Smallspotted dart

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Smallspotted dart
Carangidae - Trachinotus baillonii.jpg
Trachinotus baillonii in Polynesia
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Carangidae
Genus: Trachinotus
Species:
T. baillonii
Binomial name
Trachinotus baillonii
(Lacépède, 1801)

The smallspotted dart (Trachinotus baillonii) is an Indo-Pacific species of pompano in the family Carangidae.[1][2]

Description[edit]

Trachinotus baillonii can reach a maximum length of 60 cm (24 in) in males and a maximum weight of 1.5 kg (3.3 lb).[2] The body color varies from silvery blue to grey above, with some small black spots on the flanks. The number of these spots increases with age. This fish is silvery white below. It has large, strong fins, a forked tail, and a narrow base. It feeds on small fishes.

Distribution and habitat[edit]

In the Maldives

This species is widespread in the Indo-Pacific, from the Red Sea and coast of East Africa to the Gambier Islands and southern Japan.[2][3] In the Marquesas Islands, it is replaced by the similar Marquesas dart (T. macrospilus).[3] The smallspotted dart is a reef-associated species. It can be found in lagoons and seaward reefs, usually in schools near the surface of waters.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ ITIS
  2. ^ a b c d Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2014). "Trachinotus baillonii" in FishBase. November 2014 version.
  3. ^ a b Smith-Vaniz, W.F.; S.J. Walsh (2019). "Indo-West Pacific Species of Trachinotus with Spots on Their Sides as Adults, with Description of A New Species Endemic to the Marquesas Islands (Teleostei: Carangidae)". Zootaxa. 4651 (1): 1–37. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4651.1.1.
  • Eschmeyer, William N., ed. 1998. Catalog of Fishes. Special Publication of the Center for Biodiversity Research and Information, n. 1, vol. 1-3. California Academy of Sciences. San Francisco, California, United States. 2905. ISBN 0-940228-47-5.
  • Fenner, Robert M.: The Conscientious Marine Aquarist. Neptune City, New Jersey, United States : T.F.H. Publications, 2001.
  • Helfman, G., B. Collette y D. Facey: The diversity of fishes. Blackwell Science, Malden, Massachusetts, United States, 1997.
  • Hoese, D.F. 1986: . A M.M. Smith y P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlín, Germany.
  • Maugé, L.A. 1986. A J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse y D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB Bruxelles; MRAC; y ORSTOM, Paris, France. Vol. 2.
  • Moyle, P. y J. Cech.: Fishes: An Introduction to Ichthyology, 4th. ed., Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, United States: Prentice-Hall. 2000.
  • Nelson, J.: Fishes of the World, 3rd. Ed. New York City, United States: John Wiley and Sons. 1994.
  • Wheeler, A.: The World Encyclopedia of Fishes, 2nd. Ed., London: Macdonald. 1985.