black women, black people, and their allies."[115]

Andrea Plaid, who writes for race blog 'Racialicious', too is skeptical, describing the SlutWalk as "...another word-reclamation project that seemed to recenter white cisgender women's sexual agency and bodies. (Sort of the way 'feminist issues' tends to reincarnate a little too often as 'white (cis) women's issues.')".[116] Bogado critiques the movement for the "privileged position inherent in a political movement whose goal is focused on 'regaining' a trustworthy relationship with the police while immigrant women, black and brown women, poor women, and transgender women whether born in the U.S. or not, are presumed to be sex workers, targeted as 'sex offenders,' and are routinely abused by police with impunity, and their deaths ignored."[117] Bogado continues her critique and states that "Despite decades of work from women of color on the margins to assert an equitable space, SlutWalk has grown into an international movement that has effectively silenced the voices of women of color and re-centered the conversation to consist of a topic by, of, and for white women only."[117]

Not all black feminist stand against slut walks though. In response to the Black Women's Blueprint letter, the Global Women's Strike retorted "Women of colour are among the most likely to be put down as 'sluts', which is why we rejoice at SlutWalk embracing the word slut to remove the stigma; if we're all identified as sluts, that's the end of the insult which can divide us."[118] They further state that the Black Women's Blueprint letter brings division not only between white women and women of color but between women them and the women of color who support this movement.[118]

Use of the word slut


Others have noted that the use of the word slut raises the hackles of those anxious about the "'pornification' of everything and the pressure on young girls to look like Barbie dolls".[119] Melinda Tankard Reist, notable for her stance against sexualisation of children in modern pop culture and anti-choice positions, said: "I believe the name will marginalise women and girls who want to be active in violence prevention campaigns but who don't feel comfortable with personally owning the word slut."[120] Feminists Gail Dines and Wendy J Murphy have suggested that the word slut is inherently indivisible from the madonna/whore binary opposition and thus "beyond redemption." They say: "Women need to find ways to create their own authentic sexuality, outside of male-defined terms like slut."[19]

Sophie Jones answered to Dines and Murphy that reclaiming a word does not mean celebrating that word in its current form. "Reclaiming 'slut' should not be about celebrating the male-defined word as something 'positive', but celebrating the indeterminacy of the word when detached from its meaning. We want this word in our court, but only so we can keep it in the air and over the heads of everyone who would use it against us."[121]

The debate about using the word slut has emerged within the SlutWalk movement itself. Organisers of SlutWalk New York City "have made the decision to withdraw from the movement because of the name."[122][123] In Vancouver, the organisers decided to cancel the march and have a discussion instead, to determine a different name. [124] and a debate was held Of the four names suggested (Slutwalk, End the Shame, Yes Means Yes and Shame Stop), SlutWalk remained the favourite, though half the voters had voted against the old name.[122] SlutWalk Philadelphia renamed the protest "A March to End Rape Culture" in order to take into account concerns about inclusivity.[125]

Promotion of sex culture


Former British Conservative MP Louise Mensch has objected to SlutWalk "on the grounds that it 'lionises promiscuity', which she says is harmful."[126] She also added "promiscuity is not equality."[127] Indeed, the inclusion of "Sex Party branding" has been criticised in Brisbane, where it was said by a rape survivor "they are promoting sex positivity, which I personally have no problem with, but a lot of survivors of rape are at different stages."[128] Guy Rundle has contrasted SlutWalk with Reclaim the Night protests, saying they "resisted the deep cultural pull to make women into objects rather than subjects, to be constituted by the male gaze... there was no way to watch Reclaim The Night and feel like, or be, a voyeur."[129] At worst, it has been said that "SlutWalkers have internalised their abuse"[130] and SlutWalk is "the pornification of protest."[131]

Artistic responses


In 2014, artist Wendy Coburn presented Slut Nation: Anatomy of a Protest, a video documentary of the first Slutwalk, as part of her exhibition Anatomy of a Protest in Toronto.[132] The documentary showed involvement by police provocateurs at the initial protest, and examined the role of props as tools for and against protestors.[133]

