Smøla

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Smøla kommune
Municipality
View of Veiholmen
View of Veiholmen
Coat of arms of Smøla kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Smøla kommune
Møre og Romsdal within
Norway
Smøla within Møre og Romsdal
Smøla within Møre og Romsdal
Coordinates: 63°24′07″N 08°01′45″E / 63.40194°N 8.02917°E / 63.40194; 8.02917Coordinates: 63°24′07″N 08°01′45″E / 63.40194°N 8.02917°E / 63.40194; 8.02917
Country Norway
County Møre og Romsdal
District Nordmøre
Administrative centre Hopen
Government
 • Mayor (2011) Roger Osen (Ap)
Area
 • Total 271.91 km2 (104.99 sq mi)
 • Land 261.08 km2 (100.80 sq mi)
 • Water 10.83 km2 (4.18 sq mi)
Area rank #287 in Norway
Population (2017)
 • Total 2,160
 • Rank #315 in Norway
 • Density 8.3/km2 (21/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) -0.2%
Demonym(s) Smølværing[1]
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 code NO-1573
Official language form Neutral
Website www.smola.kommune.no

Smøla is a municipality in Møre og Romsdal county, Norway. It is part of the Nordmøre region. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Hopen, other villages include Dyrnes, Råket, and Veiholmen.

The 272-square-kilometre (105 sq mi) municipality is the 287th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Smøla is the 315th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 2,160. The municipality's population density is 8.3 inhabitants per square kilometre (21/sq mi) and its population has decreased by 0.2% over the last decade.[2]

General information[edit]

The fishing village of Veiholmen
View of the Old Edøy Church

The municipality of Smøla was established on 1 January 1960 after the merger of the municipalities of Edøy, Brattvær, and Hopen. The initial population was 4,046. The boundaries have not changed since that time.[3]

Name[edit]

The municipality is named after the main island of Smøla (Old Norse: Smyl or Smjöl). The name is probably related to Modern Norwegian smule and smuldre which means "crumble", referring to the thousands of small islands and islets around the main island.[4] Researchers at the Technical University of Berlin have claimed that Smøla is the island which Pytheas called Thule (Greek: Θούλη, Thoúlē).[5]

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times; they were granted in 1989. The arms show two white seagulls on a red background. This design was chosen to highlight the fact that this is an island community and that is a common type of bird in the area.[6]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has three parishes within the municipality of Smøla. It is part of the Ytre Nordmøre deanery in the Diocese of Møre.

Churches in Smøla
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Year Built Location of the Church
Brattvær Brattvær Church 1917 Brattvær
Edøy Edøy Church 1885 Edøy
Old Edøy Church c. 1190 Edøya
Hopen Hopen Church 1892 Hopen

Geography[edit]

View of a boat in Smøla

The municipality of Smøla is located north of the town of Kristiansund, off the western coast of Norway. The municipality consists of the main island of Smøla and more than 3,000 smaller ones. The 214-square-kilometre (83 sq mi) main island is very flat, the highest peak reaches 63 metres (207 ft) above sea level. Almost all of the land area consists of marshes and cliffs; only 5% is cultivated into agricultural land. Other minor islands in the municipality include Edøya, Kuli, and Veiholmen. The municipality is separated from the rest of Norway by the Edøyfjorden to the south.

Due to the vast number of small islands surrounding Smøla, there are several lighthouses. The three most notable ones are Haugjegla Lighthouse (north of Smøla), Skalmen Lighthouse, (northwest of Smøla), and Tyrhaug Lighthouse (southeast of Smøla in the Edøyfjorden).

Scientists of the Institute of Geodesy and Geoinformationtechnique of the Technical University of Berlin were testing the antique maps of Ptolemy and recognized a pattern of calculation mistakes that occurred when one tried to convert the old coordinates from Ptolemy into modern cartographical maps. The scientists believe that, when one compensates for these mistakes, the mythological location Thule corresponds to the island of Smøla.[7]

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Smøla, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Smøla is made up of 21 representatives that are elected to four year terms. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:[8]

Smøla Kommunestyre 2015–2019
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
 Labour PartyArbeiderpartiet12
 Progress PartyFremskrittspartiet1
 Conservative PartyHøyre3
 Centre PartySenterpartiet3
 Liberal PartyVenstre2
Total number of members:21

Media[edit]

The newspaper Nordvestnytt has been published in Smøla since 1988.[9]

Energy[edit]

View of some wind turbines

On 5 September 2002, Statkraft announced the opening of the Smøla Wind Farm, a 40-megawatt (54,000 hp) wind project comprising twenty 2-MW wind turbines by Norway's King Harald V. This corresponds to phase one of the wind project, which when completed will have a total installed capacity of more than 110 megawatts (150,000 hp). Phase two was opened in September 2005 and included forty-eight 2.3-MW wind turbines. All in all, the wind energy production project consists of 68 windmills, making it among the largest wind projects in Europe. With a total generating capacity of 150 megawatts (200,000 hp), the Smøla wind farm's 68 turbines account for more than half of the installed wind power capacity in Norway. The total generating capacity is equivalent to 450 GWh of electricity per year, which corresponds to the average annual power consumption of 22,500 Norwegian households.[10]

Attractions[edit]

View of the Kulisteinen

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01.
  2. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2017). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-10-19.
  3. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  4. ^ Store norske leksikon. "Smøla" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2013-04-07.
  5. ^ "Dag og Tid".
  6. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2017-10-19.
  7. ^ Kleineberg, Andreas; Marx, Christian; Knobloch, Eberhard; Lelgemann, Dieter (2010). "Germania und die Insel Thule. Die Entschlüsselung von Ptolemaios´ "Atlas der Oikumene"". Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft.
  8. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2015.
  9. ^ Breivik Pettersen, Øyvind, ed. (2016-11-25). "Nordvestnytt". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2017-10-19.
  10. ^ "http://www.statkraft.com/presscentre/news/statkraft-takes-over-smola-ll.aspx". Statkraft. 25 August 2010. Archived from the original on 14 May 2011. Retrieved 2010-12-12. External link in |title= (help)

External links[edit]