Sneakers (1992 film)
|Directed by||Phil Alden Robinson|
|Music by||James Horner|
|Edited by||Tom Rolf|
|Distributed by||Universal Studios|
|Box office||$105.2 million|
Sneakers is a 1992 American comedy caper film directed by Phil Alden Robinson, written by Robinson, Walter Parkes, and Lawrence Lasker, and starring Robert Redford, Dan Aykroyd, Ben Kingsley, Mary McDonnell, River Phoenix, Sidney Poitier, and David Strathairn; the film was released by Universal Pictures.
In 1969, students Martin Brice (27) and Cosmo (24) are sneakers who hack into computer networks using university equipment, to redistribute conservative funds to various liberal causes. The police burst in and arrest Cosmo while Martin is out getting pizza; Martin becomes a fugitive.
In the present day San Francisco, Martin, now called Martin Bishop, heads a security specialists team undertaking penetration testing. The team includes Donald Crease, a former CIA officer and family man; Darren "Mother" Roskow, a conspiracy theorist and electronics technician; Carl Arbogast, a young hacking genius; and Irwin "Whistler" Emery, a blind phone phreak.
After breaking into a bank and exposing their weaknesses, Martin is approached by NSA officers Dick Gordon and Buddy Wallace. He is asked to recover a "black box" from mathematician Dr. Gunter Janek, who has developed the box under the project name "Setec Astronomy" supposedly for the Russian government. Martin is hesitant but agrees to help when the agents reveal that they are aware of his true identity. In exchange for his help, the agents say that they will clear his name. With help from his former girlfriend, Liz, Martin and his team secure the box, which is disguised as a telephone answering machine. During their subsequent celebration party, Whistler, Mother, and Carl investigate the box, finding it capable of breaking the encryption of nearly every computer system. Martin works out that "Setec Astronomy" is an anagram of "too many secrets", and issues a lockdown until they can deliver the box the next day.
Martin hands the box to Gordon and Wallace but barely escapes being killed by them after Crease discovers that Janek was killed the night before. His friend, Gregor in the Russian consulate, confirms that the officers were rogue agents, and that Janek was working for the NSA. Before Gregor can elaborate further, fake FBI agents kill him and kidnap Martin, taking him to a remote location where he's reunited with Cosmo, who Martin thought had died in prison. While imprisoned, Cosmo developed ties with organized crime, who recognized his talents and later installed him as their money launderer and paymaster. He explains his plan to use Janek's box to destabilize the world economy, and offers Martin the chance to join him. Martin refuses, whereupon Cosmo uses the box to break into the FBI and connect Martin's current identity with his former name. Cosmo has Martin knocked out and taken back to the city.
Martin, now a fugitive from the law again, and the team relocate to Liz's apartment. They contact NSA agent Abbott, who wants the box but cannot offer safety until it is in Martin's possession. Whistler analyzes the sounds that Martin heard during his kidnapping, and is able to identify the geographic area where Martin was taken. A toy company at that location is a front for Cosmo's operation. They track down Werner Brandes, an employee whose office is next to Cosmo's. They set Liz up on a fake computer date with Brandes to obtain his keycard and vocal recognition codes, while the others identify other security features of Cosmo's office. The team successfully gets into the building to recover the box.
Brandes begins to suspect Liz during the date, and forces her into going to his office. Once there, he alerts Cosmo to a possible break-in, though everything appears secure. When Liz disdainfully mentions being on a computer date with Brandes, Cosmo realizes that Martin is involved and locks down the facility. Martin is apprehended and Cosmo once again tries to convince him to join him. Martin refuses and instead turns over the box. The team escapes before Cosmo realizes that he is holding an empty duplicate.
Back at their own offices, Martin's team is surrounded by Abbott and his agents. After Martin points out how important the secrecy of the box is to the NSA, who could use it to spy on other agencies, Abbott agrees to clear Martin's record and grant the requests of the rest of his team. After Abbott and the agents leave with the box, Martin shows he has rendered the box useless by removing the main processor.
In a postscript, a news report describes the sudden bankruptcy of the Republican National Committee, and the simultaneous receipt of large anonymous donations to Amnesty International, Greenpeace, and the United Negro College Fund.
- Robert Redford as Martin Bishop/Martin Brice
- Ben Kingsley as Cosmo
- Sidney Poitier as Donald Crease
- David Strathairn as Irwin "Whistler" Emery
- Dan Aykroyd as Darren "Mother" Roskow
- River Phoenix as Carl Arbogast
- Mary McDonnell as Liz Ogilvy
- Stephen Tobolowsky as Werner Brandes
- Timothy Busfield as Dick Gordon
- Eddie Jones as Buddy Wallace
- George Hearn as Gregor Ivanovich
- Donal Logue as Dr. Gunter Janek
- Lee Garlington as Dr. Elena Rhyzkov
- James Earl Jones as NSA Agent Bernard Abbott
- Amy Benedict as NSA Agent Mary
- Gary Hershberger as College-Aged Bishop
- Jo Marr as College-Aged Cosmo (as Jojo Marr)
Lawrence Lasker and Walter F. Parkes first conceived the idea for Sneakers in 1981, while doing research for WarGames. In early drafts, the character of Liz was a bank employee, rather than Martin's ex-girlfriend. The role was changed because Lasker and Parkes believed that it took too long for her character to develop.
