Sobrante Park, Oakland, California
Coordinates: Sobrante Park is a neighborhood located in East Oakland, California, which is partially separated from the rest of the city by two railroad tracks and San Leandro Creek. It was built shortly after World War II, first as a White-Only Lockout and then gradually becoming a White flight red-zone in the mid to late 50's, and in the early 60's it became a working-class black neighborhood. It was projected by planners that there would be no in-road into SanLeandro's Davis St. residential area which was developed during the same period.
In the 1980s the neighborhood became a center of crack cocaine dealing. A large gang from the neighborhood gave itself the nickname, "11-5" (or "11-500") which refers to the section of California State's legal code for drug crimes. A memorial to 32 men and six women members of the gang who have been killed since then (as of 2002) was painted on the basketball court in Tyrone Carney Park, a local park named after a young man from the neighborhood who died in the Vietnam war. The city installed a fence around the park in an attempt to reduce the murders and drug dealing that had been taking place in and around the park.
Recently, the Alameda County Department of Health, local organizations, and community members established a Time Bank project for the neighborhood in order to facilitate skill sharing among residents, rebuild trust, and revitalize the community of Sobrante Park. [clarification needed]
- Jim Herron Zamorada (November 9, 2002). "Oakland fences off Tyrone Carney Park, home of brazen drug gang; Election day shooting was the last straw". San Francisco Chronicle.
- "Truly lame idea for gun exchange", December 1, 2006, S.F. Chronicle
- Gunman chases down Oakland's 78th homicide victim, SF Chronicle, September 8, 2002
- "How We Survive: The Currency of Giving (encore) Making Contact, produced by National Radio Project. December 21, 2010.