Smart mine refers to a number of next-generation land mine designs being developed by military forces around the world. These include mines designed to self-destruct or self-deactivate at the end of a conflict, and mines designed to re-deploy themselves if its neighbors detonate or are removed. The development of smart mines began as a response to the International Campaign to Ban Landmines as a way of reducing non-combatant and civilian injury.
Critics claim that new technology is unreliable, and that the perception of a "safe mine" will lead to increased deployment of land mines in future conflicts. Current guidelines allow for a 10% failure rate, leaving a significant number of mines to pose a threat. Additionally, in the case of self-destructing mines, civilians still are at risk of injury when the mine self-destructs and are denied access to land which has been mined.
As mines are inherently non-discriminate weapons even smart mines may injure civilians during a time of war. Many critics believe this to be unacceptable under international law. The human security paradigm is outspoken on the issue of the reduction in the use of land mines due to the extremely individual nature of their impact - a facet that is ignored by traditional security concerns which focus on military and state level security issues.
- "SMART AND DEADLY: The New Breed of Smart Mines". military.com.
- "The Need to Ban “Smart” or Self-Destructing AP Mines". banminesusa.org.