Small nucleolar RNA R41
|Small nucleolar RNA R41|
|RNA type||Gene; snRNA; snoRNA; CD-box|
Small nucleolar RNA R41 (also known as snoR41) is a non-coding RNA (ncRNA) molecule identified in plants which functions in the modification of other small nuclear RNAs (snRNAs). This type of modifying RNA is usually located in the nucleolus of the eukaryotic cell which is a major site of snRNA biogenesis. It is known as a small nucleolar RNA (snoRNA) and also often referred to as a guide RNA.
snoR41 belongs to the C/D box class of snoRNAs which contain the conserved sequence motifs known as the C box (UGAUGA) and the D box (CUGA). Most of the members of the box C/D family function in directing site-specific 2'-O-methylation of substrate RNAs.
snoR41 was identified by computational screening the rice Oryza sativa genome and is predicted to act as a methylation guide for 18S and 25S ribosomal RNA (rRNA). snoR41 has been alternatively named snoZ154 and snoZ231 in rice. The 18S methylation site is reported to be homologous to that targeted by U62 in humans but there appears to be little sequence similarity between the two snoRNAs.
- Galardi, S.; Fatica, A.; Bachi, A.; Scaloni, A.; Presutti, C.; Bozzoni, I. (October 2002). "Purified Box C/D snoRNPs Are Able to Reproduce Site-Specific 2'-O-Methylation of Target RNA in Vitro". Molecular and Cellular Biology. 22 (19): 6663–6668. doi:10.1128/MCB.22.19.6663-6668.2002. PMC . PMID 12215523.
- Page for Small nucleolar RNA R41 at Rfam
- Page for Small nucleolar RNA SNORD62 at Rfam
- plant snoRNA database
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