Snub square tiling

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Snub square tiling
Snub square tiling
Type Semiregular tiling
Vertex configuration Snub square tiling vertfig.png
3.3.4.3.4
Schläfli symbol s{4,4}
sr{4,4}
Wythoff symbol | 4 4 2
Coxeter diagram CDel node h.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node h.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.png
CDel node h.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node h.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node h.png
Symmetry p4g, [4+,4], (4*2)
Rotation symmetry p4, [4,4]+, (442)
Bowers acronym Snasquat
Dual Cairo pentagonal tiling
Properties Vertex-transitive

In geometry, the snub square tiling is a semiregular tiling of the Euclidean plane. There are three triangles and two squares on each vertex. It has Schläfli symbol of s{4,4}.

Conway calls it a snub quadrille, constructed by a snub operation applied to a square tiling (quadrille).

There are 3 regular and 8 semiregular tilings in the plane.

Uniform colorings[edit]

There are two distinct uniform colorings of a snub square tiling. (Naming the colors by indices around a vertex (3.3.4.3.4): 11212, 11213.)

Coloring Uniform tiling 44-h01.png
11212
Uniform tiling 44-snub.png
11213
Symmetry 4*2, [4+,4], (p4g) 442, [4,4]+, (p4)
Schläfli symbol s{4,4} sr{4,4}
Wythoff symbol   | 4 4 2
Coxeter diagram CDel node h.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node h.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.png CDel node h.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node h.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node h.png

Circle packing[edit]

The snub square tiling can be used as a circle packing, placing equal diameter circles at the center of every point. Every circle is in contact with 5 other circles in the packing (kissing number).[1]

Snub square tiling circle packing.png

Wythoff construction[edit]

The snub square tiling can be constructed as a snub operation from the square tiling, or as an alternate truncation from the truncated square tiling.

An alternate truncation deletes every other vertex, creating a new triangular faces at the removed vertices, and reduces the original faces to half as many sides. In this case starting with a truncated square tiling with 2 octagons and 1 square per vertex, the octagon faces into squares, and the square faces degenerate into edges and 2 new triangles appear at the truncated vertices around the original square.

If the original tiling is made of regular faces the new triangles will be isosceles. Starting with octagons which alternate long and short edge lengths will produce a snub tiling with perfect equilateral triangle faces.

Example:

Uniform tiling 44-t012.png
Regular octagons alternately truncated
(Alternate
truncation)
Nonuniform tiling 44-snub.png
Isosceles triangles (Nonuniform tiling)
Nonuniform tiling 44-t012-snub.png
Nonregular octagons alternately truncated
(Alternate
truncation)
Uniform tiling 44-snub.png
Equilateral triangles

Related tilings[edit]

This tiling is related to the elongated triangular tiling which also has 3 triangles and two squares on a vertex, but in a different order.

The snub square tiling can be seen related to this 3-colored square tiling, with the yellow and red squares being twisted rigidly and the blue tiles being distorted into rhombi and then bisected into two triangles.
Uniform tiling 44-t02.png

Related polyhedra and tilings[edit]

The snub square tiling is similar to the elongated triangular tiling with vertex configuration 3.3.3.4.4, and two 2-uniform dual tilings and 2 3-uniform duals which mix the two types of pentagons:[2][3]

Vertex type 3-3-3-4-4.svg
3.3.3.4.4
Vertex type 3-3-4-3-4.svg
3.3.4.3.4
snub square tiling 2-uniform
p4g, (4*2) p2, (2222) cmm, (2*22)
1-uniform n9.svg
3.3.4.3.4
2-uniform n17.svg
(3.3.3.4.4; 3.3.4.3.4)
2-uniform n16.svg
(3.3.3.4.4; 3.3.4.3.4)
Elongated triangular tiling 3-uniform
cmm, (2*22) p2, (2222)
1-uniform n8.svg
3.3.3.4.4
3-uniform 53.svg
(3.3.3.4.4; 3.3.4.3.4)
3-uniform 55.svg
(3.3.3.4.4; 3.3.4.3.4)

The snub square tiling is third in a series of snub polyhedra and tilings with vertex figure 3.3.4.3.n.

