Smarden

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Smarden
St Michael the Archangel Smarden 1.jpg
St Michael the Archangel Church, Smarden
Smarden is located in Kent
Smarden
Smarden
Location within Kent
Area21.8 km2 (8.4 sq mi)
Population1,301 (Civil Parish 2011)[1]
• Density60/km2 (160/sq mi)
OS grid referenceTQ880243
Civil parish
  • Smarden
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townAshford
Postcode districtTN27
Dialling code01233
PoliceKent
FireKent
AmbulanceSouth East Coast
EU ParliamentSouth East England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Kent
51°10′34″N 0°45′28″E / 51.1761°N 0.7578°E / 51.1761; 0.7578Coordinates: 51°10′34″N 0°45′28″E / 51.1761°N 0.7578°E / 51.1761; 0.7578

Smarden is a civil parish and village, west of Ashford in Kent, South East England.

The village has the Anglican parish church of St Michael the Archangel which, because of its high scissor beam roof, is sometimes known as "The Barn of Kent".[2]

History[edit]

The earliest known date for Smarden is 1205, when Adam de Essex became the Rector of the parish. The area was covered by the forest of Anderida and when clearings were made, the River Beult (a tributary of the River Medway) formed the drainage channel. The local woollen industry was encouraged by King Edward III who brought weaver craftsmen over from Flanders to create what was to become one of England's biggest industries. Edward in recognition granted the village a Royal Charter in 1333 permitting them to hold a weekly market and an annual fair thus elevating the status from village to "Town". Elizabeth I, en route from Sissinghurst Castle to Boughton Malherbe in 1576, was so impressed by what she saw and ratified the previously granted Charter. A copy of the Charter hangs in the village church.[3]

Houses[edit]

The Cloth Hall, Smarden

Smarden became very prosperous and some fine houses were built in the 15th and 16th centuries, many of which remain today. The Cloth Hall (1430) is an example of a fifteenth-century yeoman's timber hall house. Although built as a farm it became the central clearing warehouse for the local cloth industry; the broad-cloth would have been taken from there to the port of Faversham.[3]

Jubilee House on Pluckley Road is a Grade II listed house built c. 1772.[4]

During the Second World War, houses in Smarden, such as Gilletts, were used to relocate evacuees from London.[5]

Geography[edit]

The area is drained by the headwaters of the two major rivers ultimately flowing north, via Maidstone to the west or Ashford to the east. These rivers are the River Medway and the River Stour however many of these headwaters are only seasonal. The civil parish has no A roads, motorways. It briefly has a railway which has a nearby station connected by almost straight lanes to the two major neighbourhoods, Headcorn railway station.

Amenities[edit]

Smarden has a Butcher's shop, as well as the West End House Art 'Gallery' (shop and gallery).[6] In 2019, Smarden's multi-purpose 'Post Office and Stores' closed. However, plans are underway to have a new Post Office in the village.

By the three main neighbourhoods are three mostly quite large, family-catering pubs: The Flying Horse, The Bell and The Chequers. Smaller Maltmans Hill and Haffenden Quarter are well linked and remain tied to the founding neighbourhood which bears the same name as the civil parish.

Other amenities in the village include:

  • Parish Council, PCC (Parocial Church Council)
  • FOSC (Friend's of Smarden Church)
  • Charter Hall
  • WI
  • Meals On Wheels
  • Volunteer Car Scheme
  • Smarden Youth
  • Cricket
  • Football
  • Good Neighbour Scheme
  • Local History Society
  • Primary School
  • Royal British Legion
  • Pre School
  • Gardeners Society
  • Baby and Toddler Group
  • The Smarden Players)
  • Conservative Association

Demography[edit]

The population rose by 79 between 2001 and 2011, as reported in the latest census.[7]

Past residents[edit]

Author and artist Mervyn Peake lived in Smarden in 1950.

Dorothy Crisp (1906–1987), an English author, political writer, publisher, chairman of the British Housewives' League, lived here. She married John Becker in London in 1945, but retained her maiden name, moved to the village and had two children. After the death of her husband, she moved to live in Sussex during the 1950s and 1960s and moved elsewhere in England.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 10 May 2014
  2. ^ Kent Resources Archived 2006-06-15 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ a b The Smarden Parish Guide
  4. ^ "Jubilee House, Smarden". Daily Telegraph.
  5. ^ One of Many: An evacuee's story
  6. ^ Art Gallery.
  7. ^ Ashford Borough Council Census 2001

External links[edit]

Media related to Smarden at Wikimedia Commons

Statistical civil parish overview - map