Central Mindanao (formerly)
Location in the Philippines
|• Total||22,513.30 km2 (8,692.43 sq mi)|
|• Density||200/km2 (520/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (PST)|
|ISO 3166 code||PH-12|
Socsksargen (officially styled as SOCSKSARGEN) (pronounced [sokˈsardʒɛn]), formerly known simply as Cotabato or Kota Bato, is an administrative region of the Philippines, located in south-central Mindanao. It is numerically designated as Region XII. The name is an acronym that stands for the region's four provinces and 2 cities (South Cotabato, Cotabato Province, Sultan Kudarat, Sarangani and General Santos). The region used to be called Central Mindanao. The regional center is in Koronadal located in the province of South Cotabato, and the center of commerce and industry is General Santos, which is the most populous city in the Region.
- 1 Geography
- 2 History
- 3 Administrative divisions
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Government
- 6 Poverty Incidence
- 7 Economy
- 8 Musical heritage
- 9 References
- 10 External links
The region is bounded on the north by Northern Mindanao, on the east by the Davao Region, and on the southwest by the Celebes Sea. The province of Maguindanao is situated between Cotabato City, North Cotabato province, and Sultan Kudarat.
The region has extensive coastlines, valleys and mountain ranges. Known for its river system, the region is the drainage basin of Mindanao, particularly at the Cotabato Basin, a large depression surrounded by mountain ranges on three sides. Within the basin runs the Rio Grande de Mindanao, the longest river in Mindanao and the second longest in the Philippines. The river empties into the Illana Bay of the larger Moro Gulf at the west of Cotabato City.
The oldest civilization in the region is located in Maitum, Sarangani, where the Maitum Anthropomorphic Pottery were found. The jars have been declared as National Cultural Treasures, and are subject to the high protections ensured by Philippine and international laws.
The region used to be named Central Mindanao. Prior to the creation of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) it comprised the following provinces:
With the creation of ARMM, Lanao del Sur,and Maguindanao (excluding Cotabato City) were removed from the region, leaving Lanao del Norte, Cotabato and Sultan Kudarat, and Iligan, Marawi and Cotabato City as constituent provinces and cities. Lanao del Norte and Iligan were later transferred to Northern Mindanao, while Marawi became part of the ARMM.
On September 2001, Executive Order No. 36 was signed by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo transferring South Cotabato, Sarangani, General Santos (also known as the SocSarGen District), and Koronadal from Southern Mindanao to Region XII, and renaming the region, from Central Mindanao, to SOCCSKSARGEN.
Koronadal City, New Regional Center
By virtue of Executive Order No. 304 signed by then President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, Koronadal City was named as the Regional political and socio-economic center of SOCCSKSARGEN on March 30, 2004. Regional departments, bureaus and offices were ordered to move from Cotabato City, the former Regional Center of the Region.
Cotabato City Exit
Traditionally resisting efforts for inclusion to the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao despite serving as the government center of the ARMM, the January 21, 2019 Bangsamoro Autonomous Region creation plebiscite resulted in the surprise ratification of the Bangsamoro Organic Law. This means Cotabato City may now formally serve as the capital of the region and the offices of the current ARMM will be retained for use by the Bangsamoro Regional Government and now formaly exited to the SOCCSKSARGEN Region.
|Province or City||Capital||Population (2015)||Area||Density||Cities||Muni.||Bgy.|
|km2||sq mi||/km2||/sq mi|
- Kidapawan — the only city of Cotabato province
- Koronadal — the political regional center of Soccsksargen
- Tacurong — only city of Sultan Kudarat
- General Santos — a highly urbanized city, it serves as the center of the Metropolitan and Regional Center for trade and industry of Soccsksargen.
as of 2015
as of 2012
as of 2015
|1.||General Santos||492.86||594,446||P1.175 billion||Php 1,086.25 million||1st|
(including South Cotabato)
|Php 504.77 million||3rd|
(including Cotabato Province)
|Php 509.68 million||3rd|
(including Sultan Kudarat Province)
|Php 350.57 million||4th|
|Population census of SOCCSKSARGEN|
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority|
- Cotabato — Gov. Emmylou "Lala" J. Talino-Mendoza (Liberal)
- South Cotabato — Gov. Daisy Avance-Fuentes (NPC)
- Sultan Kudarat — Gov. Datu Suharto "Teng" T. Mangudadatu (Liberal)
- Sarangani — Gov. Steve C. Solon (UNA)
- General Santos City (HUC)— Mayor Ronnel “Nel” Rivera
SOCCSKSARGEN’s annual per capita poverty threshold is the fourth lowest at PhP21,025 in 2015. It has the fourth highest poverty incidence at 37.3 percent and the fifth highest magnitude of poor population, with 1,716,649.
