Smith Falls

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Smith Falls State Park
Nebraska State Park
Smith Falls, Nebraska 1.JPG
Country  United States
State  Nebraska
County Cherry
Nearest city Valentine
Elevation 2,310 ft (704 m) [1]
Coordinates 42°53′30″N 100°19′01″W / 42.89167°N 100.31694°W / 42.89167; -100.31694Coordinates: 42°53′30″N 100°19′01″W / 42.89167°N 100.31694°W / 42.89167; -100.31694 [1]
Area 250 acres (101 ha)
Established 1992
Management Nebraska Game and Parks Commission
Location in Nebraska
Website: Smith Falls State Park
SmithFallsNE.jpg
Smith Falls
Location Cherry County, Nebraska[2]
Type Cascade
Total height 63 feet (19 m)

Smith Falls, at 63 feet (19 m), is the highest waterfall in the state of Nebraska and the centerpiece of Smith Falls State Park. The state park and falls are located 12 miles (19 km) east of Valentine, Nebraska, adjacent to the Niobrara National Scenic River. Access to the falls is via a footbridge across the river from the north side of the park.[3]

History[edit]

First known as Arikaree Falls,[4] the waterfall bears the name of Frederic Smith, a homesteader who filed the first patent on the parcel of land in 1896. The site was subsequently owned by Fred Krzyzanowski, who purchased it in 1941, adding a picnic area and campground to capitalize on its popularity among tourists. The Nebraska Game and Parks Commission established the 250-acre (100 ha) Smith Falls State Park in 1992.[5]

Footbridge

In 1996, the historic Verdigre bridge was moved to the park and reconfigured as a footbridge spanning the Niobrara River. The bridge had been previously located at the mouth of Verdigre Creek, then had been moved to carry traffic on Highway 14 in the village of Verdigre,[6] before being dismantled in 1991,[7] then reassembled as a restored 160-foot-long iron truss span at the park in 1996.[4]

Natural history[edit]

The falls are on a short spring-fed stream that plunges into a small canyon on the south side of the Niobrara. As the canyon is narrow and sheltered from direct sunlight, it is much cooler than the surrounding landscape; this allows a unique set of flora to grow that is atypical for the Sand Hills of Nebraska. The canyon is home to paper birch and an endemic hybrid grove of quaking aspen and bigtooth aspen.

During the Wisconsin glaciation that ended around 10,000 years ago, north-central Nebraska was much cooler than it is today. The ice age climate supported boreal forest trees like birches, spruces, and aspens, all of which currently predominate in Canada. As the glaciers retreated, so did the boreal forest, which is ill-suited for hot, dry summers. However, the cool canyons along the Niobrara sheltered some of these trees.

The spruce trees did not survive in Nebraska; the nearest extant population is in the Black Hills of South Dakota. A small population of paper birches and aspens survive, protected by the cool microclimates of the small canyons that feed into the Niobrara River. The continued survival of these trees is threatened by warming temperatures. The paper birch population around Smith Falls is not currently reproducing, and may soon die out.[8]

Activities and amenities[edit]

Smith Falls State Park offers tent camping, canoeing, fishing, hiking, and picnicking facilities.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Smith Falls State Park". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 
  2. ^ "Smith Falls". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 
  3. ^ a b "Smith Falls State Park". Nebraska Game and Parks Commission. Retrieved January 11, 2017. 
  4. ^ a b "River Guide 3: Berry Bridge to Brewer Bridge" (PDF). Niobrara National Scenic River. National Park Service. Retrieved October 16, 2017. 
  5. ^ "Smith Falls State Park Brochure" (PDF). Nebraska Game and Parks Commission. June 15, 2015. Retrieved October 16, 2017. 
  6. ^ "The Bridges of the Niobrara" (PDF). Niobrara National Scenic River. National Park Service. Retrieved October 16, 2017. 
  7. ^ "Nebraska moves and rehabs old truss bridge". The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Retrieved October 16, 2017. 
  8. ^ Lynch, Ryan (August 20, 2005). "'Crossroads of biodiversity' at crossroads of climate change". Lincoln Journal Star. Guest View. Lincoln, Neb. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved August 10, 2007. 

External links[edit]