Snow Hill, North Carolina

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Snow Hill, North Carolina
Town
Official seal of Snow Hill, North Carolina
Seal
Motto: "A Nice Place to Live"
Location of Snow Hill, North Carolina
Location of Snow Hill, North Carolina
Coordinates: 35°27′N 77°40′W / 35.450°N 77.667°W / 35.450; -77.667Coordinates: 35°27′N 77°40′W / 35.450°N 77.667°W / 35.450; -77.667
Country United States
State North Carolina
County Greene
Founded 1828
Government
 • Mayor Dennis Liles
Area
 • Total 1.5 sq mi (4.0 km2)
 • Land 1.5 sq mi (4.0 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 89 ft (27 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,595
 • Density 1,029/sq mi (397.4/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 28580
Area code(s) 252
FIPS code 37-62760[1]
GNIS feature ID 0995074[2]
Website www.snowhillnc.com

Snow Hill is a town in Greene County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 1,595 at the 2010 census.[3] It is the county seat of Greene County[4] and is part of the Greenville Metropolitan Area. Snow Hill hosts numerous tennis tournaments during the year. Snow Hill is home to the Green Ridge Racquet Club. Many junior players and adults travel to Snow Hill in order to play in the USTA (United States Tennis Association) Sanctioned tournaments.

History[edit]

In its early history, Snow Hill was near the location of the final major battle of the Tuscarora War at Fort Neoheroka in 1713. There are several theories for the derivation of the town's name. One theory is that the town derived its name from the Contentnea Creek on whose banks Native Americans camped and called them "snowy white," which was translated into "snowy hills." It snows rarely, however, so the snowy white is more likely a reference to the white sands along the creek. Another theory was described by McLoud in the Goldsboro newspaper as being "loblolly pine is in water," and the most recent translation from the Tuscarora language offered was "as fish go by."

Originally a community in central Greene County, the town of Snow Hill was chartered in 1828. The town almost became the capital of North Carolina[citation needed] and was originally a major trading depot on Contentnea Creek. At the time, Contentnea Creek was a main Wilson to New Bern trading artery. Contentnea Creek connects with the Neuse River at Kinston.[5]

In April 2011, a tornado struck the town and caused massive damage.

The Greene County Courthouse, Neoheroka Fort Site, Snow Hill Colored High School, Snow Hill Historic District, and St. Barnabas Episcopal Church are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[6]

Geography[edit]

Snow Hill is located south of the center of Greene County at 35°26′48″N 77°40′24″W / 35.446604°N 77.673224°W / 35.446604; -77.673224,[7] on a low bluff on the south side of Contentnea Creek. U.S. Route 13 passes through the north side of the town, leading northeast 23 miles (37 km) to Greenville and southwest 21 miles (34 km) to Goldsboro. U.S. Route 258 passes through the center of town, leading north 11 miles (18 km) to Farmville and south 16 miles (26 km) to Kinston.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Snow Hill has a total area of 1.5 square miles (4.0 km2), all of it land.[3]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 320
1880 332 3.8%
1890 283 −14.8%
1900 405 43.1%
1910 450 11.1%
1920 700 55.6%
1930 826 18.0%
1940 928 12.3%
1950 946 1.9%
1960 1,043 10.3%
1970 1,359 30.3%
1980 1,374 1.1%
1990 1,378 0.3%
2000 1,514 9.9%
2010 1,595 5.4%
Est. 2015 1,574 [8] −1.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 1,595 people residing in the town. The racial makeup of the town was 52.6% Black, 36.3% White, 0.2% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.1% from some other race and 1.1% from two or more races. 8.7% were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 1,514 people, 627 households, and 381 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,286.8 people per square mile (495.4/km2). There were 683 housing units at an average density of 580.5 per square mile (223.5/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 48.81% African American, 47.03% White, 0.40% Native American, 0.07% Asian, 2.97% from other races, and 0.73% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.30% of the population.

There were 627 households out of which 23.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.0% were married couples living together, 18.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.2% were non-families. 36.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.4% had someone living alone, who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.85.

In the town, the population was spread out with 18.9% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 23.3% from 25 to 44, 24.4% from 45 to 64, and 24.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 81.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 74.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $25,795, and the median income for a family was $29,213. Males had a median income of $25,625 versus $20,556 for females. The per capita income for the town was $15,904. About 15.3% of families and 20.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.1% of those under age 18 and 26.5% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Schools in Snow Hill are administered by the Greene County Public School system. The six schools include Greene Central High School, a.k.a. "Ram Nation," Greene Early College High School, a.k.a. "The Harvard of Greene County," Greene County Middle School, Greene County Intermediate School, Snow Hill Primary School and West Greene Elementary School.[10] Higher education is provided through nearby East Carolina University or community colleges located in Goldsboro, Greenville and Kinston.

Transportation[edit]

The closest airport to Snow Hill is Pitt-Greenville Airport (IATA: PGVICAO: KPGVFAA LID: PGV) with service to Charlotte Douglas International Airport, although most residents use Raleigh-Durham International Airport for domestic and international travel.

Highways that run through the city include US 13, US 258, NC 903, NC 58 and NC 91. The closest Interstate Highway is I-795, located 21 miles (34 km) to the west in Fremont.

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Snow Hill town, North Carolina". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved January 6, 2017. 
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ Town of Snow Hill in Greene County, North Carolina: History of Snow Hill, NC
  6. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  10. ^ Greene County Schools

External links[edit]