Snake Indian River

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Snake Indian River
Location
Country Alberta  Canada
Physical characteristics
Source 
 - locationSnake Indian Pass
 - coordinates53°19′03″N 118°57′06″W / 53.31750°N 118.95167°W / 53.31750; -118.95167
 - elevation2,128 m (6,982 ft)
Mouth 
 - location
Athabasca River
 - coordinates
53°11′04″N 117°59′12″W / 53.18444°N 117.98667°W / 53.18444; -117.98667Coordinates: 53°11′04″N 117°59′12″W / 53.18444°N 117.98667°W / 53.18444; -117.98667
 - elevation
1,039 m (3,409 ft)

The Snake Indian River is a large tributary of the Athabasca River, exiting entirely within Jasper National Park. The Snake Indian forms at Snake Indian Pass, south of Monte Christo Mountain and Snake Indian Mountain, north of Calumet Peak. The river travels in a general northwest direction before turning sharply south. The river plummets over the massive Snake Indian Falls before joining the Athabasca River downstream of Jasper Lake, near the east gate of Jasper National Park.[1]

The Snake Indian River, along with Snake Indian Mountain and Snake Indian Pass, were named after a small tribe of Indians, the Snakes, which resided around Jasper House in the 19th century. Note that in native usage, the term 'snake' was a generic pejorative used to describe other tribes, regardless of their actual ancestry, Hence the many locations in Alberta where a number of different tribes lived, all of whom, although unrelated, were called 'Snakes'. The Snakes who lived just north of Jasper were massacred by a band of Assiniboines at a peace feast between the two tribes.[2]

Tributaries[edit]

  • Blue Creek
  • Deer Creek
  • Willow Creek

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mussio Ventures (2004). Central Alberta Backroad Mapbook. Burnaby: Mussio Ventures.
  2. ^ Karamitsanis, Aphrodite (1991). Place Names of Alberta, Volume 1. Calgary: University of Calgary Press, pg. 228