Smith & Wesson Model 317 kit gun

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Smith & Wesson Model 317 Kit Gun
Place of originUnited States
Mass12.5 oz (354.4 g)
Length7.19 in (18.3 cm)
Barrel length3 in (7.6 cm)

Cartridge.22 Long Rifle
Feed systemEight round cylinder
SightsHI-VIZ Front, adjustable rear

The Smith & Wesson Model 317 Kit Gun is the current version of over 60 years of the company's 'kit gun' line. The current version is a light, versatile, eight-shot, double-action revolver chambered for the .22 Long Rifle cartridge, manufactured by Smith & Wesson. Due to its low weight, it can be carried for hiking or camping and used for recreational shooting, while still providing an emergency back-up in case of danger.

Due to this light weight and small size, the Model 317 is quite easily concealed. With this in mind, an area of the butt of the gun is hollowed out. A transverse pin allows the use of a lanyard to carry the Model 317 under clothing.


The 317 was designed to be lighter than previous Smith & Wesson 'kit' guns carried for outdoor activities. Steel was replaced by titanium and aluminum for this purpose.[citation needed]

Between World War I and World War II, the kit bags carried by hunters, hikers, campers, and fisherman frequently had a small handgun inside. These kit bags carried many of the necessary items one might need when alone in the open country or forest. In 1935, the .357 Magnum was released by Smith & Wesson. It was said to be “The World’s Most Powerful Revolver.” After this came the more compact .22/.32 Target I-frame revolvers. The .22/.32 Kit Gun was so named because it was intended to be carried in a kit bag.[citation needed]

The Kit Gun line began as an I-Frame, .22 caliber 6-shot revolver in 1953, and its model designation at the time was 'Model of 1953'. This is sometimes called the 'pre-34'. In 1958, S&W renamed it as the Model 34 and began stamping the models thus. This production continued till the early 1960s, when the pistol was redesigned using the larger J-frame J-frame and marketed as the model 34-1. Due to the growing popularity of stainless steel revolvers, the .22/.32 Model 63 Kit Gun was released in 1977 (with the same design as the 34-1), the .22 WMR Model 651 in 1983, and the .32 Magnum Kit Gun in 1990.

There was a Kit Gun Airweight (Model 43) and a Kit Gun chambered in .22 Winchester Magnum Rimfire (.22 WMR, the Model 51), the Target version with 6" barrel (Model 35), as well as the standard Kit Gun. All three were available with adjustable sights. The Model 34 continued to be manufactured until 1991, but Model 43 and 51 production stopped in 1974.[citation needed] The model 63 stainless was replaced by the significantly lighter model 317 in the late 2000s.

Older Kit Guns have been replaced, and though some come in larger calibers, they are even lighter. This is due to advances in titanium and aluminum construction. There is the Model 317 .22 Long Rifle (.22LR) AirLite Kit Gun, the Model 337 .38 Special AirLite Kit Gun, and a .44 Special Kit Gun, the Model 396 AirLite Mountain Lite Kit Gun.

These revolvers have aluminum alloy frames and cylinders made of titanium (except the Model 317, whose cylinder is aluminum). While titanium is considerably lighter than steel, it is just as strong. The aluminum barrels have a steel liner.

Snub barrel variation[edit]

The Smith & Wesson Model 317 is the lighter, shorter version of the Model 317 Kit Gun. It is extremely light at just 10.8 oz / 306.2 g (unloaded). The model 63 stainless also comes in an 8-shot, 3-inch-barrel version.

References[edit] Guns Magazine, Oct, 2000