See also



  1. ^ a b Leach, Brittany (2013). "Slutwalk and Sovereignty: Transnational Protest as Emergent Global Democracy". APSA 2013 Annual Meeting Paper. SSRN 2300699.
  2. ^ "SlutWalk Vancouver: A March To End Rape Culture". May 29, 2013. Retrieved June 10, 2013.
  3. ^ a b "'Slut walk' crowded". TheSpec. April 4, 2011. Archived from the original on May 1, 2013. Retrieved May 29, 2011.
  4. ^ "SlutWalk Toronto: What". Archived from the original on October 14, 2011. Retrieved October 19, 2011.
  5. ^ Bell, Sarah (June 11, 2011). "Slutwalk London: 'Yes means yes and no means no'". BBC News.
  6. ^ a b c "WHY". SlutWalk Toronto. Archived from the original on May 9, 2011. Retrieved May 8, 2011.
  7. ^ "A Rally to find the slut in everyone". The Sydney Morning Herald. May 29, 2011. Retrieved May 30, 2011.
  8. ^ "'SlutWalk' marches sparked by Toronto officer's remarks". BBC News. May 8, 2011. Retrieved June 12, 2011.
  9. ^ "'SlutWalk' marches sparked by Toronto officer's remarks". BBC News. May 8, 2011. Retrieved June 12, 2011.
  10. ^ Tuerkheimer, Deborah (March 9, 2014). "SlutWalking in the Shadow of the Law". DePaul University – College of Law. Social Science Research Network. SSRN 2009541.
  11. ^ a b Stampler, Laura (April 20, 2011). "SlutWalks Sweep The Nation". Huufington Post. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
  12. ^ Adele Horin (June 13, 2011). "SlutWalk turns apathy into action on sex attacks". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved June 12, 2011.
  13. ^ Campbell, Marlo. "Reclaim it? We don't want it: Dismantling rape culture will not succeed by using words that perpetuate it". Uptown. Archived from the original on April 13, 2012. Retrieved February 7, 2012. As was noted at a recent panel discussion at the University of Manitoba, SlutWalk has been criticized as "the pornification of protest" — no doubt because every march inevitably features at least a few participants wearing very little clothing, much to the delight of male spectators who inevitably show up to take pictures from the sidelines.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  14. ^ a b Pilkington, Ed (May 6, 2011). "SlutWalking gets rolling after cop's loose talk about provocative clothing". The Guardian. London. Retrieved February 20, 2012.
  15. ^ a b c d Rush, Curtis (February 18, 2011). "Cop apologizes for 'sluts' remark at law school". Toronto Star. Toronto. Retrieved May 29, 2011.
  16. ^ Maronese, Nicholas. "Cop's 'slut' comment draws backlash from guerilla activists". Excalibur. Archived from the original on January 10, 2014. Retrieved January 10, 2014.
  17. ^ a b "Slutwalk set to strut past Queen's Park to police HQ on April 3". Toronto Observer. March 30, 2011.
  18. ^ "Toronto 'slut walk' takes to city streets". CBC News. April 3, 2011.
  19. ^ a b Dines, Gail; Murphy, Wendy J (May 8, 2011). "Slutwalk is not Sexual Liberation". The Guardian. London. Retrieved May 29, 2011.
  20. ^ a b Woolley, Emma (March 29, 2011). "This Sunday: Wear your slut pride at SlutWalk". Shameless. Retrieved January 14, 2014.
  21. ^ "SlutWalk Winnipeg 2012". Slutwalk Winnipeg. July 13, 2012. Retrieved January 14, 2014.
  22. ^ a b Pritchard, Dean (November 9, 2011). "Justice Dewar apologizes for ruling remarks". Winnipeg Sun. Retrieved January 14, 2014.
  23. ^ a b MacIntire, Rabson, Mike, Mia (December 1, 2011). "New trial ordered for 'Clumsy Don Juan' who had rape sentence reduced". National Post. Retrieved January 14, 2014.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  24. ^ Austin, Jillian (October 12, 2011). "Protesters prepare for SlutWalk". Winnipeg Sun. Retrieved January 14, 2014.
