Sniper (1993 film)

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Sniper poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byLuis Llosa
Produced byRobert L. Rosen
Written by
  • Michael Frost Beckner
  • Crash Leyland
Music byGary Chang
CinematographyBill Butler
Edited byM. Scott Smith
Distributed byTriStar Pictures
Release date
  • January 29, 1993 (1993-01-29)
Running time
99 minutes
CountryUnited States
Box office$19 million[1]

Sniper is a 1993 American action film directed by Luis Llosa. The film stars Tom Berenger and Billy Zane as snipers on an assassination mission in Panama. The first installment in the Sniper film series and was followed by seven direct-to-video sequels: Sniper 2, Sniper 3, Sniper: Reloaded, Sniper: Legacy, Sniper: Ghost Shooter, Sniper: Ultimate Kill and Sniper: Assassin's End. It was shot in Queensland, Australia, and debuted at number two in the United States.


Master Gunnery Sergeant Thomas Beckett (Tom Berenger), Force Reconnaissance Marine, an experienced sniper, and his spotter, Cpl. Papich (Aden Young), are on a mission to assassinate a Panamanian rebel leader in the jungle. Because they are extracted in daylight instead of at night, Papich is killed by a sniper. Beckett runs back under fire to carry Papich's body to the helicopter.

Later, Beckett is paired up with an inexperienced civilian, Richard Miller (Zane), to eliminate a rebel general financed by a Colombian drug lord. Miller is an Olympic medalist and SWAT team sharpshooter, but he has no combat experience or confirmed kills to his name. While on the way to the staging area, Miller's helicopter is attacked by a guerrilla, and several members of the crew are killed. Miller is unable to take out the attacker; instead, the chopper's dying gunner makes the kill, but the co-pilot believes Miller made the crucial shot, earning Miller a false reputation.

On the mission, Beckett insists on deviating from the plan that Miller was given. This, together with the fact that Miller has no experience or aptitude for jungle operations, sparks friction between the two. Early on, they encounter a group of Indians, who agree to lead them past the rebel guerrillas, in return for a favor: they must agree to eliminate El Cirujano ("The Surgeon"), an ex-CIA agent and expert in torture who has been aiding the rebels. Beckett agrees to do so.

Uncertain of Miller's reliability and skeptical about his "kill" while aboard the helicopter, he tells Miller to kill El Cirujano in order to prove himself. However, when the time comes, Miller fails again by first firing a "warning shot," followed by a shot at Cirujano's head. Cirujano is able to dodge the head shot by ducking under it into the river in which he has been swimming. In the ensuing firefight with the alarmed guerrillas, one of the Indians is killed. Although the Indians do not directly blame either Beckett or Miller, they withdraw further help.

En route to the target, they realize they are being followed. They head to a village to contact their informant, a priest, only to find that he has been tortured and murdered by Alvarez's men well before they arrived. Beckett speculates out loud that it is the work of El Cirujano, calling into question Miller's credibility. That night, Beckett marks their track to bait the follower – the sniper that killed Papich – into a trap and uses Miller as bait to pull the sniper out of hiding to take him out.

The two men finally reach the general's hacienda. While waiting for their targets to emerge, they find Cirujano to be alive after all. Miller isn't hidden very well, and is spotted by one of the guards trying to sneak up on Miller. Beckett kills Miller's attacker while Miller takes out the drug lord. Having had to save Miller's life instead of killing the general, Beckett insists on going back to take out the general. Miller's refusal leads to an exchange of fire between Beckett and Miller. Miller ceases after running out of ammunition and suffers a mental breakdown.

As rebels close in on the two, Beckett attempts to provide cover fire for Miller. Seeing himself outnumbered, he surrenders to the rebels and, knowing Miller is watching, stealthily ejects a round from the chamber of his rifle while holding it up, then drops the bullet on the ground; Miller picks it up after Beckett is taken away.

With nighttime approaching, Miller goes to the extraction site, but instead of boarding the helicopter, he heads to the base camp, where he kills the general with his knife. He finds Beckett being tortured by El Cirujano, who has cut off the trigger finger of Beckett's right hand. Beckett spots Miller in the distance and uses a ploy to both distract Cirujano and mouth Miller instruction to kill both of them with one shot. Instead, Miller sticks to "one shot, one kill" and shoots Cirujano in the head. The two run to the helicopter for extraction, and Beckett once again saves Miller's life: using his left hand, he shoots an ambushing sniper. The final scene shows Beckett and Miller on the way back home.


