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Moomins character
Snufkin at Moomin World
First appearanceComet in Moominland
Created byTove Jansson
FamilyMymble (mother)
RelativesLittle My (half-sister)
Mymble (mother)
Mymble's Daughter (older half-sister)
The Joxter (father)
And numerous other half-brothers and -sisters

Snufkin (original Swedish: Snusmumrik[en] or Mumrik[en], Finnish: Nuuskamuikkunen or Muikkunen) is a character in the Moomin series of books authored by Swedish-speaking Finn Tove Jansson, appearing in six of the nine books. He is the best friend of the series' protagonist, Moomintroll, and lives a nomadic lifestyle, only staying in Moominvalley in the spring and summer, but leaving for warmer climates down south every winter.[1][2] He is the son of the elder Mymble and the Joxter, and is half-brother to the Mymble's daughter and Little My.

Snufkin wears old green clothes and a wide-brimmed hat that he has had since birth. He lives in a tent, smokes a pipe and plays the harmonica. Snufkin also has a great dislike for authority figures such as the Park Keeper, and the many regulation signs and fences he erects. At one point, he sabotages the Park Keeper by planting Hattifatteners in his garden, causing them to grow and drive him out. He has a great hatred for all symbols of private property, even losing his temper with the Hemulen after the latter attempts to put up a sign declaring "Moominvalley."[3] His first appearance is in the second book, Comet in Moominland.[4]

Tove Jansson based the character of Snufkin on her friend and one-time fiancé, Atos Wirtanen.[citation needed]


The character has a mostly positive reception.[5][6][2]


  1. ^ Berthoud, Ella; Elderkin, Susan (5 September 2013). "The Novel Cure: An A to Z of Literary Remedies". Canongate Books. Retrieved 16 December 2016 – via Google Books.
  2. ^ a b AbdelRahim, Layla (5 December 2014). "Children's Literature, Domestication, and Social Foundation: Narratives of Civilization and Wilderness". Routledge. Retrieved 16 December 2016 – via Google Books.
  3. ^ Jansson 1974, p. 77.
  4. ^ Jones 1984, pp. 29–30.
  5. ^ Jones, W. Glyn (1 January 1984). "Tove Jansson". Twayne Publishers. Retrieved 16 December 2016 – via Google Books.
  6. ^ Lurie, Alison (11 January 2011). "Boys And Girls Forever". Random House. Retrieved 16 December 2016 – via Google Books.


  • Jansson, Tove (1974). Moominvalley in November. London: Penguin Books. ISBN 978-0-374-45309-1.
  • Jones, W. Glyn (1984). Vägen från Muminsalen (in Swedish). Hangö: Bonniers. ISBN 91-0-046191-1.