  25. ^ Pritchard, Dean (October 24, 2011). "'Clumsy Don Juan' gets three years for rape". Winnipeg Sun. Retrieved January 14, 2014.
  26. ^ Russell Contreras (May 6, 2011). "Inspired by Toronto officer's remark, SlutWalks spread to U.S." The Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on May 9, 2011. Retrieved May 29, 2011.
  27. ^ Pilkington, Ed (May 6, 2011). "SlutWalking gets rolling after cop's loose talk about provocative clothing". The Guardian. London. Retrieved June 12, 2011.
  28. ^ Scott, Kevin (May 28, 2012). "SlutWalk Takes to Toronto Streets". Torontoist. Retrieved January 16, 2014.
  29. ^ "Students Pose for Photos for Project "Not Asking For It"". The Wesleyan Argus.
  30. ^ "Slutwalk hits Sackville". The Argosy. April 6, 2011. Archived from the original on January 17, 2014. Retrieved January 17, 2014.
  31. ^ "Women mobilise for first British 'SlutWalk' rally". The Independent. October 23, 2011.
  32. ^ a b Valenti, Jessica (June 8, 2011). "SlutWalks and the future of feminism". Wisconsin State Journal. Retrieved July 10, 2011.
  33. ^ Allen, Charlotte (October 7, 2011). "'SlutWalks' Take Over from 'Take Back the Night'". Mindingthecampus.com. Archived from the original on October 2, 2013. Retrieved October 2, 2013.
  34. ^ Gaylor, Annie Laurie. "Femen's Message Should Not Be Provocative". Retrieved June 1, 2013.
  35. ^ Jane, Emma. "SlutWalkers are no slacktivists". Retrieved June 1, 2013.
  36. ^ "The History". The Amber Rose SlutWalk. Archived from the original on December 3, 2016. Retrieved December 7, 2016.
  37. ^ "The Mission". The Amber Rose SlutWalk. Archived from the original on October 22, 2016. Retrieved December 7, 2016.
  38. ^ "Volunteer". The Amber Rose SlutWalk. Archived from the original on December 20, 2016. Retrieved December 7, 2016.
  39. ^ "General Info". The Amber Rose SlutWalk. Archived from the original on December 3, 2016. Retrieved December 7, 2016.
  40. ^ "Become a Sponsor". The Amber Rose SlutWalk. Archived from the original on December 20, 2016. Retrieved December 7, 2016.
  41. ^ "LOOK: Thousands Gather for SlutWalk NYC". Huffington Post. October 3, 2011.
  42. ^ "'SlutWalk NYC' Draws over 1,000 Demonstrators to Union Square". CBS News. October 2011.
  43. ^ Solomon, Daniel J. (July 20, 2017). "Chicago SlutWalk Bans 'Zionist Symbols' – The Forward". Forward.com. Retrieved July 24, 2017.
  44. ^ a b c "SlutWalk Melbourne". SlutWalk Melbourne. 2011. Archived from the original on September 4, 2013. Retrieved December 7, 2016.
  45. ^ Reist, Melinda Tankard (2011). "Would you embrace the word slut?". The Cairns Post – via LexisNexis Academic.
  46. ^ a b "Thousands turn out for Australian 'slutwalk'". Mail & Guardian. May 28, 2011. Retrieved May 28, 2011 – via LexisNexis Academic.
  47. ^ Reist, Melinda Tankard (May 28, 2011). "The Cairns Post". Would you embrace the word slut? – via LexisNexis Academic.
  48. ^ Ward, B (May 28, 2011). "Slutwalk Melbourne 2011". You Tube. Retrieved May 28, 2011.
  49. ^ Craig, Natalie (May 29, 2011). "A rally to find the slut in everyone". Retrieved December 7, 2016 – via LexisNexis Academic.
  50. ^ "Reykjavík SlutWalk Tomorrow". Iceland Monitor.
  51. ^ Margaux, Mosimann (June 10, 2012). "Plus de 400". TDG. Retrieved November 3, 2015.
  52. ^ Keller, Laurent (June 10, 2012). "La "Marche des salopes" réunit 200 manifestants". Le Matin. Retrieved November 3, 2015.
  53. ^ "La première marche des salopes en Suisse a eu lieu samedi à Genève". Play RTS. Retrieved November 3, 2015.
  54. ^ "La "Marche des salopes" réunit 200 manifestants". Le Matin. December 10, 2013. Retrieved November 3, 2015.
