Smallwood, New York
|Smallwood, New York|
|CDP & hamlet|
Location of Smallwood in Sullivan County, New York
|• Total||1.6 sq mi (4.3 km2)|
|• Land||1.5 sq mi (4.0 km2)|
|• Water||0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)|
|Elevation||1,201 ft (366 m)|
|• Density||365.5/sq mi (141.1/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0965447|
Smallwood is in the southeast part of the Town of Bethel. It is a hamlet within the town of Bethel. It was founded in the 1920s as the vacation community "Mountain Lakes", but was later renamed after its founder A.N. Smallwood.
Smallwood is known for its early-20th century style style log cabins and camps constructed by immigrants in the 1930s. A unique feature of the community is that the original home construction materials were locally sourced: Smallwood cabins were constructed of wood lumbered and milled on site, and the distinctive stone fireplaces found in most cabins were built of limestone quarried in Smallwood in the 1920s to 1950s. Most of these historic cabin structures survive as both summer and year-round residences.
The Smallwood development as envisioned by developer A.N. Smallwood was originally a "restricted" community, i.e., homes were available only to individuals who were eligible for membership in the Mountain Lakes Country Club, which was restricted to "caucasians of the Christian faith", according to literature and sales brochures. This began to change in the 1940s, but many deeds contained restrictive covenants into the 1950s. In the past few decades, the community has become very diverse, comprising local year-round residents as well as summer-home owners who hail primarily from the New York metropolitan area and south Florida.
Running water for many Smallwood homes is only available on a seasonal basis from April to October. Other homes which have been winterized have wells.
Smallwood residents have access to Mountain Lake, located in the center of the community, as well as to a beach and community lodge, operated by the Smallwood Civic Association. Minnie Falls is a popular water fall and park operated by the Town of Bethel, and is part of White Lake Brook, which runs through the center of Smallwood. The Club at Smallwood, also located in the community, has a heated pool and recreational activities in summer months. Both the Civic Association and Club at Smallwood are open to dues-paying residents. Smallwood residents also have access to the adjacent Toronto Reservoir, which is located at the end of Pine Grove Road, and which has a public motor-boat launch for fishing and other boating activities.
Reasonable property values and welcoming neighbors have made Smallwood an attractive summer destination for those looking to escape from the fast pace of New York City.
Smallwood is located at (41.660573, -74.814507).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2), of which, 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (6.06%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 566 people, 259 households, and 148 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 365.5 per square mile (141.0/km²). There were 1,012 housing units at an average density of 653.5/sq mi (252.1/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 96.47% White, 0.88% African American, 0.71% Native American, 0.88% from other races, and 1.06% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.53% of the population.
There were 259 households out of which 22.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.3% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.5% were non-families. 36.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.86.
In the CDP, the population was spread out with 20.0% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 24.9% from 25 to 44, 30.7% from 45 to 64, and 19.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 97.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.4 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $46,845, and the median income for a family was $52,396. Males had a median income of $50,104 versus $50,375 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $31,035. About 6.9% of families and 8.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.3% of those under age 18 and 19.4% of those age 65 or over.