Smithers, British Columbia

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Smithers
Town
Town of Smithers[1]
Main Street Smithers (1989)
Main Street Smithers (1989)
Coat of arms of Smithers
Coat of arms
Smithers is located in British Columbia
Smithers
Smithers
Location of Smithers in British Columbia
Coordinates: 54°46′55″N 127°10′05″W / 54.78194°N 127.16806°W / 54.78194; -127.16806Coordinates: 54°46′55″N 127°10′05″W / 54.78194°N 127.16806°W / 54.78194; -127.16806
Country  Canada
Province  British Columbia
Regional District Regional District of Bulkley-Nechako
Founded 1913
Incorporated (village) 1921
Incorporated (town) 1967
Government
 • Mayor Taylor Bachrach
 • Governing Body Smithers Town Council
 • MP Nathan Cullen (NDP)
 • MLA Doug Donaldson (NDP)
Area
 • Total 15.27 km2 (5.90 sq mi)
Elevation 490 m (1,610 ft)
Population (2016)
 • Total 5,351[2]
 • Density 514.9/km2 (1,334/sq mi)
Time zone Pacific Time Zone (UTC−8)
 • Summer (DST) Pacific Daylight Time (UTC−7)
Postal code span V0J
Area code(s) 250, 778
Demonym Smithereen
Website www.smithers.ca

Smithers is a town in northwestern British Columbia, Canada, approximately halfway between Prince George and Prince Rupert. Smithers is located in the Regional District of Bulkley-Nechako. With a population of 5,351 in 2016, Smithers is a service area for most of the Bulkley Valley.

History[edit]

The Bulkley Valley in which Smithers is situated was inhabited by the Wet'suwet'en First Nation. Smithers was founded in 1913 as the regional headquarters for the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway. The new community was named after the railway's chairman of the board of directors, Sir Alfred Smithers. In 1921, Smithers became the first incorporated village in British Columbia.[3] In 1967, Smithers was incorporated as a town. Driftwood Canyon Provincial Park, 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) from Smithers was created in 1967.

Civic orientation[edit]

The town was surveyed in 1913 and a street grid pattern was established that is still very much evident today. Historically, intensive development has been oriented towards Main Street as the prime commercial focus with residential development radiating outward from the commercial core. The traditional downtown was punctuated by important civic structures — the (old) courthouse at the intersection of Main Street with Hwy 16 or by community focal points — the Canadian National Railway station at the western end of Main Street. This pattern has been sustained by the preservation of the old courthouse, as well as the establishment of a major civic park around the cenotaph. The ongoing restoration of the CN railway station as a community resource centre is a further measure to improve the town.

The Smithers railway station is served by Via Rail's Jasper – Prince Rupert train.

Culture[edit]

Smithers and the Bulkley Valley have often been described by non-residents as being distinct from the rest of Northern British Columbia. Many factors contribute to the composition of society in Smithers, including the arts, environmental protection, and local industries such as forestry and mining.

Smithers has adopted an alpine theme, which is drawn from the geography of the area. A town bylaw requires businesses in the downtown area centred on Main Street to construct their buildings in an alpine style. A fibreglass statue of a man blowing an alpine horn, commonly referred to as The Alpenman or Alpine Al, is located at the entrance to the main street and has become the town symbol. Similarly, the Smithers chamber of commerce displays an Alpine Al costume at community events and in television advertisements for the town's businesses.

Residents of Smithers are called Smithereens which remains a more popularly accepted demonym than the sometimes used 'Smitherite'.[4][5]

Smithereens have a particularly strong environmental ethic. In 2006, over 600 Smithereens took to the streets to voice their opposition to a proposed coalbed methane gas field near Telkwa,[6] which they claimed would threaten local water quality, landscape integrity and wild salmon populations.

Likewise a proposal by Thompson Creek Metals to develop a molybdenum mine to extract the Davidson deposit on Hudson Bay Mountain near the town was vigorously opposed over a period of years before TCM abandoned the project.

Smithers and the Bulkley Valley are home to many musicians, including Juno-Award-winning Alexis Puentes. The biggest assembly of musical talent happens during the annual Mid-Summer Music Festival in late June. Over the years, the Mid-Summer Music Festival has seen some famous acts like Spirit of the West and the Barenaked Ladies and has drawn audiences and participants from all across North America.

The Della Herman Theatre, named after a longtime resident and former school board official, is the primary venue for shows and performances, though several pubs and even open fields serve as secondary performance venues. Numerous organizations including the Bulkley Valley Community Arts Council operate to keep music and other artistic activities vibrant.

Demographics[edit]

Canada 2016 Census[7]
Smithers British Columbia
Median age 39.3 years 43 years
Under 15 years old 18% 14.9%
Between 15 to 60 years old 66.1% 66.9%
65 years old and over 15.8% 18.3%
85 years old and over 2.6% 2.3%

The latest census, taken in 2016, recorded 5,351 residents in 1,435 families of an average size of 2.9 persons.