4n2 symmetry mutations of snub tilings: 3.3.4.3.n
Symmetry
4n2
Spherical Euclidean Compact hyperbolic Paracomp.
242 342 442 542 642 742 842 ∞42
Snub
figures
Spherical square antiprism.png Spherical snub cube.png Uniform tiling 44-snub.png Uniform tiling 54-snub.png Uniform tiling 64-snub.png Uniform tiling 74-snub.png Uniform tiling 84-snub.png Uniform tiling i42-snub.png
Config. 3.3.4.3.2 3.3.4.3.3 3.3.4.3.4 3.3.4.3.5 3.3.4.3.6 3.3.4.3.7 3.3.4.3.8 3.3.4.3.∞
Gyro
figures
Spherical tetragonal trapezohedron.png Spherical pentagonal icositetrahedron.png Tiling Dual Semiregular V3-3-4-3-4 Cairo Pentagonal.svg Order-5-4 floret pentagonal tiling.png
Config. V3.3.4.3.2 V3.3.4.3.3 V3.3.4.3.4 V3.3.4.3.5 V3.3.4.3.6 V3.3.4.3.7 V3.3.4.3.8 V3.3.4.3.∞

The snub square tiling is third in a series of snub polyhedra and tilings with vertex figure 3.3.n.3.n.

4n2 symmetry mutations of snub tilings: 3.3.n.3.n
Symmetry
4n2
Spherical Euclidean Compact hyperbolic Paracompact
222 322 442 552 662 772 882 ∞∞2
Snub
figures
Digonal antiprism.png Pseudoicosahedron-3.png Uniform tiling 44-snub.png Uniform tiling 552-snub.png Uniform tiling 66-snub.png Uniform tiling 77-snub.png Uniform tiling 88-snub.png Uniform tiling ii2-snub.png
Config. 3.3.2.3.2 3.3.3.3.3 3.3.4.3.4 3.3.5.3.5 3.3.6.3.6 3.3.7.3.7 3.3.8.3.8 3.3.∞.3.∞
Gyro
figures
Digonal trapezohedron.png Pyritohedron.png Tiling Dual Semiregular V3-3-4-3-4 Cairo Pentagonal.svg Infinitely-infinite-order floret pentagonal tiling.png
Config. V3.3.2.3.2 V3.3.3.3.3 V3.3.4.3.4 V3.3.5.3.5 V3.3.6.3.6 V3.3.7.3.7 V3.3.8.3.8 V3.3.∞.3.∞
Uniform tilings based on square tiling symmetry
Symmetry: [4,4], (*442) [4,4]+, (442) [4,4+], (4*2)
CDel node 1.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.png CDel node 1.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.png CDel node.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.png CDel node.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node 1.png CDel node.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node 1.png CDel node 1.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node 1.png CDel node 1.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node 1.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node 1.png CDel node h.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node h.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node h.png CDel node.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node h.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node h.png
Uniform tiling 44-t0.png Uniform tiling 44-t01.png Uniform tiling 44-t1.png Uniform tiling 44-t12.png Uniform tiling 44-t2.png Uniform tiling 44-t02.png Uniform tiling 44-t012.png Uniform tiling 44-snub.png Uniform tiling 44-h01.png
{4,4} t{4,4} r{4,4} t{4,4} {4,4} rr{4,4} tr{4,4} sr{4,4} s{4,4}
Uniform duals
CDel node f1.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.png CDel node f1.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node f1.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.png CDel node.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node f1.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.png CDel node.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node f1.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node f1.png CDel node.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node f1.png CDel node f1.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node f1.png CDel node f1.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node f1.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node f1.png CDel node fh.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node fh.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node fh.png CDel node.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node fh.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node fh.png
Uniform tiling 44-t0.png Tetrakis square tiling.png Uniform tiling 44-t0.png Tetrakis square tiling.png Uniform tiling 44-t0.png Uniform tiling 44-t0.png Tetrakis square tiling.png Tiling Dual Semiregular V3-3-4-3-4 Cairo Pentagonal.svg
V4.4.4.4 V4.8.8 V4.4.4.4 V4.8.8 V4.4.4.4 V4.4.4.4 V4.8.8 V3.3.4.3.4

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Order in Space: A design source book, Keith Critchlow, p.74-75, circle pattern C
  2. ^ Chavey, D. (1989). "Tilings by Regular Polygons—II: A Catalog of Tilings". Computers & Mathematics with Applications 17: 147–165. doi:10.1016/0898-1221(89)90156-9. 
  3. ^ http://www.uwgb.edu/dutchs/symmetry/uniftil.htm

External links[edit]