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Design Studio
Founded Brookyln, NY, (2008 (2008))
Founder Daniel Arsham and Alex Mustonen

Snarkitecture is a New York-based collaborative practice founded by Daniel Arsham and Alex Mustonen.


Snarkitecture's work is focused on designing within existing spaces or collaboration with other artists and designers.[1] They aim to reuse or misuse existing architecture to make architecture perform the unexpected.[2] Arsham and Mustonen met while studying at the Cooper Union in New York City and established Snarkitecture as a formal practice in 2008.



An installation for the New Museum Gala, Lift is a floating landscape that is both architectural and performative. An array of forty-five white inflatable spheres, each controlled by an individual performer, establishes a grid to engage the massive architectural scale of the room. Choreographed movements unfold slowly over the course of the evening reconfiguring the field of spheres in a series of elegant yet playful exercises. As performers manipulate the suspended plane, Lift dramatically alters the visual and spatial qualities of the existing architecture to create unexpected moments.[3]

Richard Chai x Palladium

This temporary installation uses reflection and inversion to create an uncanny sensory experience showcasing Richard Chai's collaboration with Palladium. Mirrors line the walls and ceiling of the small exhibition space, and compound the images of the boots featured within.[4]


A pop-up shop for Odin New York’s fragrance collection, this temporary retail installation created an unexpected moment embedded within an East Village storefront. The entire shop was formed by a landscape of 1,500 matte white gypsum cement replicas of Odin’s distinctive glass fragrance bottle.[5] Suspended within a white shell, the matte white ghost bottles cascaded in a wave from the ceiling at the front window toward the floor at the mirrored back wall. A smaller landscape of bottles rises from the floor, inhabited by the only dark objects in the space - Odin’s fragrances and their black packaging. The dark brown glass fragrance bottles were backlit and indented into the smooth white displays that spill out from the Odin boxes. Appearing as soft amorphous forms, the displays revealed themselves as the same hard white gypsum cement as the ghost bottle replicas.[6]

Why Patterns

Why Patterns is a performance by choreographer Jonah Bokaer in collaboration with Snarkitecture, who designed the scenography. The work is titled after the score Why Patterns? by the composer Morton Feldman.[7] The piece originates with a ping-pong ball that initiates a series of choreographed games. Various events flood the stage with thousands of balls, which are then manipulated by the movement of the dancers.[8] Originally commissioned by Dance Works Rotterdam, the world premiere was held in February 2010 at the Rotterdamse Schouwburg in Rotterdam, Netherlands.[9] The U.S. premiere will be on August 3, 2011 at the Jacob's Pillow Dance Festival.[10]


Dig was an installation and performance in collaboration with Daniel Arsham at Storefront for Art and Architecture in New York, NY during March and April, 2011.[11] As an investigation of the architecture of excavation, Storefront's gallery space was infilled with a solid volume of EPS architectural foam that was then excavated by hand using hand tools to create "a cavernous space for work and play."[12]

Richard Chai x Snarkitecture

In October, 2010 Snarkitecture paired with fashion designer Richard Chai to create a temporary retail installation at 504 West 24th Street in New York, NY.[13] The collaboration was the fourth in a series of five installations presented by the non-profit organization Building Fashion.[14] Snarkitecture’s design for the space uses a single material to fill an existing container beneath the High Line.[15] White EPS foam was carved by hand to create a “glacial cavern” for the display of Richard Chai’s collection[16] – the material was recycled back into rigid insulation at the close of the project.[17] The installation was open from October 21 – 31, 2010.

A Memorial Bowing and Beacons

In December, 2009, Daniel Arsham/Snarkitecture were commissioned to create two public art pieces at the new Marlins Park (designed by Populous) in Miami, Florida, scheduled to open in April, 2012. A commemorative marker designed to honor the former Miami Orange Bowl is based on Miami-raised Daniel Arsham’s memories of the old “MIAMI ORANGE BOWL” sign. The letters were reconstructed in their original ten foot height and orange color and scattered throughout the public plaza on the east side of the stadium. Their positions capture an ambiguous moment between destruction and rebuilding, standing vertically, horizontally, mid-collapse or submerged in the ground and spelling various words as visitors move around them.[18] The installation by Daniel Arsham/Snarkitecture for the illumination of the columns at the new stadium used the simple idea of revealing and concealing the columns through the use of light. The lighting of the four super columns which support the stadium's retractable roof uses programmable LED lights that fade up and down the columns in subtly shifting patterns, evoking the rhythm of a human breath.[19]


The BEACH was an interactive architectural installation art designed by Snarkitecture for the National Building Museum in July 2015. Taking cues from the familiar experience of a summer day at the beach, Snarkitecture abstracted both the natural and cultural elements of the beach to create a reduced, monochromatic environment inside the museum’s Great Hall. Standard construction materials like scaffolding, drywall, and mirrors were utilized to create the enclosure that led to an ocean of 750,000 recyclable plastic balls. The BEACH welcomed visitors to explore, play and relax in a fully immersive and unique setting.[20]