  55. ^ Davaris, Sophie (December 10, 2013). "Les "Salopes" défilent pour défendre leur liberté". TDG. Retrieved November 3, 2015.
  56. ^ "Défilé de "salopes" contre les violences sexuelles à Genève". rts.ch. October 12, 2013. Retrieved November 3, 2015.
  57. ^ Gabus, Laure (December 9, 2014). "La femme peut aussi dire non". TDG. Retrieved November 3, 2015.
  58. ^ "Premier merci à chaud (blog)". Slutwalk Suisse (via Wordpress). June 7, 2015. Archived from the original on June 24, 2015.
  59. ^ Revello, Sylvia (June 5, 2014). "Les "Salopes" consolident leurs positions". TDG. Retrieved November 3, 2015.
  60. ^ Ringrose, Jessica; Renold, Emma (May 2012). "Slut-shaming, girl power and 'sexualisation': thinking through the politics of the international SlutWalks with teen girls". Gender and Education. 24 (3): 333–343. doi:10.1080/09540253.2011.645023. S2CID 145322355. Pdf.
  61. ^ Jennifer Drewett (Jennybean89) (June 4, 2011). VLOG #22: Slutwalk Cardiff (Video). Cardiff: YouTube.
  62. ^ "SlutWalk Newcastle!". www.facebook.com. Retrieved July 26, 2018.
  63. ^ "SlutWalk Newcastle 2018". www.facebook.com. Retrieved July 26, 2018.
  64. ^ a b c "Marcha das Vadias reúne mulheres no Rio contra a violência sexual". O Globo. July 2, 2011. Retrieved November 20, 2013.
  65. ^ a b "Panama's Slut Walk". The Panama News. October 26, 2011. Archived from the original on May 8, 2013. Retrieved December 4, 2013.
  66. ^ a b c d "Habla la líder de la 'Marcha de las Putas". Ser Colombiano. March 11, 2013. Retrieved November 27, 2013.
  67. ^ "La marcha de las putas recorrió las calles de Lima". RPP Noticias. November 12, 2011. Retrieved December 4, 2013.
  68. ^ "La 'Marcha de las Putas' dijo "No a los abusos sexuales"". Télam. November 3, 2012. Archived from the original on December 12, 2013. Retrieved November 20, 2013.
  69. ^ a b Alsema, Adriaan (February 26, 2012). "Colombia SlutWalk draws thousands". Colombia Reports. Retrieved November 26, 2013.
  70. ^ Mariscal, Angeles (November 26, 2012). "Mujeres marchan en Chiapas contra el aumento de los feminicidios". CNN Mexico. Archived from the original on October 20, 2014. Retrieved December 7, 2013.
  71. ^ "La 'Marcha de las Putas' llega a Mendoza para oponerse a la violencia de género". Diario Uno. November 24, 2011. Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved November 29, 2013.
  72. ^ a b c Bertolotto, Rosrigo (July 27, 2013). "Peregrino cospe no rosto de manifestante da Marcha das Vadias". Uol. Retrieved November 20, 2013.
  73. ^ "La Marcha de las Putas". Pagina12. August 12, 2011. Retrieved November 20, 2013.
  74. ^ Monfort, Flor (August 12, 2011). "Todas Putas". Pagina12. Retrieved November 20, 2013.
  75. ^ Leon, Gonzalo (November 23, 2011). "La marcha de las putas". El Ciudadano. Retrieved December 8, 2013.
  76. ^ Salazar, Alexandra (June 4, 2012). "Mes de la puta patria". Chile Literario. Retrieved December 8, 2013.
  77. ^ "Este sábado se realizará la 'marcha de las putas' en Colombia". Semana. February 24, 2012. Retrieved November 26, 2013.
  78. ^ a b "La Marcha de las Putas cuenta con más apoyo de los hombres". El Telégrafo. April 22, 2013. Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved November 30, 2013.
  79. ^ "Marcha de las Putas en Honduras pide frenar violencia vs mujeres". Periódico Digital. December 8, 2012. Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved December 1, 2013.
  80. ^ a b c "Alerta que camina la marcha de las putas por América Latina". República. December 16, 2012. Retrieved December 6, 2013.
  81. ^ a b "Marcha de las putas se realiza este sábado para protestar contra la violencia". El Universal. March 9, 2011. Retrieved November 30, 2013.
