Snagging, also known as snag fishing, snatch fishing, or foul hooking, is a method of fishing that entails catching a fish using hooks without the fish having to take the bait with their mouth. This is achieved by pulling the fishing line out of the water very quickly as soon as any movement is felt on the line, with the intention of piercing the fish in the flesh with the hook. Weighted lures with multiple hooks are often used to increase chances of success. Snagging is also known as "brocking a fish." First, the individual must toss his hook out into the water. The fisherman then waits until the fish is in site and they will reel the hook in until they are above the fish. Once the fish is in line with the hook, the fisherman than yanks on the line to "snag" the fish. The fight to reel in the fish begins. With larger fish, such as salmon, reeling in the fish may be a great difficulty and takes a lot of strength. With regards to fishing in a clear river, most fisherman will be able to see their targets shadow or wakes in the water to determine where their hooks need to be and when. Also, to keep view of ones hook, the fisherman uses a brightly colored ribbon or clothe on their line near the hook so there is a better chance to see it. Some species, such as paddlefish, are not attracted to bait or lures as they eat plankton. While these fish can be taken using nets or spears, snagging is also used.
Snagging, like other methods of fishing, is controlled by the wildlife regulating agency of each state. A list of the legality for each state follows.
|Alabama||Prohibited with exceptions.|
|Alaska||Prohibited with exceptions.|
|Arizona||Prohibited with exceptions.|
|Arkansas||Prohibited with exceptions.|
|California||Legal only rough fish I.e carp.|
|Colorado||Prohibited with exceptions.|
|Connecticut||Prohibited with exceptions.|
|Delaware||Prohibited with exceptions.|
|District of Columbia||Illegal.|
|Hawaii||Legal but prohibited in certain areas.|
|Illinois||Legal for some species during certain seasons.|
|Iowa||Prohibited with exceptions.|
|Kansas||Legal for Paddlefish.|
|Kentucky||Legal for some species.|
|Louisiana||Prohibited with exceptions.|
|Maine||Prohibited with exceptions.|
|Missouri||Prohibited with exceptions.|
|Montana||Prohibited with exceptions.|
|Nebraska||Prohibited with exceptions.|
|Nevada||Prohibited with exceptions.|
|New Hampshire||Prohibited in freshwater.|
|New Jersey||Prohibited with exceptions.|
|New Mexico||Prohibited with exceptions.|
|New York||Prohibited with exceptions.|
|North Dakota||Prohibited with exceptions.|
|Ohio||Prohibited with exceptions.|
|Oklahoma||Prohibited with exceptions.|
|Oregon||Prohibited with exceptions.|
|South Carolina||Legal but prohibited in certain areas.|
|South Dakota||Prohibited with exceptions.|
|Tennessee||Prohibited with exceptions.|
|West Virginia||Permitted for certain species.|
- "Alabama Fishing Limits and General Regulations". Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. Retrieved 1 September 2010.
- "Sport Fish Regulations". Alaska Department of Fish and Game. Retrieved 1 September 2010.
- "Fishing Glossary". Arizona Game and Fish Department. Retrieved 1 September 2010.
- "Technique-Specific Fishing Regulations". Arkansas Game & Fish Commission. Retrieved 1 September 2010.
- "Freshwater Sport Fishing Regulations". California Department of Fish and Game Florida: New regulations will go into effect 9/1/13 regarding the snagging of tarpon. See: http://flylifemagazine.com/of-interest-dont-kid-yourself-its-a-snagging-device-by-design/. Retrieved 1 September 2010.
- "Colorado Wildlife Regulations Ch 01" (PDF). Colorado Division of Wildlife. Retrieved 1 September 2010.
- "DEP: Inland Sport Fishing Definitions". Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection. Retrieved 1 September 2010.
- "Gamefish and General Freshwater Fishing Restrictions". Delaware Division if Fish & Wildlife. Retrieved 1 September 2010.
- "Regulated Fishing Activities". District Department of the Environment. Retrieved 29 May 2015.
- "Fish and Wildlife Research Institute". Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission. Retrieved 23 June 2012.
- "Freshwater and Trout Fishing Methods". Georgia Department of Natural Resources Wildlife Resources Division. Retrieved 1 September 2010.
- "Fishing - Common Questions". Hawaii Division of Aquatic Resources. Retrieved 1 September 2010.
- "General Fishing Season Information" (PDF). Idaho Department of Fish and Game. Retrieved 23 June 2012.
- "Unlawful Actions & Penalties Associated with Title 50 Chapter 13 Protection of Fish". South Carolina Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 24 April 2014.
- "Washington State 2010-2011 Sportfishing Rules Pamphlet" (PDF). Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife. Retrieved 21 March 2011.