Small nucleolar RNA SNORA55

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Small nucleolar RNA SNORA55
RF00431.jpg
Identifiers
Symbol SNORA55
Alt. Symbols snoACA55
Rfam RF00431
Other data
RNA type Gene; snRNA; snoRNA; HACA-box
Domain(s) Eukaryota
GO 0006396 0005730
SO 0000594

Small nucleolar RNA SNORA55 (also known as ACA55) is a non-coding RNA (ncRNA) molecule which functions in the biogenesis (modification) of other small nuclear RNAs (snRNAs). This type of modifying RNA is located in the nucleolus of the eukaryotic cell which is a major site of snRNA biogenesis. It is known as a small nucleolar RNA (snoRNA) and also often referred to as a 'guide RNA'. ACA55 was originally cloned from HeLa cells[1] and belongs to the H/ACA box class of snoRNAs as it has the predicted hairpin-hinge-hairpin-tail structure, has the conserved H/ACA-box motifs and is found associated with GAR1 protein. snoRNA ACA55 is predicted to guide the pseudouridylation of U36 of 18S ribosomal RNA (rRNA). Pseudouridylation is the (isomerisation of the nucleoside uridine) to the different isomeric form pseudouridine.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kiss, Arnold M.; Jády, Beáta E.; Bertrand, Edouard; Kiss, Tamás (2004). "Human Box H/ACA Pseudouridylation Guide RNA Machinery". Molecular and Cellular Biology. 24 (13): 5797–5807. doi:10.1128/MCB.24.13.5797-5807.2004. PMC 480876Freely accessible. PMID 15199136. 

External links[edit]