  • Tom Berenger as MGySgt. Thomas Beckett
  • Billy Zane as GySgt. Richard Miller
  • J. T. Walsh as Chester van Damme
  • Aden Young as Cpl. Doug Papich
  • Ken Radley as El Cirujano
  • Reynaldo Arenas as Cacique
  • Gary Swanson as NSC Officer in Washington
  • Hank Garrett as Admiral in Washington
  • Frederick Miragliotta as General Miguel Alavarez
  • Vanessa Steele as Mrs. Alvarez


Billy Zane was cast after his starring role in Dead Calm raised his profile. Director Luis Llosa, who grew up watching American films, called modern films "cartoonish and antiseptic" in their depiction of violence; he said that he wanted to bring back a sense of impact to killing.[2] It was shot in Queensland, Australia.[3]


Box office[edit]

Sniper was held back from release in 1992.[4] It debuted at number two at the box office[5] on January 29, 1993, in 1551 theaters and went on to gross $18,994,653 in the US.[1]

Critical reception[edit]

Rotten Tomatoes, a review aggregator, reports that 42% of twelve surveyed critics gave the film a positive review; the average rating was 4.7/10.[6] Roger Ebert rated it 3/4 stars and wrote, "Sniper expresses a cool competence that is a pleasure to watch. It isn't a particularly original film, but what it does, it does well."[7] Variety called it "an expertly directed, yet ultimately unsatisfying psychological thriller" that is "undermined by underdeveloped characters and pedestrian dialogue."[3] Vincent Canby of The New York Times described it as "partly a badly choreographed action drama and partly a psychological exploration of Beckett's mind, which comes up empty."[8]

Michael Wilmington of the Los Angeles Times called it a shallow film that does not explore the themes suggested by the script and instead turns into a bloodless, macho video game.[9] Clifford Terry of the Chicago Tribune called it a formulaic male-bonding drama that features a Hollywood odd-coupling.[10] Richard Harrington of The Washington Post criticized the lack of character progression and the implausible conclusion.[11]

Stephen Wigler of The Baltimore Sun called it a "poorly written, badly directed film" that substitutes violence for sex.[12] Marjorie Baumgarten of the Austin Chronicle rated it 3.5/5 stars and wrote, "Sniper does little that's terribly original but that which it does, it does with great competence and grace."[13]

Home media[edit]

Columbia TriStar Home Video released it on VHS in August 1993,[14] LaserDisc in September 1993,[15] and on DVD in October 1998.[16]


Sniper spawned seven sequels: Sniper 2 in 2003, Sniper 3 in 2004, Sniper: Reloaded in 2011, Sniper: Legacy in 2014, Sniper: Ghost Shooter in 2016, Sniper: Ultimate Kill in 2017 and Sniper: Assassin's End in 2020. Sniper: Reloaded, Sniper: Ghost Shooter and Sniper: Ultimate Kill features Billy Zane's role of Richard Miller from the first Sniper film reprised, having himself become a sniper following his Panamanian tour experience with Thomas Beckett.


  1. ^ a b "Sniper". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2014-02-14.
  2. ^ Koltnow, Barry (1993-01-31). "'Psycho hunk' gets a new role". Toledo Blade. Knight Ridder News Service. p. H2. Retrieved 2014-02-14.
  3. ^ a b "Review: 'Sniper'". Variety. 1993. Retrieved 2014-02-14.
  4. ^ Frook, John Evan (1993-01-05). "B.O. year: First among sequels". Variety. Retrieved 2014-02-14.
  5. ^ Welkos, Robert W. (1993-02-02). "Weekend Box Office 'Sniper' Takes Aim at 'Aladdin'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2010-11-18.
  6. ^ "Sniper (1993)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2014-02-14.
  7. ^ Ebert, Roger (1993-01-29). "Sniper". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 2014-02-14.
  8. ^ Canby, Vincent (1993-01-29). "Sniper (1992)". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-02-14.
  9. ^ Wilmington, Michael (1993-01-29). "MOVIE REVIEW: 'Sniper' Is Too Quick on the Trigger". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2014-02-14.
  10. ^ Terry, Clifford (1993-01-29). "`Sniper' Feels Rush But Misses Mark". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2014-02-14.
  11. ^ Harrington, Richard (1993-01-30). "'Sniper' (R)". Washington Post. Retrieved 2014-02-14.
  12. ^ Wigler, Stephen (1993-01-30). "Violent 'Sniper' a decidedly poor shot at a buddy film". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2014-02-14.
  13. ^ Baumgarten, Marjorie (1993-02-05). "Sniper". Austin Chronicle. Retrieved 2014-02-14.
  14. ^ "New Releases". Reading Eagle. 1993-07-30. p. W17. Retrieved 2014-02-14.
  15. ^ Saltzman, Barbara (1993-09-10). "A Compelling Look at Bruce, Brandon Lee". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2014-02-14.
  16. ^ Olson, Karen Torme (1998-10-22). "Oct. 27 Releases (dates Subject To Change)". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2014-02-14.

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