Smithfield Township, Monroe County, Pennsylvania

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Smithfield Township
The Shawnee-Minisink Site
Location of Pennsylvania in the United States
Location of Pennsylvania in the United States
Coordinates: 41°02′00″N 75°06′59″W / 41.03333°N 75.11639°W / 41.03333; -75.11639Coordinates: 41°02′00″N 75°06′59″W / 41.03333°N 75.11639°W / 41.03333; -75.11639
CountryUnited States
StatePennsylvania
CountyMonroe
Area
 • Total23.59 sq mi (61.10 km2)
 • Land22.94 sq mi (59.41 km2)
 • Water0.65 sq mi (1.69 km2)
Elevation
840 ft (260 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total7,357
 • Estimate 
(2016)[2]
7,314
 • Density318.87/sq mi (123.12/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Area code(s)570
FIPS code42-089-71344

Smithfield Township is a township in Monroe County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 5,672 at the 2000 census.

History[edit]

"In 1746, the first action was taken for the formation of Smithfield Township, the first municipal division north of the Blue Mountains. The petition contained the names of twenty-seven landholders."[3] The township comprised all the settlements above the mountains. Originally in Bucks County, Smithfield Township was erected in 1748.[4] "In 1752, when Northampton County was set off from Bucks County, it comprised all of Smithfield which included what is now Lehigh, Carbon, Monroe, Pike and Wayne" Counties.[5]

The Shawnee-Minisink Site was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2007. Worthington Hall was listed in 1978 and delisted in 1986 after being demolished.[6]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 23.9 square miles (61.8 km2), of which, 23.2 square miles (60.0 km2) of it is land and 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2) of it (2.93%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
20005,672
20107,35729.7%
Est. 20167,314[2]−0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 5,672 people, 2,084 households, and 1,535 families residing in the township. The population density was 244.7 people per square mile (94.5/km2). There were 3,028 housing units at an average density of 130.6/sq mi (50.4/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 87.78% White, 5.62% African American, 0.44% Native American, 0.95% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 3.00% from other races, and 2.19% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.39% of the population.

There were 2,084 households, out of which 34.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.8% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.3% were non-families. 20.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the township the population was spread out, with 26.1% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, and 12.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.9 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $51,607, and the median income for a family was $57,526. Males had a median income of $40,863 versus $28,772 for females. The per capita income for the township was $23,627. About 5.2% of families and 9.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.7% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over.

Climate[edit]

According to the Trewartha climate classification system, Smithfield Township has a Temperate Continental climate (Dc) with warm summers (b), cold winters (o) and year-around precipitation (Dcbo). Dcbo climates are characterized by at least one month having an average mean temperature ≤ 32.0 °F (0.0 °C), four to seven months with an average mean temperature ≥ 50.0 °F (10.0 °C), all months with an average mean temperature < 72.0 °F (22.2 °C) and no significant precipitation difference between seasons. Although most summer days are slightly humid in Smithfield Township, episodes of heat and high humidity can occur with heat index values > 101 °F (38 °C). Since 1981, the highest air temperature was 100.0 °F (37.8 °C) on 07/22/2011, and the highest daily average mean dew point was 72.6 °F (22.6 °C) on 08/01/2006. July is the peak month for thunderstorm activity which correlates with the average warmest month of the year. The average wettest month is September which correlates with tropical storm remnants during the peak of the Atlantic hurricane season. Since 1981, the wettest calendar day was 6.27 inches (159 mm) on 10/08/2005. During the winter months, the plant hardiness zone is 6a with an average annual extreme minimum air temperature of −5.8 °F (−21.0 °C).[9] Since 1981, the coldest air temperature was −18.4 °F (−28.0 °C) on 01/21/1994. Episodes of extreme cold and wind can occur with wind chill values < −17 °F (−27 °C). The average snowiest month is January which correlates with the average coldest month of the year. Ice storms and large snowstorms depositing ≥ 12 inches (30 cm) of snow occur once every couple of years, particularly during nor’easters from December through March.

