Smoking in Hong Kong
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Smoking in public in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region has been banned from 1 January 2007 under the government's revised Smoking (Public Health) Ordinance (Cap. 371), first enacted in 1982 with several amendments subsequently. The latest amendment enlarges the smoking ban to include indoor workplaces, most public places including restaurants, Internet cafés, public lavatories, beaches and most public parks. Some bars, karaoke parlors, saunas and nightclub were exempt until 1 July 2009. Smoking bans in lifts, public transport, cinemas, concert halls, airport terminal and escalators had been phased in between 1982 and 1997. The ban in shopping centres, department stores, supermarkets, banks, game arcades has been in place since July 1998.
An anomaly to the smoking ban are on cross-border trains between Hong Kong and mainland China as they are operated jointly between MTR Corporation and the Chinese Railways, of whom the latter allows smoking in the restaurant car and in the vestibules at the end of the cars, but not in the seating area.
Any person who smokes or carries a lit tobacco product in a statutory no smoking area commits an offence and is liable on summary conviction to a maximum fine of HK$5,000. Unlike many other jurisdictions, Hong Kong does not place the onus on licensees of liquor licensed premises to enforce smoking bans with subsequent loss of licence for non compliance. A new law, to enter into force in September 2009, provides for fixed-penalty arrangement (HK$1,500) for smoking, on a par with that for littering. At the same time smoking will be banned in designated public transport interchanges, but the Government has yet to clarify how it will enforce this against non Hong Kong ID card holders and tourists, since the offender has 21 days after the ticket issue to pay up.
In 2015, the overall daily smoking rate in Hong Kong was 10.5%. This has declined from 23.3% in the early 1980s. In 2015 there were 641,300 daily smokers (of which 538,300 or 83.9% were male and 103,000 or 16.1% female). Approximately 19% of Hong Kong males smoke whereas in China 53% of males smoke.
The government has mentioned a full-ban of tobacco import and smoking is technically possible in Hong Kong upon the release of the budget in 2009.
- "Latest cigarette smoking prevalence rate announced (with photo)". Information Services Department. 4 February 2016.
- Lee, Danny; Cheah, Selina (28 July 2016). "Hong Kong women and men enjoy world's longest life expectancy due to low smoking rates, health experts claim". South China Morning Post. Alibaba. Retrieved 13 May 2017.
'Smoking in Hong Kong compared with 30 years ago has been reduced by half,' [University of Hong Kong public health professor Lam Tai-Hing] said, adding that recent data showed 19 per cent of local men smoked and only 3 per cent of local women smoked.
- "China and the Toll of Smoking". The New York Times. 17 April 2014. Retrieved 13 May 2017.
There are more than 300 million smokers in China. Nearly 30 percent of adults smoke, including 53 percent of all men.