  • Wallpaper Handmade, Milan, Italy
  • Volume Gallery, Collective Design Fair, New York NY
  • Grey Area, Collective Design Fair, New York NY

2012 [36]

  • Funiture, Design Miami/, Miami Beach FL
  • Ornamental, Grey Area, New York NY 2012
  • Scale, The Standard Hotel East Village, New York NY
  • BOFFO Show House, Miami FL
  • Funiture, Volume Gallery, Chicago IL




2011 [37]

  • Goal Posts, Marlins Ballpark, Commissioned, Miami FL


  • Richard Chai / Building Fashion Series, Commissioned, New York NY
  • Stephen P. Clark Center Lobby, Art in Public Places, Finalist, Miami FL
  • In the Public Realm, Public Art Fund, Finalist, New York NY


  • Commemorative Marker, Marlins Ballpark, Art in Public Places, Commissioned, Miami FL
  • Column Illumination, Marlins Ballpark, Art in Public Places, Commissioned, Miami FL
  • Marlins Ballpark, Art in Public Places, Finalist, Miami FL


  1. ^ "Snarkitecture Profile". Snarkitecture. Retrieved 2009-12-21. 
  2. ^ Gartenfeld, Alex: Young N.Y. Architecture Showcase, page 49. PIN-UP Magazine, Issue 7, Fall Winter 09/10.
  3. ^ "Snarkitecture Takes Over Landmark Wall Street Building With A Balloon Ballet". Retrieved 8 November 2017. 
  4. ^ Sebra, Matt (21 November 2012). "Pop-Up Report: Richard Chai for Palladium Holiday Shop at Odin New York". Retrieved 8 November 2017. 
  5. ^ "Vain Glorious". T Magazine. Retrieved 2012-07-02. 
  6. ^ "ODIN Fragrances & Home Fragrances – Pop-Up Shop". Freshness Magazine. Retrieved 2012-07-02. 
  7. ^ "Why Patterns". APT Holding Worldwide, Inc. Archived from the original on 2012-07-16. Retrieved 2009-12-21. 
  8. ^ Moreno, Snark Buster, page 102. Frame Magazine, Issue 79, Mar/Apr 2011.
  9. ^ "New York choreographer at Dance Works Rotterdam". Dans Server. Archived from the original on 2012-03-22. Retrieved 2011-04-12. 
  10. ^ "Jonah Bokaer". Jacob's Pillow Dance. Retrieved 2011-04-12. 
  11. ^ "Dig: Daniel Arsham/Snarkitecture". OHWOW. Archived from the original on 2011-02-16. Retrieved 2011-04-12. 
  12. ^ Rachel A Maggart (2011-04-06). "Dig: Daniel Arsham/Snarkitecture". Planet Mag. Retrieved 2011-04-12. 
  13. ^ Bruce Pask (2010-10-21). "The Ice Age". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-10-27. 
  14. ^ "Building Fashion at HL23". Building Fashion. Retrieved 2010-10-27. 
  15. ^ Fan Zhong (2010-10-22). "Richard Chai Sets Up Under the High Line". W Magazine. Archived from the original on 2012-03-29. Retrieved 2010-10-27. 
  16. ^ Jonathan Shia (2010-10-26). "Richard's Glacial Cavern". The Last Magazine. Retrieved 2010-10-27. 
  17. ^ Jaime Gross (2010-10-22). "Shipping Container Retail Design". Dwell. Retrieved 2010-10-27. 
  18. ^ Janie Campbell. "Ballpark's Public Tribute to Daytona Beach Approved". NBC Universal, Inc. Retrieved 2009-12-21. 
  19. ^ "Artist Daniel Arsham/Snarkitecture Wins Two Major Commissions for New Miami Marlins Ballpark". Bustler. 2010-01-13. Retrieved 2010-01-20. 
  20. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-01. Retrieved 2016-02-24. 
  21. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-04-25. Retrieved 2013-05-10. 
  22. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-06-22. Retrieved 2013-05-10. 
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  26. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-12-30. Retrieved 2013-05-10. 
  27. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-05-04. Retrieved 2013-05-10. 
  28. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-04-24. Retrieved 2013-05-10. 
  29. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-04-24. Retrieved 2013-05-10. 
  30. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-04-21. Retrieved 2013-05-10. 
  31. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-05-04. Retrieved 2013-05-10. 
  32. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-05-04. Retrieved 2013-05-10. 
  33. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-05-04. Retrieved 2013-05-10. 
  34. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-05-04. Retrieved 2013-05-10. 
  35. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-05-04. Retrieved 2013-05-10. 
  36. ^ "Snarkitecture Exhibitions". Snarkitecture. Archived from the original on 2011-03-27. Retrieved 2011-04-12. 
  37. ^ "Snarkitecture Awards". Snarkitecture. Archived from the original on 2010-01-16. Retrieved 2011-04-12. 

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