Small nucleolar RNA snoR639/H1

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Small nucleolar RNA snoR639/H1
Symbol snoR639
Rfam RF00291
Other data
RNA type Gene; snRNA; snoRNA; HACA-box
Domain(s) Eukaryota
GO 0006396 0005730
SO 0001263

Small nucleolar RNA snoR639 (also known as snoH1) is a non-coding RNA (ncRNA) molecule which functions in the biogenesis (modification) of other small nuclear RNAs (snRNAs). This type of modifying RNA is located in the nucleolus of the eukaryotic cell which is a major site of snRNA biogenesis. It is known as a small nucleolar RNA (snoRNA) and also often referred to as a 'guide RNA'.

snoR639 was originally identified in a study of Drosophila melanogaster minifly (mfl) gene; snoR639 resides in the intron of this gene.[1] It was later rediscovered by a large-scale RNomics effort.[2] snoR639 belongs to the H/ACA box class of snoRNAs as it has the predicted hairpin-hinge-hairpin-tail structure, has the conserved H/ACA-box motifs and is found associated with GAR1 protein.


  1. ^ Giordano, E; Peluso I; Senger S; Furia M (1999). "minifly, a Drosophila gene required for ribosome biogenesis". J Cell Biol. 144 (6): 1123–1133. doi:10.1083/jcb.144.6.1123. PMC 2150573Freely accessible. PMID 10087258. 
  2. ^ Yuan, G; Klambt C; Bachellerie JP; Brosius J; Huttenhofer A (2003). "RNomics in Drosophila melanogaster: identification of 66 candidates for novel non-messenger RNAs". Nucleic Acids Res. 31 (10): 2495–2507. doi:10.1093/nar/gkg361. PMC 156043Freely accessible. PMID 12736298. 

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