Snipes (video game)
Snipes game screengrab
|Developer(s)||Drew Major, Dale Neibaur, Mark Hurst|
v1.0 / 1983
|Operating system||Novell NetWare|
Snipes (diminutive for Snipers) is a text-mode networked computer game that was created in 1983 by SuperSet Software. Snipes is officially credited as being the original inspiration for NetWars. It was one of the earliest text mode multi player computer games, running on Novell Netware systems.
The objective of the game is to control your creature by moving it around a maze to destroy snipes and their hives, and/or destroy other networked players.
The player must first specify the number of snipes, hives and difficulty before they play. Each game is different because the computer generates a random new maze.
The creature is moved using the keyboard arrow keys and shoots in different directions with the A, S, D and W keys. By combining keys, diagonal movement and shooting can be achieved. Pressing the spacebar can provide extra velocity to run away from difficult situations from the snipes.
Several level options are available. First, a letter is chosen, which controls the environment settings: what bad guys are available, their accuracy at attacking, whether or not the player's diagonal shots bounce off walls, whether running into a wall will simply block or kill you, and whether the hives have a partial resistance to snipes' shots. The next choice is a number, which controls the maximum number of snipes that may exist, how many hives are initially created within the maze, and how many lives the player is given.
A requirement to play the multiplayer version of Snipes is that all users share a common network drive. It suggests that the various clients communicate to each other via shared file. The exact implementation details of this is not known but experiments have shown that Snipes can be played between Windows workstations in a "DOS" window under Windows XP, provided that each user maps a drive to the executable location with read/write rights. This also implies that IPX is not directly used by Snipes to communicate between clients. A re-implementation was also made for Linux.
A newer implementation of the game was developed and shipped with NetWare Lite 1.1 in September 1991. Its NLSNIPES.EXE executable had a filesize of less than 18 KB. It was replaced by the NetWars 2.06 game, that came bundled with Personal NetWare 1.0 and Novell DOS 7 since late 1993.
Porting to Windows and Linux
In July 2016, a port of the original Snipes was posted to GitHub. The port was done by reverse engineering the original code and permission was granted by Drew Major and Kyle Powell to make it public. The full source code, written in C/C++ is available here:
- Novell. Upgrade to NetWare Lite 1.1 for DOS and Win. 1995-11-03 ().
- "VOGONS • View topic - Snipes ported to C/C++ with 100% logic compatibility and replay recording". www.vogons.org. Retrieved 2016-08-25.