Smoke Signals (film)
|Directed by||Chris Eyre|
|Screenplay by||Sherman Alexie|
|Based on||"This is What it Means to Say Phoenix, Arizona" |
by Sherman Alexie
|Edited by||Brian Berdan|
|Music by||B.C. Smith|
Smoke Signals is a Canadian-American independent film released in 1998, directed and co-produced by Chris Eyre and with a screenplay by Sherman Alexie, based on the short story "This is What it Means to Say Phoenix, Arizona" from his book The Lone Ranger and Tonto Fistfight in Heaven (1993). The film won several awards and accolades, and was well received at numerous film festivals.
Victor Joseph (Adam Beach) and Thomas Builds-the-Fire (Evan Adams) live on the Coeur D'Alene Indian Reservation in Plummer, Idaho. Thomas is an eccentric storyteller and Victor is an angry young man who enjoys playing basketball.
Victor and Thomas are brought together through Victor's father, Arnold (Gary Farmer). Arnold rescued Thomas as an infant from a house fire that killed his parents. Because of this, Thomas considers him a hero. On the other hand, Victor, who endures Arnold's alcoholism, domestic violence, and eventual child abandonment, regards his father with both deep love and bitter resentment. Thomas and Victor grow up together as neighbors and acquaintances, fighting with each other and simultaneously forming a close, albeit uneasy, friendship.
When Arnold dies in Phoenix, Arizona, where he has stayed after leaving Victor and his mother Arlene (Tantoo Cardinal), Victor and Thomas go on an adventure to retrieve his ashes. The trip is the means for Victor and Thomas to explore their identities. Neither of them loses sight of his identity as an "Indian", but their perspectives differ. Victor is more stoic and Thomas is more traditional (and romantic to the point of watching the feature film Dances with Wolves countless times). Their dichotomy is portrayed all through the film; it results in Victor being irritated with Thomas, and Thomas being fascinated with Victor.
Once they reach Phoenix, Victor has to confront his conflicted feelings about his father, as well as his own identity. He has to grapple with a new account of Thomas's parents' death, as told by his father's friend, Suzy Song (Irene Bedard). She says that a drunken Arnold set off fireworks, accidentally starting the fire that cost Thomas his parents. The road trip by the young men leads to Thomas reconciling with the memory of his adoptive father Arnold, as he understands more of his path to alcoholism and related abuse and abandonment. Victor also gains a better understanding of Thomas and his reverence for Arnold.
While it was not the first film created by native filmmakers in the US, Smoke Signals is recognized as being the first feature length film written, directed, and produced by Native Americans to reach a wide audience both in the US and abroad. This film is also notable for its authenticity with regard to its cast of Native American actors and actresses, and because it was filmed on location on the Coeur D’Alene Indian Reservation in Idaho.
The film was well received by mainstream critics. Rotten Tomatoes gives Smoke Signals an 83% approval rating based on 30 reviews, with an average rating of 7.31/10 and the consensus that the film "tells a familiar story from an underrepresented point of view, proving that a fresh perspective can help subvert long-established expectations." On Metacritic, the film has a weighted average score of 76 out of 100, based on 17 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews".
Peter Stack of the San Francisco Chronicle gave the film a rave review, calling it, "unpretentious, funny and soulful ... Well-acted, well-written, with spare, beautiful imagery." Kevin Thomas of the Los Angeles Times described Smoke Signals as "a warm film of friendship and reconciliation, and whenever it refers to historic injustices or contemporary issues in Native American culture, it does so with wry, glancing humor. Smoke Signals is indeed poignant, but above all it's pretty funny." Marc Savlov of The Austin Chronicle called the film "poignant and slyly humorous" and "alight with oddball nuances and wry observations," saying further, "the cast is uniformly excellent in their roles, and Eyre's persistent use of long, trailing shots reinforces the story's elegiac tone. Simple and elegant, Smoke Signals is a delicious, heady debut that lingers long after the tale is told."
Susan Tavernetti of the Palo Alto Weekly, gave the film a mixed review, saying that "although sometimes the attempt to break down stereotypes seems stilted and forced, more often the result is humorous." She also said, "Chris Eyre's direction establishes an uneven tone, allowing some actors to deliver performances bordering on broad caricature while others play their roles straight." She praised the opening and closing sequences which "beautifully combine poetic voice-overs with visual lyricism." Paul Bond of the World Socialist Web Site criticized Sherman Alexie's screenplay; he felt it was not as strong as the short story collection on which it was based. Bond also believed the producers of the film made compromises based upon commercial pressures.
Awards and honors
- 1998 – American Indian Film Festival: Best film
- 1998 – Christopher Award
- 1998 – First Americans in the Arts: Outstanding Achievement in Writing (Sherman Alexie), Outstanding Performance by an Actor in a Film (Evan Adams), Outstanding Achievement in Directing (Chris Eyre)
- 1998 – Gotham Awards: Nominations: Open Palm Award
- 1998 – National Board of Review: Special Recognition For Excellence In Filmmaking
- 1998 – San Diego World Film Festival: Best American Independent Feature; Best Screenplay (Sherman Alexie); Best Actor (Adam Beach); Best Director (Chris Eyre)
- 1998 – Sundance Film Festival: Filmmaker's Trophy (Chris Eyre); Audience Award. Nominations: Grand Jury Prize
- 1998 – Taos Talking Picture Festival: Taos Land Grant Award (Chris Eyre)
- 1998 – Tokyo International Film Festival: Best Artistic Contribution (Chris Eyre) (tie)
- 1999 – Florida Film Critics Circle Awards: Best Newcomer (Chris Eyre/Sherman Alexie)
- 1999 – Independent Spirit Awards: Best Debut Performance (Evan Adams). Nominations: Best Supporting Male nomination (Gary Farmer), Best First Screenplay nomination (Sherman Alexie)
- 1999 – Young Artist Awards: Nominations: Best Performance in a Feature Film-Supporting Young Actor (Cody Lightning)
- 2018 – National Film Registry
- "Smoke Signals". Box Office Mojo. IMDb. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
- "'Jurassic Park,' 'Shining' added to National Film Registry". Associated Press. December 12, 2018. Retrieved December 12, 2018.
- "Smoke Signals (1998)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved 20 June 2020.
- "Smoke Signals Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
- Stack, Peter (3 July 1998). "'Smoke' Causes Tears of Sadness, Joy". San Francisco Chronicle. Hearst Communications. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
- Thomas, Kevin (26 June 1998). "Smoke Signals: Stylish 'Signals' a Bittersweet Comedy About Friendship". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
- Savlov, Marc (17 July 1998). "Smoke Signals". The Austin Chronicle. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
- Tavernetti, Susan (26 June 1998). "Movie Review: Smoke Signals". Palo Alto Weekly. Embarcadero Media. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
- Bond, Paul (20 November 1998). "Stories from the reservation". World Socialist Web Site. Archived from the original on 24 December 2007. Retrieved 1 January 2007.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
- Alexie, Sherman (1998). Smoke Signals: A Screenplay. New York: Miramax. ISBN 978-1517904982.
- West, Dennis; West, Joan M. (1998). "Sending Cinematic Smoke Signals: An Interview with Sherman Alexie". Cineaste. 23 (4): 28–33. Archived from the original on April 8, 2000.
- Sterngold, James (21 June 1998). "FILM; Able to Laugh at Their People, Not Just Cry for Them". The New York Times.
- Williams, Mary Elizabeth (3 July 1998). "Without reservations: A conversation with Sherman Alexie". Salon. Salon Media Group. Archived from the original on 1 February 2013.
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