Small nucleolar RNA SNORD17

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Small nucleolar RNA SNORD17
RF00567.jpg
Identifiers
Symbol SNORD17
Alt. Symbols snoHBI-43
Rfam RF00567
Other data
RNA type Gene; snRNA; snoRNA; C/D-box
Domain(s) Eukaryota
GO 0006396 0005730
SO 0000593
PDB structures PDBe

SNORD17 (also known as HBI-43) is a non-coding RNA (ncRNA) molecule which functions in the biogenesis (modification) of other small nuclear RNAs (snRNAs). This type of modifying RNA is located in the nucleolus of the eukaryotic cell which is a major site of snRNA biogenesis. It is known as a small nucleolar RNA (snoRNA) and also often referred to as a guide RNA.

HBI-43 belongs to the C/D box class of snoRNAs which contain the conserved sequence motifs known as the C box (UGAUGA) and the D box (CUGA). Most of the members of the box C/D family function in directing site-specific 2'-O-methylation of substrate RNAs.[1]

This snoRNA is the human orthologue of mouse HBI-43.[2] HBII-43 is predicted to guide 2'O-ribose methylation of 28s ribosomal RNA (rRNA) at position U3797.[3] This residue (U3797) is also predicted to be pseudouridylated (the uridine residue is converted to pseudouridine) by the H/ACA box snoRNA ACA48.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Galardi, S.; Fatica, A.; Bachi, A.; Scaloni, A.; Presutti, C.; Bozzoni, I. (October 2002). "Purified Box C/D snoRNPs Are Able to Reproduce Site-Specific 2'-O-Methylation of Target RNA in Vitro". Molecular and Cellular Biology. 22 (19): 6663–6668. doi:10.1128/MCB.22.19.6663-6668.2002. PMC 134041Freely accessible. PMID 12215523. 
  2. ^ Huttenhofer, Alexander; Kiefmann, Martin; Meier-Ewert, Sebastian; O'Brien, John; Lehrach, Hans; Bachellerie, Jean-Pierre; Brosius, Jürgen (1 June 2001). "RNomics: an experimental approach that identifies 201 candidates for novel, small, non-messenger RNAs in mouse". The EMBO Journal. 20 (11): 2943–2953. doi:10.1093/emboj/20.11.2943. PMC 125495Freely accessible. PMID 11387227. 
  3. ^ a b Lestrade, Laurent; Weber, Michel J. (2006). "snoRNA-LBME-db, a comprehensive database of human H/ACA and C/D box snoRNAs". Nucleic Acids Research. 34 (Supplement 1: Database Issue): D158–D162. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.105.7552Freely accessible. doi:10.1093/nar/gkj002. PMC 1347365Freely accessible. PMID 16381836. 

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