Smolensk Governorate

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Smolensk Governorate
Смоленская губерния
Governorate of Russian Empire
1796–1929

Coat of arms of Smolensk

Coat of arms

Location of Smolensk
Map of Smolensk Governorate
Capital Smolensk
History
 •  Established 1796
 •  Disestablished January 14, 1929
Population
 •  1897 1,525,279 

Smolensk Governorate (Russian: Смоленская губерния), or the Government of Smolensk, was an administrative division (a guberniya) of the Tsardom of Russia, the Russian Empire, and the Russian SFSR, which existed, with interruptions, between 1708 and 1929.

Smolensk Governorate, together with seven other governorates, was established on December 29 [O.S. December 18], 1708, by Tsar Peter the Great's edict.[1] As with the rest of the governorates, neither the borders nor internal subdivisions of Smolensk Governorate were defined; instead, the territory was defined as a set of cities and the lands adjacent to those cities.[2]

History[edit]

On July 28 [O.S. July 17], 1713, Smolensk Governorate was abolished and its territory was divided between Moscow and Riga Governorates. The governorate was re-established in 1726. In 1775, it was included, along with parts of Moscow and Belgorod Governorates, into Smolensk Viceroyalty. The governorate was again restored in 1796.

After the October Revolution, Smolensk Governorate was base of independent Western Oblast/Western Commune, Soviet Socialist Republic of Belarus, Lithuanian–Belorussian Soviet Socialist Republic (Litbel), and finally incorporated into the Russian SFSR.

Eventually, on January 14, 1929, Smolensk Governorate was abolished and its territory was included into Western Oblast.

Subdivisions[edit]

Smolensk Governorate, together with seven other governorates, was established on December 29 [O.S. December 18], 1708, by Tsar Peter the Great's edict.[1] As with the rest of the governorates, neither the borders nor internal subdivisions of Smolensk Governorate were defined; instead, the territory was defined as a set of cities and the lands adjacent to those cities.[2]

At the time of establishment, the following thirty cities were included into Smolensk Governorate,[1]

Cities included into Smolensk Governorate at the time of its establishment
# City # City # City
1. Smolensk 7. Meshchevsk 13. Serpeysk
2. Belyaya 8. Mosalsk 14. Staritsa
3. Borisovo Gorodishche 9. Odoyev 15. Vorotynsk
4. Dorogobuzh 10. Peremyshl 16. Vyazma
5. Kozelsk 11. Pogoreloye Gorodishche 17. Zubtsov
6. Likhvin 12. Roslavl

In 1713, when Smolensk Governorate was abolished and merged into Riga Governorate, the following five uyezds were established in the area formally occupied by the governorate (the administrative centers are given in parentheses),[3]

After Smolensk Governorate was re-established in 1726, it was subdivided into these five uyezds.

In 1775, Smolensk Viceroyalty was subdivided into 12 uyezds, which remained when it was transformed back to a governorate in 1802 (the administrative centers, which all had the town status, are in parentheses),[3]

Demography[edit]

Language[edit]

  • Population by mother tongue according to the Imperial census of 1897.

Religion[edit]

  • According to the Imperial census of 1897.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Указ об учреждении губерний и о росписании к ним городов (in Russian)
  2. ^ a b С. А. Тархов (2001). "Изменение административно-территориального деления России за последние 300 лет". Электронная версия журнала "География". 
  3. ^ a b "Список населенных мест 1904 года" (in Russian). «Край Смоленский». Retrieved 25 May 2018. 
  4. ^ Religion Statistics of 1897 (in Russian)
  5. ^ Eastern Orthodox, including Russian Orthodox, Greek Orthodox, and Georgian Orthodox

Further reading[edit]

Coordinates: 54°46′58″N 32°02′43″E / 54.7828°N 32.0453°E / 54.7828; 32.0453