Snoqualmie Indian Tribe

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Snoqualmie Indian Tribe
Snoqualmie Tribal Government Campus.jpeg
Snoqualmie Tribal Government Campus,
Snoqualmie, Washington
Total population
approximately 650
Regions with significant populations
City of Snoqualmie
City of North Bend
Greater Seattle Area
Washington (state) Washington
United StatesUnited States
Languages
English, Southern Lushootseed
Religion
Christianity, traditional tribal religion
Related ethnic groups
other Snoqualmie people

The Snoqualmie Indian Tribe (S·dukʷalbixʷ), is a federally recognized tribe of Snoqualmie people. They are Coast Salish Native American peoples from the Snoqualmie Valley in east King and Snohomish Counties in Washington state.

History[edit]

Some Snoqualmies settled onto the Tulalip Reservation after signing the Point Elliott Treaty with the Washington Territory in 1855, but many remained in their ancestral homelands around the Snoqualmie Valley and Lake Sammamish. At that time they were one of the largest tribes in the Puget Sound region numbering around 4,000.[1] They have tried and failed on several occasions to secure a reservation on their ancestral lands along the Tolt River (a tributary of the Snoqualmie River). Instead, they purchased land for and were granted a reservation near Snoqualmie, Washington, on which the tribe opened the Snoqualmie Casino in 2008.[2]

Recognition by the United States[edit]

The tribe lost federal recognition in 1953. In October 1999, the Bureau of Indian Affairs once again granted recognition to the Snoqualmie.[3]

Government[edit]

The Snoqualmie Tribe is governed by a Tribal constitution and an elected Council. The Tribe's governing structure includes building codes, health codes and other standard governmental functions.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Krishnan, Sonia (2005-01-04). "Snoqualmie Tribe on road to self-sufficiency". nathpo.org.
  2. ^ Miletich, Steve (2008-11-02). "Snoqualmie Tribe's big bet: The casino that almost wasn't". The Seattle Times. Retrieved March 6, 2019.
  3. ^ "Snoqualmie Tribe History" (website). Governor's Office of Indian Affairs. Retrieved 7 March 2008.

Further reading[edit]

  • Tweddell, Colin E. The Snoqualmie-Duwamish Dialects of Puget Sound Coast Salish: An Outline of Phonemics and Morphology. University of Washington publications in anthropology, v. 12. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1950.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 47°31′09″N 121°50′30″W / 47.51917°N 121.84167°W / 47.51917; -121.84167