Small batch whiskey
Small batch whiskey is whiskey produced by mixing the contents of a relatively small number of selected barrels. Small batch whiskeys are commercially positioned for the upper-premium market. The term is most commonly used for American whiskey but is sometimes used for other whiskeys as well. For example, the Bowmore distillery in Islay, Scotland, has produced a single malt Scotch whisky labeled as "small batch".
American small batch whiskeys are typically aged from six to nine years in oak barrels, but more limited series that are aged up to 23 years are also available. There are generally no clear criteria as to what defines a "small batch". For example, there are no federal regulations that define the use of the term in the United States. Many producers of whiskeys labeled as such do not provide a clear indication of what they mean by the term.
Small batch whiskey should not be confused with pot still distilling (a batch process) that is common for malt whiskey in Scotland and Ireland. The vast majority – and almost all major brands – of American whiskeys are produced from continuous column stills, also known as a Coffey still.
- George Dickel (Diageo) uses "approximately 10 barrels" of whiskey to make each batch of its Barrel Select Tennessee Whiskey brand.
- Willett Distillery (also known as Kentucky Bourbon Distillers), a producer of bourbon and rye whiskey, uses at most 12 barrels per batch for its small batch brands.
- Jefferson's Bourbon (Castle Brands) has a Jefferson's Reserve ("Very Small Batch") expression that gives its 750 ml bottles a number "x" out of 2,400 bottles in the batch. Assuming the angel's share and other losses amount to about 40%, this number of bottles equates to about 15 typical bourbon barrels per batch, each 53 US gallons (200 L) in size.
- Maker's Mark bourbon (Beam Suntory) says the traditional definition is a whiskey produced using "approximately 1,000 gallons or less (19 barrels) from a mash bill of around 200 bushels of grain".
- Bernheim Original wheat whiskey (Heaven Hill) says that a small batch would involve "typically no more than 100" barrels.
- Elijah Craig bourbon (Heaven Hill) has a brand expression that it describes on its label as "a true 'Small Batch' Bourbon before the term even existed" that is produced with "200 barrels or less". The batch size for the brand was increased from 100 to 200 barrels in January 2016 when the brand expression's 12-year age statement was also dropped.
Brands that bottle from small batches
- "Bourbon Review – Black Ridge Small Batch Bourbon". Modern Thirst. January 13, 2014. Retrieved 2016-04-12.
- "Bowmore Small Batch Single Malt Scotch Whisky – Review". The Casks. May 27, 2015. Retrieved 2017-12-04.
- "Smallbatch Bourbon Collection". 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2018-09-30.
- "The Beverage Alcohol Manual (BAM) - Chapter 1 Mandatory Label Information, Chapter 4 Class and Type Designation". The Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB). Retrieved 7 December 2013.
- "Barrel Select". George A. Dickel & Co. Retrieved 19 March 2013.
- Ken Miller, In a Willett state of mind at the Freakin' Frog, Las Vegas Weekly, October 8, 2011.
- Maker's Mark Distillery Tour in Loretto, KY Watch it made in the U.S.A.
- "Small batches | Maker's Mark Kentucky Straight Bourbon Handmade Whisky". Maker's Mark. Retrieved 2018-09-30.
- "Frequently Asked Questions – What does small batch mean?", Bernheim Original official web site.
- "See How it's Made". Elijah Craig bourbon official website. Retrieved May 30, 2018.
- Minnick, Fred (January 20, 2016). "Elijah Craig Small Batch Drops 12-yr Age Statement". Retrieved May 30, 2018.
- "Elijah Craig Small Batch Age Change (press release)". Heaven Hill Distilleries official website. January 22, 2016. Retrieved May 27, 2018.
- 1792 Bourbon
- Kentucky Bourbon Distillers company web site
- "Rebel Yell Small Batch Rye". Rebel Yell official web site. Retrieved 2016-04-12.
- Peters, Josh (June 22, 2015). "Rebel Yell Small Batch Rye Review". The Whiskey Jug. Retrieved 2016-04-12.