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For the village in Poland, see Socha, Łódź Voivodeship.
Municipality and town
Flag of Socha
Location of the municipality and town of Socha in the Boyacá Department of Colombia.
Location of the municipality and town of Socha in the Boyacá Department of Colombia.
Country  Colombia
Department Boyacá Department
Province Valderrama Province
Founded 22 October 1540
 • Mayor Parmenio Rivera
 • Municipality and town 151 km2 (58 sq mi)
 • Urban 1.5 km2 (0.6 sq mi)
Elevation 2,669 m (8,757 ft)
Population (2015)
 • Municipality and town 7,140
 • Density 47/km2 (120/sq mi)
 • Urban 3,836
Time zone Colombia Standard Time (UTC-5)
Website Official website

Socha is a town and municipality in the Colombian Department of Boyacá, part of the Valderrama Province, which is a subregion of Boyacá. It borders Socotá in the east, Sativasur in the north, Tasco in the south and in the west Paz de Río.


The village is located in the Eastern Ranges at altitudes between 2,600 metres (8,500 ft) and 4,000 metres (13,000 ft).[1] Socha is the largest municipality in the Natural National Park Páramo de Pisba. The Chicamocha River forms the northern boundary of Socha.


Before the Spanish conquest of the Muisca on the Altiplano Cundiboyacense, Socha was inhabited by the indigenous Pirgua and Boche tribes, belonging to the Muisca.[1]

Simón Bolívar passed through Socha in his march for the independence of Colombia. The town center was moved in 1870 due to a landslide. Close to the Boche waterfall in the municipality petroglyphs have been found.[1]

The name Socha is derived from the Chibcha words So ("Sun"; Sué) and Cha ("Moon"; Chía), "Land of the Sun and the Moon".[2]


Main economical activity of Socha is coal and sandstone mining. To a lesser extent also livestock farming and agriculture are executed.[1]

Born in Socha[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d (Spanish) Official website Socha - accessed 06-05-2016
  2. ^ (Spanish) Etymology Socha - accessed 06-05-2016

Coordinates: 6°00′N 72°40′W / 6.000°N 72.667°W / 6.000; -72.667