  82. ^ Sarralde Duque, Milena (February 25, 2012). "'Este es mi cuerpo y se respeta', gritaron mujeres en marcha nacional". El Tiempo. Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved November 26, 2013.
  83. ^ "Marcha contra violencia machista en Perú se solidariza con prostitutas". Terra. November 10, 2012. Archived from the original on December 4, 2013. Retrieved December 4, 2013.
  84. ^ "Marcha das Vadias reúne cerca de mil pessoas na av. Paulista, em SP". Folha de Sao Paulo. May 25, 2013. Retrieved November 20, 2013.
  85. ^ Magnani, Rocío (August 12, 2011). "La marcha del no". Retrieved December 6, 2013.
  86. ^ Sotalin, Karina (April 27, 2013). "Todas somos Putas". Retrieved December 8, 2013.
  87. ^ Muñoz, Brisa (June 12, 2011). "Mujeres protestan en 'Marcha de las Putas' contra la violencia de género". CNN Mexico. Retrieved December 7, 2013.
  88. ^ "Manifestantes realizan 'Marcha de las prostitutas' en rechazo a alcalde Sabat". CNN Chile. January 13, 2012. Retrieved December 6, 2013.
  89. ^ ""Slut Walk" In Costa Rica Today". Inside Costa Rica. August 14, 2011. Retrieved November 29, 2013.
  90. ^ Freeston, Jesse (August 6, 2011). "SlutWalk Lands in Tegucigalpa". The Real News. Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved December 1, 2013.
  91. ^ "Marcha das Vadias no Recife exige o fim da violência contra a mulher". Uol. May 25, 2012. Archived from the original on December 11, 2013. Retrieved November 20, 2013.
  92. ^ "Una marcha a Casa Rosada para luchar contra el abuso infantil". El Sol. November 16, 2013. Archived from the original on December 12, 2013. Retrieved November 20, 2013.
  93. ^ "Colombia: Marcha de las Putas denuncia violación en restaurante". UY Press. November 18, 2013. Archived from the original on December 2, 2013. Retrieved November 27, 2013.
  94. ^ Tae-jong, Kim (July 17, 2011). "'Slut Walk' protest held in Seoul". The Korea Times. Retrieved October 9, 2014. 'Slut Walk' protest held in Seoul
  95. ^ "SlutWalk Korea". SlutWalk Korea.
  96. ^ "12.07.28 2012 잡년행진". SlutWalk Korea (in Korean). July 25, 2012. Retrieved December 8, 2023.
  97. ^ 김지수 (July 30, 2012). ""입었어도 벗었어도, 함부로 손대지 마라"". 오마이뉴스 (in Korean). Retrieved December 8, 2023.
  98. ^ Nambissan, Anjali. (July 16, 2011). "Besharmi Morcha hits Bhopal streets today Archived 2013-05-13 at the Wayback Machine". Hindustan Times. Retrieved September 28, 2013.
  99. ^ Pereira, Aaron. (July 18, 2011). "Bhopal Besharmi Morcha gets lukewarm response Archived 2012-11-02 at the Wayback Machine". Hindustan Times. Retrieved September 28, 2013.
  100. ^ Banerji, Rita. (September 2, 2011). "Slutwalk To Femicide: Making The Connection Archived 2011-10-03 at the Wayback Machine". The WIP (Women's International Perspective). Retrieved September 28, 2013.
  101. ^ "Slut walk: Is Delhi more conservative than Bhopal?". NDTV. August 1, 2011. Retrieved November 21, 2013.
  102. ^ "Kolkata organises 'SlutWalk'". The Times of India. May 24, 2012. Archived from the original on November 4, 2013.
  103. ^ "A Slutwalk in Kolkata". The Times of India. June 9, 2013. Archived from the original on June 16, 2013.
  104. ^ "Singapore Allows Slutwalk". November 30, 2011. Archived from the original on December 13, 2013. Retrieved November 21, 2013.
  105. ^ "Singapore allows modest SlutWalk". News.com.au. December 4, 2011. Archived from the original on January 16, 2014. Retrieved November 21, 2013.
  106. ^ "SlutWalk 2012, December 15". Today online. December 15, 2012. Retrieved November 21, 2013.
  107. ^ "'No, it's not "carbon pollution"'". Herald Sun. May 30, 2011. Archived from the original on December 2, 2015. Retrieved May 30, 2011.
