Martinus Smiglecius

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Martinus Smiglecius (another Latin variant: Martinus Leopolitanus, also Polish: Marcin Śmiglecki, Lithuanian: Martynas Smigleckis;[1] 11 November 1564 – 26 July 1618) was a Polish Jesuit philosopher, known for his erudite scholastic Logica, Ingolstadt 1618.

Life[edit]

He was born in Lvov c. 1564. He used the surname Lwowczyk, or Leopolitanus, and then later adopted the name Smiglecius (from Szmigel) because of his family background.[2]

After study in Rome, he returned in 1586 to the University of Vilnius. He wrote also a book on economics, O Lichwie (On Usury) (1596).[3] In 1599 he took part in a public disputation with the Protestants Marcin Janicki and Daniel Mikołajewski. It was recorded by Martin Gratian Gertich.[4]

The Logica[edit]

Marcin Śmiglecki's "Logica", first published in 1618 in Cracow, was reprinted several times, in particular at Oxford in 1634,[5] in 1638[6] and in 1658,[7][8] being used there as a textbook.[9] It harked back to Gregory of Rimini, discussing mental propositions.[10] As a textbook author his reputation survived in the satirical poem The Logicians Refuted,[11] attributed to both Jonathan Swift and Oliver Goldsmith. Samuel Johnson, writing in 1751 as a fictitious correspondent in The Rambler, claimed that as a student he "slept every night with Smiglecius on my pillow."[12]

Views[edit]

In a live controversy of the time, Smiglecius sided with Benedictus Pereyra against Giuseppe Biancani. The issue was the status of mathematical proof in physics, where Pereyra denied mathematics an essential status.[13]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.mokslasvu.mb.vu.lt/LT.php?content=publication&Id=166
  2. ^ Gino Roncaglia, Smiglecius on entia rationis (PDF)
  3. ^ http://www.lituanus.org/1981_2/81_2_01.htm
  4. ^ Edmund de Schweinitz, History of the Church Known as the Unitas Fratrum Or the Unity of the Brethren (1885), note p. 473.
  5. ^ http://data.bnf.fr/12100615/martin_smiglecki/
  6. ^ Śmiglecki, Marcin. Logica Martini Smiglecii: Selectis Disputationibus & Quæstionibus Illustrata. Oxoniæ: Excudebat Guil, 1638. Print.
  7. ^ Śmiglecki, Marcin. Logica Martini Smiglecii Societatis Iesv, S. Theologiae Doctoris: Selectis Disputationibus & Quaestionibus Illustrata Et in Duos Tomos Distributa : in Qua Quicquid in Aristotelico Organo Vel Cognitu Necessarium ... : Cum Indice Rerum Copioso. Oxonii: Excudebat A. Lichfield ... impensis H. Crypps, J. Godwin & R. Blagrave, 1658
  8. ^ http://www.nationaltrustcollections.org.uk/object/3174358
  9. ^ http://www.unesco.org/webworld/mdm/visite/vilnius/knygos/knygos/logika/migle/anglu/emmigle.htm
  10. ^ R. J. Ashworth, Traditional Logic, pp. 160-1 in Charles B. Schmitt, Quentin Skinner (editors), The Cambridge History of Renaissance Philosophy (1990).
  11. ^ s:The Logicians Refuted
  12. ^ https://archive.org/stream/worksofsamueljoh05johniala/worksofsamueljoh05johniala_djvu.txt
  13. ^ Paolo Mancosu, Philosophy of Mathematics and Mathematical Practice in the Seventeenth Century (1996), p. 13 and p. 19.