Smithfield, Rhode Island

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Smithfield, Rhode Island
Location in Providence County and the state of Rhode Island.
Location in Providence County and the state of Rhode Island.
Coordinates: 41°55′18″N 71°32′58″W / 41.92167°N 71.54944°W / 41.92167; -71.54944
CountryUnited States
StateRhode Island
CountyProvidence
Incorporated1731
Named forSmithfield, London
Government
 • TypeCouncil-manager
 • Town CouncilSuzanna L. Alba (D)
Sean M. Kilduff (D)
T. Michael Lawton (D)
Angelica Bovis (D)
David P. Tikoian (D)
 • Town ManagerRandy Rossi
Area
 • Total27.8 sq mi (71.9 km2)
 • Land26.6 sq mi (68.9 km2)
 • Water1.2 sq mi (3.1 km2)
Elevation367 ft (112 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total22,118
 • Density831.5/sq mi (311.0/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP Codes
02828, 02917, 02814
Area code401
FIPS code44-66200[2]
GNIS feature ID1219817[1]
Websitesmithfieldri.com

Smithfield is a town that is located in Providence County, Rhode Island, United States. It includes the historic villages of Esmond, Georgiaville, Mountaindale, Hanton City, Stillwater and Greenville. The population was 22,118 at the 2020 census. Smithfield is the home of Bryant University, a private four year college.

History[edit]

Greenville Bank at the turn of the twentieth century

The area comprising modern-day Smithfield was first settled in 1663 as a farming community by several British colonists, including John Steere.[3] The area was originally within the boundaries of Providence until 1731 when Smithfield was incorporated as a separate town. The town was named after John Smith, a first settler of Providence, according to the town's official website.[4]

Chief Justice Peleg Arnold lived in early Smithfield, and his 1690 home still stands today. There was an active Quaker community in early 18th century Smithfield that extended along the Great Road, from what is today Woonsocket, north into south Uxbridge, Massachusetts. This Quaker community, and its members, became influential in the abolition movement, with members such as Effingham Capron and Abby Kelley Foster, and also gave rise to other Quaker settlements including one at Adams, Massachusetts, where Susan B. Anthony was born as an early member. Elizabeth Buffum Chace is a well-known person from Smithfield who was influential in both the abolition of slavery, and the women's rights movement.

During the Industrial Revolution, Smithfield transformed from an agrarian community to a manufacturing center, with several textiles mills being founded along the Woonasquatucket River by the mid-1800s.

In 1871, the towns of North Smithfield, Lincoln, and Central Falls became separate municipalities. The colonial ghost town of Hanton City is located within the boundaries of present-day Smithfield, but was a completely separate community in the eighteenth century.

In 1943, a U.S. Army Air Corps Lockheed RB-34 crashed on Wolf Hill, killing all three servicemen aboard.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 71.9 km2 (27.8 mi2), of which 68.9 km2 (26.6 mi2) of is land and 3.1 km2 (1.2 mi2) of is water. The total area is 4.25% water.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
17903,171
18003,120−1.6%
18103,82822.7%
18204,67822.2%
18306,85746.6%
18409,53439.0%
185011,50020.6%
186013,28315.5%
18702,605−80.4%
18803,08518.4%
18902,500−19.0%
19002,107−15.7%
19102,73930.0%
19203,19916.8%
19303,96724.0%
19404,61116.2%
19506,69045.1%
19609,44241.1%
197013,46842.6%
198016,88625.4%
199019,16313.5%
200020,6137.6%
201021,4304.0%
202022,1183.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]

As of the 2020 United States Census, Smithfield has 22,118 residents with a median age of 43.7 years and 15.4% of the population under the age of 18. The racial makeup as of 2020 was 84.7% White, 1.2% African Americans, 0.2% Native American, 7.5% Asian, 1.8% from other races and 4.3% of two or more races. Hispanic and Latino of any race made up 3.7% of the population.[6] The median household income is $85,337 and 3.4% of the population live below the poverty line.[7]

Education[edit]

Smithfield contains three public elementary schools (Pleasant View, Raymond LaPerche, and Old County Road School), a middle school (Vincent J. Gallagher Middle School) and a public high school, Smithfield High School which was ranked 17th out of 52 high schools in Rhode Island in 2006.[8] St. Phillip's School, a private Roman Catholic academy offering education in grades K–8, is situated in Greenville.[9] Mater Ecclesiae College, a Catholic college, was also located in the town in a facility that was formerly the St. Aloysius Orphanage until the college closed in 2015.[10][11] Partnered with Saint Raphael Academy[12] in Pawtucket, the private Catholic boarding school Overbrook Academy[13] currently resides those same facilities for middle school, high school, and summer camp programs.