Canada 2016 Census Population % of Total Population
Visible minority group
Source:[8]
Chinese 70 1.3%
South Asian 25 0.5%
Black 65 1.2%
Filipino 75 1.4%
Latin American 20 0.4%
Arab 20 0.4%
Southeast Asian 25 0.5%
West Asian 0 0%
Korean 15 0.3%
Japanese 25 0.5%
Other visible minority 0 0%
Mixed visible minority 10 0.2%
Total visible minority population 340 6.4%
Aboriginal group
Source:[9]
First Nations 435 8.2%
Métis 100 1.9%
Inuit 0 0%
Total Aboriginal population 555 10.5%
European Canadian 4,395 83.1%
Total population 5,290 100%

Notable residents[edit]

Hockey players[edit]

Despite its small population, Smithers has produced several notable professional ice hockey players:

Others[edit]

Geography[edit]

West of Smithers are Moricetown, New Hazelton, Kitwanga, Terrace, Kitimat, Port Edward and Prince Rupert. East of Smithers are Telkwa, Houston, Topley, Burns Lake, Fraser Lake, Fort Fraser, Vanderhoof and Prince George.

Climate[edit]

Smithers has a borderline humid continental/subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb/Dfc).[10] Winters are cold and cloudy but highly variable with a January average of −7.2 °C (19.0 °F). Snow is the main type of precipitation during winter. Warm spells can push temperatures above freezing during the winter months, while cold weather systems can reduce the temperature to less than −20.0 °C (−4.0 °F).[11] The average annual snowfall is 183 centimetres (72.0 in) with maximum accumulations of snow tending to happen in February when the average snow depth is 29 centimetres (11.4 in) and there are many months when the snow depth reaches or surpasses 20 centimetres (7.9 in).[11] Summers are warm with average highs of about 22 °C (71.6 °F) and an extreme high of 36 °C (96.8 °F). Nighttime temperatures are often cool with normal nighttime lows under 10 °C (50.0 °F). Depending on the year there may be very little or a lot of precipitation.[11] Spring and fall are short transition seasons. Smithers receives an average of 509 millimetres (20 in) of precipitation a year with February through April being the driest months. Smithers receives 1621 hours of bright sunshine a year, ranging from a minimum of 12% of possible sunshine in December to a maximum of 47% of possible sunshine in August.[11]

Climate data for Smithers Airport
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high humidex 15 11 18.5 25.5 35.2 35.2 38.1 37.3 32.9 23.7 14 12.9 38.1
Record high °C (°F) 15.6
(60.1)
11.9
(53.4)
18.9
(66)
25.8
(78.4)
35.8
(96.4)
34.2
(93.6)
36
(97)
35.2
(95.4)
31.1
(88)
24.4
(75.9)
15.6
(60.1)
13.6
(56.5)
36
(97)
Average high °C (°F) −3.5
(25.7)
0.2
(32.4)
5.2
(41.4)
10.9
(51.6)
15.9
(60.6)
19.4
(66.9)
21.6
(70.9)
21.3
(70.3)
15.8
(60.4)
8.8
(47.8)
1
(34)
−3.6
(25.5)
9.4
(48.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) −7.2
(19)
−4.4
(24.1)
0.1
(32.2)
4.8
(40.6)
9.4
(48.9)
13
(55)
15.2
(59.4)
14.6
(58.3)
9.9
(49.8)
4.4
(39.9)
−2.1
(28.2)
−7.1
(19.2)
4.2
(39.6)
Average low °C (°F) −11
(12)
−8.8
(16.2)
−4.9
(23.2)
−1.3
(29.7)
2.9
(37.2)
6.5
(43.7)
8.6
(47.5)
7.9
(46.2)
4
(39)
−0.1
(31.8)
−5.2
(22.6)
−10.7
(12.7)
−1
(30)
Record low °C (°F) −43.9
(−47)
−35.6
(−32.1)
−33.3
(−27.9)
−18.3
(−0.9)
−7.2
(19)
−4.1
(24.6)
−1.1
(30)
−2.2
(28)
−6.7
(19.9)
−22
(−8)
−32.4
(−26.3)
−39
(−38)
−43.9
(−47)
Record low wind chill −47.2 −43.8 −40.4 −22.3 −7.4 −3 0 −2 −8 −30.4 −45.5 −50.1 −50.1
Average precipitation mm (inches) 42.7
(1.681)
23.4
(0.921)
20.6
(0.811)
23.8
(0.937)
38.1
(1.5)
55.2
(2.173)
45.6
(1.795)
43.8
(1.724)
53.8
(2.118)
64.8
(2.551)
55
(2.17)
41.9
(1.65)
508.5
(20.02)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 10.1
(0.398)
5.5
(0.217)
6.7
(0.264)
18.7
(0.736)
37.4
(1.472)
55.2
(2.173)
45.6
(1.795)
43.8
(1.724)
53.8
(2.118)
56.9
(2.24)
25.6
(1.008)
8
(0.31)
367.2
(14.457)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 44.5
(17.52)
23.5
(9.25)
16.7
(6.57)
5.6
(2.2)
0.7
(0.28)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
8.6
(3.39)
37.4
(14.72)
45.6
(17.95)
182.7
(71.93)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 16.1 11.2 10.1 9.6 11.9 13.5 12.4 12.3 13.8 17.3 16.2 15.4 159.6
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 3.6 3.2 4.3 7.6 11.8 13.5 12.4 12.3 13.8 15.7 7.3 3 108.4
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 14.9 9.7 7.3 3 0.5 0 0 0 0 2.8 12.1 14.6 65
Average relative humidity (%) 78.3 66.7 52.8 43.6 42.8 48.3 50.8 50.4 57.1 66.7 79.1 82.3 59.9
Mean monthly sunshine hours 42.5 75.8 128 177 217.8 216.6 239.6 217.2 152.7 87.5 39.7 26.4 1,620.7
Percent possible sunshine 17.4 27.8 34.9 41.9 43.7 41.9 46.2 46.9 39.8 26.8 15.6 11.6 32.9
Source: [11]

