Smilevo

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Smilevo
Смилево
Village
Smilevo is located in Republic of Macedonia
Smilevo
Smilevo
Location within Macedonia
Coordinates: 41°09′18″N 21°06′40″E / 41.15500°N 21.11111°E / 41.15500; 21.11111Coordinates: 41°09′18″N 21°06′40″E / 41.15500°N 21.11111°E / 41.15500; 21.11111
Country  Macedonia
Population (2002)
 • Total 321
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)

Smilevo (Macedonian: Смилево) is a village in the Republic of Macedonia, municipality of Demir Hisar.

It is famous for the Ilinden-Preobrazhenie uprising which started in the village in the morning of August 2, 1903 (see Battle of Smilevo). The decision for the uprising was taken during the Smilevo congress of the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization (IMRO) from May 2 to May 7, 1903.

The village is the native place of Dame Gruev, one of the founders and most prominent leaders of IMRO. Smilevo also has a statue of Dame Gruev on one of its mountain sides. Below this mountainous terrain is the village. The village has one of the largest schools in the Demir Hisar municipality.

Geography[edit]

The village is situated in the southernmost part of Demir Hisar municipality on the foothills of Bigla mountain on 880 m above sea level on an area of 16.4 square kilometres, 1,400 ha of which are forests, 113 ha are pastures and 104 ha are cultivated area. It is 10 km from the Demir Hisar — Bitola road.

History[edit]

Museum dedicated to National Liberation Struggle
Women from Smilevo in national costume in 1913
Woman from Bitola, dressed in traditional costume from Smilevo, photographed in the studio of the brothers Manaki in Bitola, between 1898-1912

The village was the venue of the IMRO's Smilevo Congress of 1903, at which the decision for uprising against the Ottoman rule in Macedonia was taken by the most prominent members of IMRO.

It was attacked by IMRO's revolutionaries on August 2, 1903, which was marked as the beginning of the Ilinden uprising.

Economy[edit]

Smilevo people are traditionally masons who have worked on constructing houses and other objects in other villages and cities in the Republic of Macedonia, former Yugoslavia and abroad. In addition to this, many villagers are involved in producing charcoal, agriculture, forestry and other businesses in the surrounding cities and abroad.

Demographics[edit]

The population of the village is Macedonian. In 1961, the number of inhabitants was 1,158, while in 1994, the number decreased to 384 due to migration of the people to the cities.

Sights[edit]

Monastery of St. Peter and Paul

Near the village is one of the most beautiful monasteries in the country dedicated to St. Peter and Paul (Macedonian: Свети Петар и Павле, Sveti Petar i Pavle). It has been recently renovated.

On the hill above the village, there is a memorial park dedicated to Dame Gruev.

A museum dedicated to the Smilevo congress and the National Liberation Struggle was opened on the 100th anniversary of the Ilinden uprising in 2003.

Famous inhabitants[edit]

References[edit]