Smyrna, Delaware

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Smyrna, Delaware
Town
South Main Street in Smyrna
South Main Street in Smyrna
Etymology: Ancient Greek seaport of Smyrna
Location of Smyrna in Kent County and New Castle County, Delaware.
Location of Smyrna in Kent County and New Castle County, Delaware.
Smyrna is located in Delaware
Smyrna
Smyrna
Smyrna is located in the US
Smyrna
Smyrna
Location within the state of Delaware
Coordinates: 39°17′59″N 75°36′17″W / 39.29972°N 75.60472°W / 39.29972; -75.60472Coordinates: 39°17′59″N 75°36′17″W / 39.29972°N 75.60472°W / 39.29972; -75.60472
Country United States
State Delaware
County Kent, New Castle
Government
 • Type Mayor-council
 • Mayor John Embert III
Area[1]
 • Total 6.01 sq mi (15.57 km2)
 • Land 5.94 sq mi (15.37 km2)
 • Water 0.08 sq mi (0.20 km2)
Elevation 33 ft (10 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 10,023
 • Estimate (2016)[2] 11,371
 • Density 1,915.60/sq mi (739.65/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 19977
Area code(s) 302
FIPS code 10-67310
GNIS feature ID 214671[3]
Website www.smyrnadelaware.com

Smyrna is a town in Kent and New Castle counties in the U.S. state of Delaware. It is part of the Dover, Delaware Metropolitan Statistical Area. According to the Census Bureau, as of 2010, the population of the town is 10,023.[4]

The international jurist John Bassett Moore was born in Smyrna, as were politicians Louis McLane and James Williams.

History[edit]

Smyrna was originally called Duck Creek Cross Roads and received its current name in 1806 after the Ancient Greek seaport of Smyrna in present-day Turkey. The town was located along the north-south King's Highway. Smyrna was originally a shipping center along the Duck Creek and was the most important port between Wilmington and Lewes, shipping grain, lumber, tanbark, and produce to points north. After the shipping industry collapsed in the 1850s, the town would continue to be an agricultural center.[5]

The Bannister Hall and Baynard House, Belmont Hall, David J. Cummins House, Timothy Cummins House, Duck Creek Village, George Farmhouse, Ivy Dale Farm, Mount Pleasant, Moore House, Peterson and Mustard's Hermitage Farm, Savin-Wilson House, Short's Landing Hotel Complex, Smyrna Historic District, John M. Voshell House, and Woodlawn are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[6]

Geography[edit]

Smyrna is located at 39°17′59″N 75°36′17″W / 39.29972°N 75.60472°W / 39.29972; -75.60472 (39.2998339, -75.6046494).[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 3.8 square miles (9.8 km2), of which, 3.7 square miles (9.6 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (2.13%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 1,873
1870 2,110 12.7%
1880 2,428 15.1%
1890 2,455 1.1%
1900 2,168 −11.7%
1910 1,843 −15.0%
1920 1,953 6.0%
1930 1,958 0.3%
1940 1,870 −4.5%
1950 2,346 25.5%
1960 3,241 38.2%
1970 4,243 30.9%
1980 4,750 11.9%
1990 5,231 10.1%
2000 5,679 8.6%
2010 10,023 76.5%
Est. 2016 11,371 [2] 13.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 5,679 people, 2,114 households, and 1,462 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,541.9 people per square mile (595.8/km²). There were 2,242 housing units at an average density of 608.7 per square mile (235.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 72.88% White, 22.42% African American, 0.51% Native American, 0.56% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 1.44% from other races, and 2.11% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.42% of the population.

There were 2,114 households out of which 36.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.9% were married couples living together, 18.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.8% were non-families. 24.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the town, the population was spread out with 27.1% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 18.3% from 45 to 64, and 16.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 82.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $36,212, and the median income for a family was $42,355. Males had a median income of $32,500 versus $22,135 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,443. About 7.9% of families and 10.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.0% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over.

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

U.S. Route 13 is the main north-south road through Smyrna, passing through the town on Dupont Boulevard. The Delaware Route 1 toll road passes to the east of Smyrna, with access to the town at Exit 114 (South Smyrna) and Exit 119 (North Smyrna), both connecting to US 13. The Smyrna Rest Area is located north of Smyrna at the junction of US 13 and DE 1 at Exit 119. US 13 and DE 1 both run south to Dover and north to Wilmington. Delaware Route 6 runs east-west through Smyrna, heading west to Clayton and Blackiston and east to Woodland Beach. Delaware Route 300 begins at US 13 and heads west along with DE 6 through Smyrna before splitting to the southwest and heading toward Kenton.[10] DART First State provides bus service to Smyrna along Route 120, which provides local service south to Dover and connects to the local bus routes serving the Dover area; Route 301, which provides express service south to Dover and north to Wilmington from the Smyrna Rest Area; and Route 302, which provides service south to Dover and north to Middletown and Newark from the Smyrna Rest Area.[11] Smyrna Airport, a general aviation airport, is located to the east of Smyrna.[10]

Utilities[edit]

The Town of Smyrna Electric Department provides electricity to Smyrna, serving about 6,200 customers.[12] The town's electric department is a member of the Delaware Municipal Electric Corporation, a municipal electric cooperative that purchases energy for its members.[13] Trash collection in the town is provided under contract by Waste Industries.[14] The Public Works department provides water and sewer service to about 4,000 customers in Smyrna.[15] Natural gas service in Smyrna is provided by Chesapeake Utilities.[16]

Health care[edit]

Bayhealth Medical Center operates the Bayhealth Emergency Center, Smyrna in Smyrna.[17] The emergency center offers a 24-hour emergency room.[18]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 25, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  3. ^ "Smyrna". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 
  4. ^ "Smyrna town, Delaware - Population Finder - American FactFinder". Population Finder. U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved January 18, 2010. 
  5. ^ Federal Writers' Project (1938). The ocean highway: New Brunswick, New Jersey to Jacksonville, Florida. American Guide Series. New York: Modern Age Books. Retrieved 2009-04-10. 
  6. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ a b Delaware Department of Transportation (2008). Delaware Official Transportation Map (PDF) (Map). Dover: Delaware Department of Transportation. 
  11. ^ "Routes and Schedules". DART First State. Retrieved August 16, 2013. 
  12. ^ "Electric". Town of Smyrna. Retrieved August 13, 2017. 
  13. ^ "Delaware Municipal Electric Corporation (DEMEC)". Town of Smyrna. Retrieved August 13, 2017. 
  14. ^ "Trash". Town of Smyrna. Retrieved August 13, 2017. 
  15. ^ "Water & Sewer". Town of Smyrna. Retrieved August 13, 2017. 
  16. ^ "Delmarva Service Territory". Chesapeake Utilities. Retrieved August 14, 2017. 
  17. ^ "Hospitals & Facilities". Bayhealth. Retrieved June 21, 2014. 
  18. ^ "Emergency Services". Bayhealth. Retrieved June 21, 2014. 
  19. ^ Literary Digest, March 2017, P. 14

External links[edit]