Transportation[edit]

Smithers Airport underwent a runway extension completed in the summer of 2008 that allows the landing of smaller jet aircraft.[12] Central Mountain Air is based in Smithers.

Smithers is also served by VIA Rail's Jasper-Prince Rupert three times a week in each direction as a scheduled stop.

Movies and television[edit]

Media[edit]

Television[edit]

Smithers is served by four television stations, rebroadcast using transmitters owned by the Houston-Smithers Rebroadcasting Society:[13]

Call sign Channel Network Notes
CBCY-PT-2
5 (VHF)
CTV Two Community-owned rebroadcaster of CFTK-TV (Terrace)
CFHO-TV-2
10 (VHF)
Global Community-owned rebroadcaster of CHAN-DT (Vancouver)
CFHO-TV-1
13 (VHF)
CTV Community-owned rebroadcaster of CIVT-DT (Vancouver)
CH4441
20 (UHF)
Knowledge Network Community-owned rebroadcaster

Radio[edit]

Smithers is served by six radio stations:

Call sign Frequency Name Format Notes
CFBV
870 AM
The Moose Adult contemporary
CKEW-FM
88.1 FM
CBC Radio 2 Adult contemporary, public radio Community-owned rebroadcaster of CBU-FM (Vancouver)
CJFW-FM-6
92.9 FM
CJFW Country music Rebroadcaster of CJFW-FM (Terrace)
CICK-FM
93.9 FM
Smithers Community Radio Community radio
VF2169
95.1 FM
CFNR Classic rock, First Nations community radio Rebroadcaster of CFNR-FM (Terrace)
CBRS-FM
97.5 FM
CBC Radio One Public radio Rebroadcaster of CBYG-FM (Prince George)

Recreation[edit]

Twin Falls near Smithers

Smithers is known for its world class skiing and fishing (in particular for steelhead). Other popular activities include soccer, volleyball, hockey, baseball, downhill mountain biking, cross-country skiing, hiking, quadding and snowmobiling. Smithers offers a variety of extreme sports, for example quadding in the back country, snowmobiling in the surrounding mountains, paragliding, or mountain biking down Hudson Bay Mountain. Smithers is known for its variety of recreation.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "British Columbia Regional Districts, Municipalities, Corporate Name, Date of Incorporation and Postal Address" (XLS). British Columbia Ministry of Communities, Sport and Cultural Development. Retrieved November 2, 2014. 
  2. ^ Census Profile, 2016 Census, Statistics Canada, accessed Oct. 21, 2017
  3. ^ "Smithers". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 27 November 2017. 
  4. ^ "Smithers Public Library, A Short History". Smithers Public Library. Retrieved 19 April 2016. 
  5. ^ Gareau, Chris (12 December 2012). "Cummins shares plans to improve B.C. budget with Smithereens". The Interior News. Retrieved 27 November 2017. 
  6. ^ concernedaboutcbm.org
  7. ^ Statistics Canada, Community Highlights for Smithers[permanent dead link], 2001 Community Profiles, October 23, 2007.
  8. ^ "Community Profiles from the 2011 Census, Statistics Canada – Census Subdivision". 2.statcan.gc.ca. 6 December 2010. Archived from the original on 10 April 2014. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  9. ^ "Aboriginal Peoples – Data table". 2.statcan.ca. 6 October 2010. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  10. ^ "Climatic Regions [Köppen]". Atlas of Canada. Natural Resources Canada. June 2003. Retrieved December 24, 2012. 
  11. ^ a b c d e "Canadian Climate Normals 1981-2010 Station Data - Climate - Environment and Climate Change Canada". Environment Canada. Retrieved July 15, 2018. 
  12. ^ Smithers Regional Airport
  13. ^ "About Us". Houston-Smithers Rebroadcasting Society. Retrieved 31 August 2015. 

External links[edit]