  108. ^ Liddle, Rod (May 18, 2011). "Slut Walk: what a disappointment". The Spectator. Archived from the original on August 7, 2011. Retrieved July 10, 2011.
  109. ^ Strovel, Lee (May 29, 2012). "Strobel: Flaw in the SlutWalk argument". Toronto Sun. Retrieved June 14, 2012.
  110. ^ Herriot, Lindsay. (11/01/2015). SlutWalk: Contextualizing the movement. Women's studies international forum. (53). p.22 - 30.
  111. ^ Walia, Harsha. "SlutWalk – To March or Not To March". Archived from the original on August 1, 2012.
  112. ^ Traister, Rebecca (July 20, 2011). "Ladies, We Have a Problem". The New York Times. Retrieved February 7, 2012.
  113. ^ Jones, Sophie. "Feminist critics of SlutWalk have forgotten that language is not a commodity". Archived from the original on August 1, 2012. Retrieved November 12, 2013.
  114. ^ a b c d Brison, Susan (September 27, 2011). "An Open Letter from Black Women to SlutWalk Organizers". The Huffington Post.
  115. ^ a b c d Maxwell, Zerlina (October 13, 2011). "SlutWalk: A Black-White Feminist Divide". The Root. Archived from the original on December 21, 2016. Retrieved December 5, 2016.
  116. ^ Plaid, Andrea (June 22, 2011). "Does SlutWalk Speak to Women of Color?". AlterNet. Archived from the original on December 20, 2016. Retrieved December 6, 2016.
  117. ^ a b Daniels, Jessie (November 12, 2014). "SlutWalk, #Hashtag Activism and the Trouble with White Feminism -". Retrieved November 12, 2014.
  118. ^ a b "Women of Colour respond to Black Women's Blueprint attack on Slutwalk | Global Women's Strike". www.globalwomenstrike.net. Archived from the original on November 12, 2013.
  119. ^ "The 'SlutWalk' phenomenon: Women refuse to take the blame for rape". Socialist Worker. May 17, 2011. Archived from the original on May 23, 2011. Retrieved June 14, 2011.
  120. ^ O'Brien, Susie (May 11, 2011). "Ladies and friends will dress to tramp in 'SlutWalk'". Herald Sun. Retrieved July 11, 2011.[permanent dead link]
  121. ^ Jones, Sophie (June 8, 2011). "Feminist critics of SlutWalk have forgotten that language is not a commodity". The F-Word. Retrieved November 12, 2013.
  122. ^ a b Wong, Kayi. "Wong: Debate over the "s-word" should not derail Slutwalk movement". The Ubyssey. Archived from the original on June 15, 2012. Retrieved June 13, 2012.
  123. ^ "SlutWalk NYC". SlutWalk NYC Facebook page. Retrieved June 13, 2012.
  124. ^ Murphy, Meghan (May 15, 2012). "After criticism, Slutwalk Vancouver opts to talk, not walk". The Hook. Retrieved June 14, 2012.
  125. ^ Murtha, Tara (September 26, 2013). "SlutWalk Philly Changes Protest Name to 'A March to End Rape Culture'". Retrieved November 9, 2013.
  126. ^ Moore, Suzanne (May 14, 2011). "Being a slut, to my mind, was mostly fun – wearing and doing what you liked". The Guardian. London. Retrieved June 14, 2011.
  127. ^ "Newsnight – Zoe Margolis". YouTube. May 12, 2011. Retrieved June 14, 2011.
  128. ^ Jabour, Bridie (May 14, 2012). "'Political' SlutWalk misses the point, says rape survivor". Brisbane Times. Retrieved June 14, 2012.
  129. ^ "The phones are manned, vote now on Slutwalk". Crikey. May 17, 2011. Retrieved May 30, 2011.
  130. ^ Gould, Tanya (June 7, 2011). "Marching with the SlutWalkers". The Guardian. London. Retrieved July 10, 2011.
  131. ^ Campbell, Marlo. "Reclaim it? We don't want it: Dismantling rape culture will not succeed by using words that perpetuate it". Uptown. Archived from the original on April 13, 2012. Retrieved February 7, 2012.
  132. ^ Joyce, Daniel. "Wendy Coburn at the Justina M. Barnicke Gallery". Canadian Art. Retrieved September 17, 2015.
  133. ^ Benivolski, Xenia (November 24, 2014). "Exhibition Reviews: Wendy Coburn". Magenta Magazine. Retrieved September 17, 2015.