Smolensk Nuclear Power Plant

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Smolensk Soviet Nuclear Power Plant
Smolensk Nuclear Power Plant.jpg
Smolensk Nuclear Power Plant is located in Russia
Smolensk Nuclear Power Plant
Location of Smolensk Nuclear Power Plant
Country Russia
Coordinates 54°10′8.98″N 33°14′47.89″E / 54.1691611°N 33.2466361°E / 54.1691611; 33.2466361Coordinates: 54°10′8.98″N 33°14′47.89″E / 54.1691611°N 33.2466361°E / 54.1691611; 33.2466361
Status Operational
Construction began 1 October 1975
Commission date 9 December 1982
Operator(s) Rosenergoatom
Nuclear power station
Reactor type RBMK
Power generation
Units operational 3 x 1,000 MW
Units cancelled 1 x 1,000 MW
Nameplate capacity 3,000 MW
Capacity factor 19.4%
Annual net output 5,093 GW·h

Smolensk Nuclear Power Plant (Russian: Смоленская АЭС [About this sound pronunciation ]) is a nuclear power station in Russia. It is located in the Smolensk region, in Desnogorsk province, approximately 100 km from Smolensk, 115 km from Bryansk and 320 km from Moscow. Smolensk Nuclear Power Plant is the biggest nuclear plant in the Nechernozem region of Russia.

The plant operates three RBMK-1000 reactors (1000 MW water-cooled graphite-moderated channel-type reactors). The plant was supposed to have four units but the construction of the 4th reactor was stopped in 1993 following the Chernobyl disaster.

All the units are equipped with emergency response systems, which can prevent release of radioactive material into the environment even in case of serious accident; for example breakage of pipes in the reactor cooling circuit. The reactor cooling circuit is housed in hermetic reinforced concrete boxes that can withstand a force of 4.5 kgf/cm2.

Unit[1] Reactor type Net
Smolensk – 1 RBMK-1000 925 MW 1,000 MW 1975-10-01 1982-12-09 1983-09-30 2027 planned[2]
Smolensk – 2 RBMK-1000 925 MW 1,000 MW 1976-06-01 1985-05-31 1985-07-02 2030 planned[2]
Smolensk – 3 RBMK-1000 925 MW 1,000 MW 1975-10-01 1990-01-17 1990-10-12 2020 planned
Smolensk – 4 RBMK-1000 925 MW 1,000 MW 1984-10-01 Construction cancelled on 1 December 1993

See also[edit]