Climate data for Smithfield Twp, Elevation 620 ft (189 m), 1981-2010 normals, extremes 1981-2018
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 68.4
(20.2)
76.7
(24.8)
86.0
(30.0)
94.2
(34.6)
94.5
(34.7)
95.2
(35.1)
100.0
(37.8)
98.5
(36.9)
96.2
(35.7)
87.9
(31.1)
79.2
(26.2)
71.0
(21.7)
100.0
(37.8)
Average high °F (°C) 35.6
(2.0)
39.4
(4.1)
48.4
(9.1)
61.1
(16.2)
71.5
(21.9)
79.5
(26.4)
83.3
(28.5)
81.9
(27.7)
74.7
(23.7)
63.2
(17.3)
51.9
(11.1)
40.0
(4.4)
61.0
(16.1)
Daily mean °F (°C) 26.4
(−3.1)
29.4
(−1.4)
37.4
(3.0)
48.7
(9.3)
58.8
(14.9)
67.5
(19.7)
71.8
(22.1)
70.4
(21.3)
63.1
(17.3)
51.5
(10.8)
41.8
(5.4)
31.4
(−0.3)
49.9
(9.9)
Average low °F (°C) 17.2
(−8.2)
19.4
(−7.0)
26.4
(−3.1)
36.3
(2.4)
46.1
(7.8)
55.5
(13.1)
60.3
(15.7)
59.0
(15.0)
51.4
(10.8)
39.7
(4.3)
31.7
(−0.2)
22.8
(−5.1)
38.9
(3.8)
Record low °F (°C) −18.4
(−28.0)
−9.0
(−22.8)
−0.7
(−18.2)
14.1
(−9.9)
27.4
(−2.6)
36.3
(2.4)
42.5
(5.8)
37.9
(3.3)
29.9
(−1.2)
19.7
(−6.8)
5.6
(−14.7)
−7.4
(−21.9)
−18.4
(−28.0)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.38
(86)
2.96
(75)
3.63
(92)
4.10
(104)
4.42
(112)
4.47
(114)
4.49
(114)
4.38
(111)
4.94
(125)
4.75
(121)
4.00
(102)
4.07
(103)
49.59
(1,260)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 12.3
(31)
8.9
(23)
9.2
(23)
2.2
(5.6)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.1
(0.25)
2.3
(5.8)
7.4
(19)
42.4
(108)
Average relative humidity (%) 69.3 64.2 59.6 57.1 61.5 68.6 68.8 71.6 72.5 70.4 69.3 70.5 67.0
Average dew point °F (°C) 17.7
(−7.9)
18.8
(−7.3)
24.6
(−4.1)
34.2
(1.2)
45.6
(7.6)
56.8
(13.8)
61.0
(16.1)
60.8
(16.0)
54.1
(12.3)
42.2
(5.7)
32.5
(0.3)
22.9
(−5.1)
39.4
(4.1)
Source: PRISM[10]

Ecology[edit]

According to the A. W. Kuchler U.S. potential natural vegetation types, Smithfield Township would have a dominant vegetation type of Appalachian Oak (104) with a dominant vegetation form of Eastern Hardwood Forest (25).[11] The peak spring bloom typically occurs in late-April and peak fall color usually occurs in mid-October. The plant hardiness zone is 6a with an average annual extreme minimum air temperature of −5.8 °F (−21.0 °C).[9]

See also[edit]

Smithfield SDA Church

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 14, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. ^ Luther S. Hoffman, The Unwritten History of Smithfield Township, Monroe County, Pennsylvania (East Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania: The Artcraft Press, 1938), p. 4.
  4. ^ "Local History Articles," database, Monroe County [Pennsylvania] Historical Association (http://www.monroehistorical.org/articles_files/022211_smithhamtwp.html: accessed 24 September 2018), Our earliest townships: Smithfield and Hamilton, by Amy Leiser, February 02, 2011.
  5. ^ Luther S. Hoffman, The Unwritten History of Smithfield Township, Monroe County, Pennsylvania (East Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania: The Artcraft Press, 1938), p. 4.
  6. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  9. ^ a b "USDA Interactive Plant Hardiness Map". United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved September 6, 2019.
  10. ^ "PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University". Retrieved September 6, 2019.
  11. ^ "U.S. Potential Natural Vegetation, Original Kuchler Types, v2.0 (Spatially Adjusted to Correct Geometric Distortions)". Retrieved September 6, 2019.

External links[edit]