Smallest cardiac veins

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Smallest cardiac veins
Latin Venae cardiacae minimae,
venae cordis minimae
Gray's p.643
TA A12.3.01.013
FMA 71568
Anatomical terminology

The smallest cardiac veins or Thebesian veins or veins of Thebesius or vessels of Thebesius or vasa Thebesii are minute valveless veins in the walls of all four heart chambers. The veins are frequently confused with arterial fistula and a distinct set of artery connections eponymously referred to as the "vessels of Wearn".[1][2] The Thebesian veins are reportedly most abundant in the right atrium and least in the left ventricle. They drain the myocardium[3] and pass through the endocardial layer to empty mostly into the right atrium, but a few empty into the ventricles. This is different from most cardiac veins, which normally empty into the cardiac sinus, which then empties into the right atrium. The Thebesian venous network is considered an alternative (secondary) pathway of venous drainage of the myocardium.

The endocardial openings of the heart chambers that connect to the Thebesian veins are called the openings of smallest cardiac veins. Not every endocardial opening connects to the Thebesian veins as some connect to the vessels of Wearn which are arteries. Therefore, the endocardial opening must be traced to a vein before it is definitively called an opening of the smallest cardiac veins.

They are named after the German anatomist Adam Christian Thebesius, who described them in a 1708 treatise called Disputatio medica inauguralis de circulo sanguinis in corde.[4][5]


  1. ^ Snodgrass, Brett Thomas (1 July 2012). "Vessels Described by Thebesius and Pratt Are Distinct From Those Described by Vieussens and Wearn". The American Journal of Cardiology 110 (1): 160. doi:10.1016/j.amjcard.2012.04.005. PMID 22704295. 
  2. ^ Snodgrass, Brett (Available online 13 June 2014). Yunqing Li, Changman Zhou, ed. "Abstracts of IFAA Congress". Annals of Anatomy (Elsevier GmbH). 196S1: 4. doi:10.1016/j.aanat.2014.05.035. Retrieved 15 August 2014.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  3. ^ A. M. R. Agur; Arthur F. Dalley (2009). Grant's atlas of anatomy. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. pp. 53–. ISBN 978-0-7817-7055-2. Retrieved 31 October 2010. 
  4. ^ synd/4013 at Who Named It?
  5. ^ A. C. Thebesius. Disputatio medica inauguralis de circulo sanguinis in corde. Doctoral dissertation, Leiden, 1708.

External links[edit]