Social Democratic Party (Iceland)

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Social Democratic Party
Alþýðuflokkurinn
Founded 1916
Dissolved May 2000
Merged into Social Democratic Alliance
Ideology Social democracy
International affiliation Socialist International
Colours Red

The Social Democratic Party (Icelandic: Alþýðuflokkurinn, lit. People's Party) was a social-democratic[1] political party in Iceland. It was founded in 1916 as the political representation of the trade unions of Iceland.[2]

Its first member of the Althing, the Icelandic parliament, was Jón Baldvinsson, who was elected in 1920.

The party was a member of the Labour and Socialist International between 1926 and 1940.[3]

Three times the party led the government of Iceland; in 1947-1949 under Stefán Jóhann Stefánsson, in 1958-1959 under Emil Jónsson and under Benedikt Sigurðsson Gröndal in 1979-1980. Its longest participation in government was with the Independence Party from 1959-1971.

The Social Democratic Party was succeeded in 2000 by the Social Democratic Alliance (Samfylkingin), a centre-left party with a wider political base created by the merger of the Social Democratic Party with the People's Alliance, Women's List and National Awakening.

Party chairmen[edit]

Election results[edit]

Election Votes Vote % Seats Place
August 1916 398 Steady 6.8 Steady N/A 6th Steady
October 1916 903.5 Increase 6.8 Steady 1 Steady 6th Steady
1919 949 Increase 6.8 Steady 0 Decrease 4th Increase
1922 2,033 Increase 17.2 Increase N/A 4th Steady
1923 4,912.5 Increase 16.2 Decrease 1 Steady 3rd Increase
1926 3,164 Decrease 22.7 Increase N/A 3rd Steady
1927 6,097.5 Increase 19.0 Decrease 5 Steady 3rd Steady
1930 4,893 Decrease 20.3 Increase N/A 3rd Steady
1931 6,197.5 Increase 16.1 Decrease 4 Steady 3rd Steady
1933 6,864.5 Increase 19.2 Increase 5 Increase 3rd Steady
1934 11,269.5 Increase 21.7 Increase 10 Increase 3rd Steady
1937 11,084.5 Decrease 19.0 Decrease 8 Decrease 3rd Steady
July 1942 8,979 Decrease 15.4 Decrease 6 Decrease 4th Decrease
October 1942 8,455 Decrease 14.2 Decrease 7 Increase 4th Steady
1946 11,914 Increase 17.8 Increase 9 Increase 4th Steady
1949 11,937 Increase 16.5 Decrease 7 Decrease 4th Steady
1953 12,093 Increase 15.6 Decrease 6 Decrease 4th Steady
1956 15,153 Increase 18.3 Increase 8 Increase 3rd Increase
June 1959 10,632 Decrease 12.5 Decrease 6 Decrease 4th Decrease
October 1959 12,909 Increase 15.2 Increase 9 Increase 4th Steady
1963 12,697 Decrease 14.2 Decrease 8 Decrease 4th Steady
1967 15,059 Increase 15.7 Increase 9 Increase 4th Steady
1971 11,020 Decrease 10.5 Decrease 6 Decrease 4th Steady
1974 10,345 Decrease 9.1 Decrease 5 Decrease 4th Steady
1978 26,912 Increase 22.0 Increase 14 Increase 3rd Increase
1979 21,580 Decrease 17.4 Decrease 10 Decrease 4th Decrease
1983 15,214 Decrease 11.7 Decrease 6 Decrease 4th Steady
1987 23,265 Increase 15.2 Increase 10 Increase 3rd Increase
1991 24,459 Increase 15.5 Increase 10 Steady 3rd Steady
1995 18,846 Decrease 11.4 Decrease 7 Decrease 4th Decrease

References[edit]

  1. ^ Oskar Niedermayer; Richard Stöss; Melanie Haas (14 July 2006). Die Parteiensysteme Westeuropas. Springer-Verlag. p. 268. ISBN 978-3-531-14111-4. 
  2. ^ Eiríkur Bergmann Einarsson; Eirikur Bergmann (31 January 2014). Iceland and the International Financial Crisis: Boom, Bust and Recovery. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 34. ISBN 978-1-137-33200-4. 
  3. ^ Kowalski, Werner. Geschichte der sozialistischen arbeiter-internationale: 1923 - 19. Berlin: Dt. Verl. d. Wissenschaften, 1985.