Ulmus × hollandica 'Smithii'

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Ulmus × hollandica
Leaf of U. x hollandica 'Smithii'.jpg
Leaf of 'Smithii'
Hybrid parentage U. glabra × U. minor
Cultivar 'Smithii'
Origin Nottingham, England

The hybrid elm cultivar Ulmus × hollandica 'Smithii', commonly known as the Downton Elm, was one of a number of cultivars arising from the crossing of the Wych Elm U. glabra with the Field Elm U. minor. The tree was originally planted at Downton Castle[1] near Ludlow, as one of a batch raised at Smith's Nursery, Worcester, England, from seeds obtained from a tree in Nottingham in 1810. Some Victorian writers confused 'Smithii' with U. glabra 'Horizontalis' because both featured weeping branches.[1]


'Smithii' made a small tree < 10 m high, with ascending branches bearing long pendulous shoots. The oval leaves are dark green and glabrous above, < 8.5 cm long by 4.0 cm wide, long acuminate at the apex.[2][3]


'Smithii' was grown at the Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, and at the National Botanic Gardens [2], Glasnevin, Ireland, before the First World War.[4]

The Direction des Espaces Verts et de l'Environnement (DEVE) - Ville de Paris lists a 'Smithii' at the Square Louise-Michel, Paris (1990).[5]



  1. ^ Hanham, F. (1857). A Manual for the Park (Royal Victoria Park, Bath). Longman, London.
  2. ^ Green, Peter Shaw (1964). "Registration of cultivar names in Ulmus". Arnoldia. Arnold Arboretum, Harvard University. 24 (6–8): 41–80. Retrieved 16 February 2017. 
  3. ^ Hilliers' Manual of Trees & Shrubs. (1977). David & Charles, Newton Abbot, UK.
  4. ^ Elwes, Henry John; Henry, Augustine (1913). The Trees of Great Britain & Ireland. 7. pp. 1868–1869. 
  5. ^ Open Data Paris — Les arbres: Open Data Paris — Les arbres, accessdate: August 24, 2016

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