Social Democratic Alliance
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2013)|
|Social Democratic Alliance
|Chairperson||Árni Páll Árnason|
|Chairperson of the board||Sema Erla Serdar|
|Chairperson of the parliamentary group||Helgi Hjörvar|
|Chairperson of the municipal council||Ólafur Þór Ólafsson|
|Founded||5 May 2000|
|Youth wing||Social Democratic Youth|
|European affiliation||Party of European Socialists (Associate)|
|International affiliation||Socialist International|
|Seats in the Althing||
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|Politics of Iceland
The Social Democratic Alliance (Icelandic: Samfylkingin-Jafnaðarmannaflokkur Íslands) is a social-democratic political party in Iceland. It is centre-left in alignment. It became the largest party in the Icelandic parliament after the 2009 Icelandic election, forming a coalition government along with the Left-Green Movement, until returning to opposition status after the 2013 Icelandic election.
The Social Democratic Alliance was born in the run-up to the parliamentary elections of 1999 as an alliance of the four left-wing parties that had existed in Iceland up till then: the Social Democratic Party, the People's Alliance, the Women's List and National Awakening. The parties then formally merged in May 2000 under the name "The Alliance" (Samfylkingin). The merger was a deliberate attempt to unify the entire Icelandic centre-left into one political party capable of countering the centre-right Independence Party. The initial attempt failed however as a group of Alþingi representatives rejected the new party's platform – which was inspired by that of Tony Blair's New Labour – and broke away before the merger to found the Left-Green Movement, based on more traditional democratic socialist values as well as green politics and euroscepticism. The Icelandic Movement – Living Country merged into the party in March 2009. In February 2013 the official name of the party was changed to "The Alliance – Social Democratic Party of Iceland" (Samfylkingin – Jafnaðarmannaflokkur Íslands).
The current chair of the party is Árni Páll Árnason, who was elected in February 2013 to succeed Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir, the outgoing Prime Minister of Iceland. Katrín Júlíusdóttir, formerly Minister of Industry and Minister of Finance in Jóhanna's cabinet, has been vice chair since the same date. The youth wing of the Social Democratic Alliance is Social Democratic Youth.
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|Ingibjörg Sólrún Gísladóttir||2005–2009|
|Árni Páll Árnason||2013–present|
Members of the parliament
|Árni Páll Árnason||2007||Party Leader||Southwest|
|Helgi Hjörvar||2003||Member of Parliament||Reykjavik South|
|Katrín Júlíusdóttir||2003||Member of Parliament||Southwest|
|Kristján L. Möller||1999||Member of Parliament||Northeast|
|Oddný G. Harðardóttir||2009||Member of Parliament||South|
|Össur Skarphéðinsson||1991||Member of Parliament||Reykjavik North|
|Sigríður Ingibjörg Ingadóttir||2009||Member of Parliament||Reykjavik South|
|Valgerður Bjarnadóttir||2009||Member of Parliament||Reykjavik North|
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