Smoky-brown woodpecker

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Smoky-brown woodpecker
Veniliornis fumigatus -NW Ecuador-6.jpg
Female in NW Ecuador
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Piciformes
Family: Picidae
Genus: Leuconotopicus
Species: L. fumigatus
Binomial name
Leuconotopicus fumigatus
(D'Orbigny, 1840)
Subspecies

L. f. fumigatus
L. f. obscuratus
L. f. oleagineus
L. f. reichenbachi
L. f. sanguinolentus

Synonyms

Veniliornis fumigatus
Picoides fumigatus

The smoky-brown woodpecker or brown woodpecker (Leuconotopicus fumigatus) is a species of bird in the family Picidae. Some taxonomic authorities, including the American Ornithological Society, continue to place this species in the genus Picoides.

It is found in Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, and Venezuela.

Habitat[edit]

Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest, subtropical or tropical moist montane forest, and heavily degraded former forest. P. f. fumigatus is found mostly in the northern Amazon region. P. f. obscuratus is found from northwest Peru to northwest Argentina. P. f. oleagineus is found in eastern Mexico. V. f. reichenbachi is found in northern South America. And P. f. sanguinolentus is found throughout Central America

Description[edit]

Adult woodpeckers are 15–17 cm (5.9–6.7 in) in height and weigh about 31–50 g (1.1–1.8 oz). They are characteristically dark brown. The adult male has gray, red-tipped nape feathers and tawny scapular feathers. The adult female has brown-tipped nape feathers, and juvenile woodpeckers have noticeably duller feathers.

Behavior[edit]

The smoky-brown woodpecker seems to prefer smaller tree trunks to larger ones. Their diet favors small beetles and larvae. Leuconotopicus fumigatus often travels in pairs or in family groups, sometimes with other species. They nest from February to May, making their nest 1.5–7.6 m (4 ft 11 in–24 ft 11 in) off the forest floor. They have a clutch size of 4 eggs.

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2016). "Leuconotopicus fumigatus". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2016: e.T22681193A92896509. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22681193A92896509.en. Retrieved 15 January 2018.