Caledonian Railway 264 Class

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Caledonian Railway 264 and 611 classes
LMS CR 0-4-0ST 56039 Whiteinch 1.9.58 edited-2.jpg
264 Class loco 56039 shunting at Whiteinch Glasgow in 1958. Built in 1885 as CR 269, later LMS 16039 and BR 56039. Note converted wagon acting as coal tender.
Type and origin
Power type Steam
Designer Dugald Drummond, John F. McIntosh
Builder Neilson and Company
Build date 1885, 1895, 1900, 1902, 1908
 • Whyte 0-4-0ST
 • UIC B n2t
Gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Driver dia. 3 ft 8 in (1.12 m)
Length 22 ft 3 34 in (6.801 m)
Loco weight 27.375 long tons (27.814 t)
Fuel type coal
Water cap 800 imp gal (3,600 l; 960 US gal)
Boiler pressure 140 psi (970 kPa)
Cylinders two Outside
Cylinder size 14 in × 20 in (360 mm × 510 mm)
Performance figures
Tractive effort 10,601 lbf (47.16 kN)
Class 0F

The Caledonian Railway 264 and 611 classes were 0-4-0 saddle tank locomotives designed by Dugald Drummond and built by Neilson and Company in 1885.[1][2] Later examples were built at St. Rollox railway works under the direction of John F. McIntosh in 1895, 1900, 1902 and 1908.[2][3][4]

These small shunters remained in long service under the LMS (who designated all Neilson saddle locomotives as Class 0F) and British Railways, with the last of the class withdrawn in 1962.[5][6] The 0F class, sometimes referred to by the generic term "pugs", were mainly used as works shunters in the area around Glasgow, Scotland, often running with home-made tenders to improve their small coal capacity.[1][7] Like most 0-4-0 tanks of the period they had outside cylinders and inside slide valves driven by Stephenson valve gear. A number were later sold into private industry and several even made it as far south as Crewe where they acted as works shunters in British Railways days.[2] None of the various 0F class locomotives have survived into preservation.

They are easily confused with the earlier 1882-built ex-North British Railway Class Y-9 (NBR Class G), also designed by Dugald Drummond to a similar saddle tank design, although the 0F is distinguished by a taller chimney and larger circular windows.[2] Both were originally commissioned from Drummond by Neilson & Co to a standard design and were used by North British, LNER and British Railways. One NBR Y-9 shunter (No.42 68095) has been preserved at the Bo'ness & Kinneil Railway museum.[8]


Construction was spread over several years, and eventually totalled 34 locomotives, as follows:[9]

Order Built Numbers Quantity
Y1 1885 264–271 8
Y22 1889 615–620 6
Y27 1890 510–515 6
Y43 1895 611–4 4
Y63 1900 621–6 6
Y68 1902 627–8 2
Y88 1908 431, 463 2

All were built at the St Rollox works of the Caledonian Railway. Orders Y1, Y22 and Y27 were placed by Dugald Drummond and formed the 264 Class; the remainder were ordered by John F. McIntosh and formed the 611 Class.[9]

Smokey Joe[edit]

Smokey Joe 0-4-0 model

Smokey Joe is a model steam locomotive based on the 0F which has been in the Hornby Railways range since 1983 and has been highly popular, being regarded as a "permanent fixture" by the company.[10] A 'starter'-level engine, it has also been the centrepiece of an eponymous train set in the Hornby range.[11] The model was featured in the main Hornby Range up to 2010; it has since been moved into the entry-level "RailRoad" range for 2011.[12]

Hornby's model of the Class 0F has been in the Hornby range since 1981, initially in Caledonian Railway blue.[13] The simplified 1983 "Smokey Joe" version omits the wire handrails that had been present on earlier variants.[1] According to the 2011 Hornby Handbook, the model was originally launched as a "character" locomotive inspired by a Glaswegian engine which had "Smokey Joe" scrawled on its tank in chalk, an effect the model tries to replicate.[10]

The actual number 56025 was an early 264 0F class built in 1890 and for its working life was primarily based at St. Rollox railway works, where it was the works shunter until its withdrawal in 1960.[14] The livery of the model is based upon the mixed traffic livery of British Railways, black with red and white lining. Photographs of the original 56025 from 1955 show that instead of the graffiti, the engine had a lined saddle tank with an early British Railways "cycling lion" crest and, unlike the model, an enclosed footplate (as a works shunter, it would not have required a large quantity of coal). Most other members of the class were unlined black with an open footplate.[2]

The model is powered by a small, 12 V "HP motor" of the same type as used in Scalextric slot cars. As a result, the locomotive has drawn complaints from railway modellers that the motor is too fast for the engine to be realistic, with poor low-speed response.[15] As a result, it is usually regarded as a toy, rather than a model.[15] It does not come with DCC capability, although can be converted.[16]


  1. ^ a b c Class history
  2. ^ a b c d e "611 Caledonian Class 0-4-0" in The Observer's Book of Railway Locomotives of Great Britain (Warne & Co 1961), p.148
  3. ^ MacLeod, A.B. The McIntosh locomotives of the Caledonian Railway, 1895-1914. (London, Ian Allan, 1948) p.44
  4. ^ Caledonian Locomotives,
  5. ^ Class 0F image,
  6. ^ Class 264 image
  7. ^ Mackintosh, Jim (January 2007). ""Pugs", Horses and Men". The True Line. The Caledonian Railway Association (95): 7, 8. ISSN 0267-0852. 
  8. ^ NB Y-9 at the LNER Encyclopedia
  9. ^ a b Baxter, Bertram (1984). Baxter, David, ed. British Locomotive Catalogue 1825-1923, volume 4: Scottish and remaining English Companies in the LMS Group. Ashbourne: Moorland Publishing. pp. 75–76, 90. 
  10. ^ a b The Official Hornby Handbook 2011, p. 35
  11. ^ Train set version
  12. ^ Smokey Joe, Hornby website
  13. ^ "The Collector - third edition" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-02-04. Retrieved 2011-09-06. , Hornby Railways, 1998
  14. ^ 56025 information,
  15. ^ a b Review,
  16. ^ R782 Smokey Joe decoder installation,

External links[edit]