Once Robert Redford was attached to the picture, his name was used to recruit other members of the cast and crew, including the director Robinson, who had little initial interest in the project but had always wanted to work with Redford.
At one point during the project, Robinson received a visit from men claiming to be representatives of the Office of Naval Intelligence, who indicated that for reasons of national security, the film could not include any references to "a hand-held device that can decode codes". Robinson was highly concerned, as such a device was a key to the film's plot, but after consulting with a lawyer from the film studio he realized that the "visit" had been a prank instigated by a member of the cast, possibly Aykroyd or Redford.
"I can't remember having so much fun on a movie," Stephen Tobolowsky recalled in 2012 for a 20th anniversary piece about the film for Slate. He had initially scoffed at the script based on its title alone, but his agent persuaded him to actually read it, and he reconsidered. Afterward, he told his agent, "Now I know what a hundred million dollars at the box office reads like."
"It was one of the most spectacular casts I've ever been lucky enough to be a part of," Tobolowsky wrote. When he was shooting the scene where he and McDonnell eat at a Chinese restaurant, Robinson told him he could do anything he wanted to make her laugh. "Dangerous words. It set the tone for the rest of the shoot," he recalls. "I played with my food. I made up lines (including one about pounding chicken breasts in the kitchen during our second date)." The rest of the cast and crew felt similarly. Near the end of the shoot Robinson said the only way it could have been better would have been if the lab lost the film, so they would have had to do it all over again.
The film's press kit was accompanied by a floppy disk containing a custom program explaining the movie. Parts of the program were quasi-encrypted, requiring the user to enter an easily guessable password to proceed. It was one of the first electronic press kits by a film studio.
The film received positive reviews from critics upon its release. Writing for the Los Angeles Times, Kenneth Turan called Sneakers "[a] caper movie with a most pleasant sense of humor," a "twisting plot," and a "witty, hang-loose tone." Turan went on to praise the ensemble cast and director Robinson, who is "surprisingly adept at creating tension at appropriate moments" and "makes good use of the script's air of clever cheerfulness". Roger Ebert, writing for the Chicago Sun-Times, was less impressed, giving the film two-and-a-half stars out of four, calling it "a sometimes entertaining movie, but thin." He went on to point out numerous cliches and tired plot devices recycled in the film. Vincent Canby, in a negative review for The New York Times, said the film looked like it had "just surfaced after being buried alive for 20 years," calling it "an atrophied version of a kind of caper movie that was so beloved in the early 1970's". He singled out Redford and Poitier as looking and acting too old to be in this kind of film now. He calls the plot "feeble," resulting in a film that is "jokey without being funny, breathless without creating suspense". He calls the ensemble an "all star gang," but says the "performances are generally quite bad."
On Rotten Tomatoes the film has an approval rating of 79% based on reviews from 52 critics. The website's consensus states: "There isn't much to Sneakers plot and that's more than made up for with the film's breezy panache and hi-tech lingo." On Metacritic the film has a score of 65 out of 100 based on reviews from 20 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews". Audiences surveyed by CinemaScore gave the film a grade A- on scale of A to F.
The film was a box office success, grossing over $105.2 million worldwide.
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- Weidman, Sara (October 8, 1992). "A Decade Later, 'Sneakers' is Complete". The Michigan Daily. p. 8.
- Tobolowsky, Stephen (September 10, 2012). "Memories of the Sneakers Shoot". Slate. Retrieved September 11, 2012.
- "Sneakers". www.usc.edu. Archived from the original on 2015-11-01. Retrieved 2015-11-24.
- "Sneakers Computer Press Kit". Internet Archive. July 12, 2017. Retrieved July 17, 2017.
- O'Steen, Kathleen (November 15, 1994). "WB goes interactive for 'Disclosure' push". Daily Variety. p. 5.
- "MOVIE REVIEW : 'Sneakers': A Caper With Lots of Twists". Los Angeles Times. 1992-09-09. Retrieved 2012-06-03.
- Roger Ebert (September 9, 1992). "Sneakers". RogerEbert.com. Ebert Digital LLC. Retrieved September 22, 2017.
- "Reviews/Film; A 1970's Caper Movie With Heroes of the Time". The New York Times. 1992-09-09. Retrieved 2012-06-03.
- "Sneakers (1992)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2020-07-10.
- "Sneakers". Metacritic. Retrieved 2020-07-10.
- "SNEAKERS (1992) A-". CinemaScore. Archived from the original on February 6, 2018.
- "'Sneaker' Hacker Drama Based On Movie In Works At NBC From Walter Parkes, Laurie Macdonald & Tom Szentgyorgyi". Deadline Hollywood. 2016-10-23. Retrieved 2016-10-23.
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