Société des Avions Bernard

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Société des Avions Bernard
Industry Aeronautics, defence
Fate Merged
Founded 1917
Founder Adolphe Bernard
Defunct 1936
Headquarters La Courneuve, France
Key people
Jean Hubert
Products Aircraft

Société des Avions Bernard (French: Bernard Aircraft Company) was a French aircraft manufacturer of the early 20th century. It was founded in April 1917 by Adolphe Bernard as Etablissements Adolphe Bernard to licence-built SPAD fighters. Immediately after the war the company was reorganised as Société Industrielle des Métaux et du Bois ("SIMB") to cover a wider product range. It built no new aircraft until 1922, when an aircraft division was formed with Jean Hubert as head designer. The company was bankrupt in 1927.

Bernard re-formed it a last time under the name Société des Avions Bernard to build a small production run of airliners for CIDNA. In 1935, Hydravions Louis Schreck FBA was purchased. However, the business was struggling again before the French aviation industry was nationalised in 1935.

Aircraft[edit]

The list shows those types which were at least partially built. Data and naming style from Liron (1990).

Etablissements Adolphe Bernard

  • Bernard AB 1 Twin engine medium bomber. 11 built. 1918. The AB 2 was a proposed higher power version.
  • Bernard AB 3 Post carrying version of AB 1, 1920.
  • Bernard AB 4 Unfinished passenger version of AB 2, exhibited 1919.

Société Industrielle des Métaux et du Bois (S.I.M.B.)

Société des Avions Bernard (S.A.B.)

  • Bernard 18 Eight-seat transports. Two built, 1927
  • Bernard 190 Ten-seat transports, Fourteen built, 1928.
  • Bernard 20 Single-seat fighter. One built, 1929.
Laulhé (pilot), Hubert (technical director), Tarascon (pilot) and Bernard (PDG), Bernard-Hubert 18T "Oiseau Tango"
  • Bernard 30 T Twin-fuselage transport. Unfinished 1931.
  • Bernard HV 40 Single-seat racing floatplane. One built 1929.
  • Bernard HV 41 Single-seat racing floatplane. One built 1929.
  • Bernard HV 42 Single-seat racing training floatplane. Three built, one converted from HV 41, 1931.
  • Bernard H 52 Single-seat catapult launched floatplane fighter. Two built, 1933.
  • Bernard 60 T Three-engine fourteen-seat transport. Two built, 1929.
  • Bernard 70 Series of single-seat, single-engine sports and fighters. Three built, 1929.
  • Bernard 80 GR Long-range record holder. One built, 1930. Modified into 81 GR.
  • Bernard 82 Bomber variants of Bernard 80. Two built, 1933. The Bernard 86 was an experimental diesel powered modification, 1936.
  • Bernard H 110 Single-seat floatplane fighter. One built, 1935.
  • Bernard HV 120 Single-seat racing floatplane. Two built, 1930.
  • Bernard 160 Colonial military multi-role aircraft. Two built, 1932.
  • Bernard 200 Series of three/four-seat light aircraft. Four built, 1932.
  • Bernard HV 220 Single-seat racing floatplane. One built, 1931.
  • Bernard 260 Single-seat fighter. Two built, one flown, 1932.
  • Bernard HV 320 Single-seat racing seaplane. Not flown, 1931.
  • Bernard V.4 Derivative of HV 120. Not flown, 1933.

References[edit]

  • Gunston, Bill (1993). World Encyclopedia of Aircraft Manufacturers. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press. pp. 46–47. 
  • Liron, J.L. (1990). Les avions Bernard. Paris: Éditions Larivère.