Bryant University[edit]

Bryant University's campus

Bryant University, a private university with programs in business and the arts and sciences, is located in Smithfield.

In 1971, the University moved to its current campus in Smithfield when the founder of Tupperware, Earl Silas Tupper, a Bryant alumnus, donated the current 428 acres (1.73 km2) of land to be the new campus. The famous Bryant Archway was also relocated. The old Emin Homestead and Captain Joseph Mowry homestead occupied much of the land that makes up the present day Smithfield campus. The land was purchased and farmed for three generations between the late 19th century and the mid-20th century. Today, many descendants of the original Emin settlers still live near the Bryant campus. The school also claims a handful of family members as alumni and offers a scholarship for accounting students as a tribute to the Emin family. Historical pictures of the Emin Homestead can still be found in the Alumni house.[14]

Economy[edit]

Principal employers[edit]

According to Smithfield's 2021 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[15] the principal employers in the city are:

# Employer # of employees
1 Fidelity Investments 3,900
2 Bryant University 850
3 Town of Smithfield 500
4 Citizens Bank 400
5 Honeywell 300
6 Village at Waterman Lake 300
7 Stop & Shop 300
8 FGX International 250
9 Target Corporation 200
10 Rubius Therapeutics 100

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Smithfield, Rhode Island
  2. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "Smithfield Facts — Town of Smithfield, RI". www.smithfieldri.com. Retrieved 2022-02-02.
  4. ^ The Town of Smithfield. "The Town of Smithfield, Rhode Island". www.smithfieldri.com. Retrieved 2022-09-09.
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  6. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-02-02.
  7. ^ "Census Community Facts". Retrieved September 30, 2016.
  8. ^ /, PSK12.com. "Ranking of High Schools in Rhode Island". www.psk12.com. Retrieved 23 March 2018.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  9. ^ "Saint Philip School". www.stphilipschool.com.
  10. ^ "Me College – College vs. Job Experience options". www.mecollege.org. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
  11. ^ Thibeault, Melanie (November 19, 2014). "Mater Ecclesiae College will close". The Valley Breeze. Retrieved September 6, 2019.
  12. ^ "ACADEMICS – Overbrook Academy". overbrookacademy.org. Retrieved 2020-02-13.
  13. ^ "Overbrook Academy". overbrookacademy.org. Retrieved 2020-02-13.
  14. ^ "providencejournal.com: Local & World News, Sports & Entertainment in Providence, RI". providencejournal.com. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
  15. ^ https://smithfieldri.com/pdf/finance/FY2021_Smithfield_CAFR.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  16. ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607–1896. Marquis Who's Who. 1967.
  17. ^ "ARNOLD, Peleg, (1751 – 1820)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
  18. ^ "Sullivan Ballou Letter". PBS. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
  19. ^ "CAPRON, Adin Ballou, (1841 – 1911)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
  20. ^ "Elizabeth Buffum Chace and Lillie Chace Wyman". Quahog.org. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
  21. ^ "MACHTLEY, Ronald K., (1948 – )". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
  22. ^ "Bryant University President Ronald K. Machtley steps down after 24 years, leaving a transformed institution as his legacy". Bryant News. Retrieved 2022-02-02.
  23. ^ "MOWRY, Daniel, Jr., (1729 – 1806)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
  24. ^ Bender, Bryan (March 20, 2006). "At Pentagon, Iraq a round-the-clock effort". archive.boston.com. The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2022-02-02.
  25. ^ "Don Orsillo is right at home in the kitchen". Boston Globe. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
  26. ^ Martin, Jonathan; Swanson, Ana (2021-01-07). "Biden Picks Rhode Island Governor for Commerce Secretary". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2021-01-08.
  27. ^ "State of Rhode Island, Office of the Governor". Retrieved February 12, 2016.
  28. ^ "Biographical Sketches". Wisconsin Blue Book. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
  29. ^ J.H. Beers & Company (1908). Representative Men and Old Families of Rhode Island: Genealogical Records and Historical Sketches of Prominent and Representative Citizens and of Many of the Old Families. J.H. Beers & Company. p. 1643.
  30. ^ "David Wilkinson". ASME. Retrieved March 28, 2014.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°54′N 71°32′W / 41.900°N 71.533°W / 41.900; -71.533