As of the 2015 Poverty Census, South Cotabato has the highest annual per capita poverty threshold among the provinces in SOCCSKSARGEN at PhP22,147, followed by Sarangani at PhP20,753, Sultan Kudarat at PhP20,620, and North Cotabato at PhP20,555. Cotabato City has a poverty threshold of PhP21,825.
Sarangani has the highest poverty incidence – 55.2 percent — among the region’s provinces, and the fourth highest countrywide.
Sultan Kudarat has the second highest poverty incidence at 48 percent, followed by North Cotabato at 41.4 percent, and South Cotabato at 24.6 percent. Cotabato City has a poverty incidence of 31.6 percent.
North Cotabato has the highest magnitude of poor population among the provinces in SOCCSKSARGEN, with 615,923, followed by South Cotabato with 411,404, Sultan Kudarat with 393,833, and Sarangani with 233,164. Cotabato City has a poor population of 62,325.
The culture of native Maguindanaon and other native groups, both Muslim and non-Muslim, revolves around kulintang music, a specific type of gong music, found in the SoCCSKSarGent.
- Census of Population (2015). Highlights of the Philippine Population 2015 Census of Population. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- "Executive Order No. 36; Providing for the Reorganization of the Administrative Regions in Mindanao and for Other Purposes". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Malacañang, Manila, Philippines. 19 September 2001. Retrieved 29 March 2016.
SECTION 4. Region XII is hereby reorganized to be known as SOCCSKSARGEN and shall be composed of the following provinces and cities: a. Provinces i. North Cotabato ii. Sarangani iii. South Cotabato iv. Sultan Kudarat b. Cities i. Cotabato City ii. General Santos City iii. Kidapawan City iv. Koronadal City v. Tacurong City
- Wernstedt, Frederick L.; Spencer, Joseph Earl (1978). The Philippine Island World: A Physical, Cultural, and Regional Geography. Berkeley: University of California Press. pp. 32–37. ISBN 9780520035133. Retrieved 27 January 2016.
- Hinz, Erhard (1985). Human Helminthiases in the Philippines the Epidemiological and Geomedical Situation. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg. pp. 129–131. ISBN 9783642708411. Retrieved 27 January 2016.
- "2000 Census of Population and Housing; Central Mindanao: Literacy Rate at 87 Percent". Philippine Statistics Authority. 9 December 2002. Retrieved 29 March 2016.
As of May 1, 2000, the total population of Central Mindanao which covers the provinces of Lanao del Norte, North Cotabato, and Sultan Kudarat; and the cities of Iligan, Marawi and Cotabato, was 2,598,210 persons.
- "Southern Mindanao Is Now All Davao Region". RDC XI Bulletin (Oct-Dec 2001, Volume 7). National Statistical Coordination Board. 29 January 2002. Archived from the original on 2 January 2016. Retrieved 29 March 2016.
Southern Mindanao or Region XI is now known as Davao Region and comprises four provinces (Compostela Valley, Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur and Davao Oriental) and five cities (Davao, Digos, Panabo, Tagum and the Island Garden City of Samal. Said provinces and cities are situated along the Davao Gulf area. South Cotabato, Sarangani, General Santos City (SOCSARGEN) and Koronadal City, which were part of the old Region XI) have been transferred to Region XII.
- "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 20 March 2013.
- "List of Cities". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 20 March 2013.
- Zonio, Aquiles Z. "Central Mindanao PH's top tax revenue generator next to Metro Manila". business.inquirer.net. Retrieved 2017-05-18.
- NEDA launches regional dev’t plan in SOCCSKSARGEN.
- Media related to SOCCSKSARGEN at Wikimedia Commons
- National Statistical Coordination Board: REGION XII (SOCCSKSARGEN)