Social Democratic Party of India

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Social Democratic Party of India
PresidentMK Faizey
Founded21 June 2009
HeadquartersC-4, Hazrat Nizamuddin West New Delhi, India-110013
Labour wingSDTU (Social Democratic Trade Union)
IdeologySocial democracy
Social justice
ColoursGreen Red
ECI StatusRegistered-Unrecognized Party by ECI[2]
Party flag
SDPI Flag.jpg
Official Website

The Social Democratic Party of India is an Indian political party linked to Islamist Popular Front Of India[3], founded on 21 June 2009.[4][5] MK Faizey is the party's National President.[6][7]

Charges and accusations[edit]

Kerala CPIM chief accused SDPI as an Indian version of Islamic state, after a SFI student was murdered by Campus Front of India, student wing of SDPI.[8]

Accusation by Sunni outfits[edit]

Sunni outfits of Kerala Samastha Kerala Jamiyyathul Ulama and Sunni Yuvajana Sangham campaigned against SDPI, accused SDPI of being extremist.[9]

Murder of CPIM, Congress, IUML workers[edit]

Nine PFI and SDPI activists were found guilty of killing CPIM worker in 2008.[10] SDPI activists were found guilty of murdering Muslim Youth League worker in Kozhikode.[11] SDPI members were arrested for murder of Congress worker in Chavakkad.[12] Several SDPI offices have been raided by Kerala Police,[13][14] Suspected weapons training camps and arms stockpiling were seized in Narath, Kannur district from the offices and other centers of PFI and SDPI.[15][16] Though the party denied any involvement, the charge-sheet filed by National Investigation Agency (NIA) blamed Popular Front of India (PFI) and their political outfit Social Democratic Party of India (SDPI) in conducting arms training camps across the state under the pretense of health awareness camps and yoga classes.[17][18] According to the FIR, the 24 accused in the case were reportedly the members of the Popular Front of India (PFI) and the Social Democratic Party of India (SDPI).Cases were registered under sections 143, 147, 153(B), R/W 149 of IPC, section 5(1)(a) r/w 25(1)(a) of Arms Act, section 4 of Explosives Act and section 18 of Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act of the Indian Penal Code.[19][20][21]

Four SDPI activists were arrested for attack on two Communist Party of India (Marxist)(CPI-M) members at Mangalam, Tirur, on 29 January 2014.[22][23] SDPI accepted the responsibility after a video of this violent attack was aired by major television channels. However the party justified the attacks reasoning that it needs to safeguard its members. As per the party's District President,the attack was just an emotional reaction from its members to an attack the CPM executed against one of its members on the same morning.[24]


In 2014 a private school in south Kerala removed Vande Mataram from their Independence Day programme after workers of the SDPI threatened to disrupt the programme, saying that some of the words in the song were against the religious beliefs of the Muslim community. The school also dropped the namaste gesture from a dance number performed during Independence Day celebrations, inviting sharp criticism from various quarters. The song was dropped after several rounds of rehearsals. When the issue snowballed into a raging controversy, school management denied any external pressure. SDPI justified the changes in the programme saying that they approached the school management after a number of parents complained that some words in Vande Matraam and the gesture namaste were against their religious beliefs.[25]


Reservation in private school[edit]

In line with the mandate of the Right to Education, the SDPI sought 25% of seats in private schools in the district of Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu for the academic year 2015. The petition to the district collector also asked for transparency in school admissions and fee structure.[26]

Protest against police[edit]

In April 2015, the SDPI protested against the police encounter of the 20 workers from Tamil Nadu working in the state of Andhra Pradesh. The party accused the AP police of staging a fake encounter in the name of self-defence. The party demanded the government to lodge a criminal case against the police personnel responsible for these killings.[27]

Demand for road[edit]

In February 2016, around 30 cadres attempted to stage ‘sleeping protest’ in front of the Divisional Office of Department of Highways, protesting to repair of the Palayamkottai – Papanasam Road (in Tamil Nadu). Other political parties and the public had been repeatedly appealing to the Department of Highways to have this 52-km stretch re-laid. The officials had chosen to ignore the plea and were keen on re-laying only stretches that was used by ministers and other VIPs during the governor's visit to Manonmaniam Sundaranar University.[28]

Women's rights[edit]

The Jisha Murder Case in 2016 created statewide agitation for a speedier justice.

The SDPI had blocked the Kerala CM[clarification needed] Oommen Chandy who had come to Perumbavur to meet the kin of Jisha's. Post-visit, the CM said that the investigations are being carried out with efficiency.[29]

Preservation of religious sentiments[edit]

In March 2016, the Mathrubhumi reproduced an offensive comment about Muhammad that was initially posted on Facebook.

The paper was forced to offer an apology after the party and other organisations outlined how the post had "hurt the sentiments of the community", with strong protest outside the newspaper's office.[30]

On false accusations[edit]

In 2015, the acquitted SDPI candidate, Dr. Anas, accused the NIA and the police of falsely targeting both the SDPI and the Popular Front of India. Anas had won the block panchayat election while in prison for the palm chopping case. The victory "reflected public sentiments against police action".[31]

Regional presence[edit]

SDPI has representations in 16 states of India including Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andrapradesh, Goa, Maharashtra, Puducherry, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Bihar, Delhi, Rajasthan, Haryana and Manipur. It has made state level and district level local committees in most of the states.[32][failed verification] SDPI has shown its presence in recent elections 68 SDPI Candidate Won BBMP election held in Karnataka, Kerala, Rajasthan.[33][34] The party won 14 seats in four municipalities in the 2010 local body election in Kerala.[35][unreliable source?][better source needed] It won 62 seats in the Local body election 2011 in Tamil Nadu.[36][self-published source] Karnataka saw more than one lakh votes polled in favor of the party in the 24 Assembly segment but the party's individual candidates did not win any seat. He pointed out forming local alliance with the Bahujan Samaj Party to underline his party's secular credentials. However, by nominating only two non-Muslim candidates in the 24 constituencies (both in reserved constituencies), the SDPI reaffirmed its image as a party in pursuit of the Muslim vote. The SDPI State president also claimed that as the national level, the party shares a good rapport with the Janata Dal (United) as well as the Ram Vilas Paswan's Lok Janshakti Party.[37]

Presence in Indian general election, 2014[edit]

The SDPI fielded 30 candidates in six states. The party's 2014 Election Manifesto contained several issues concerning domestic and foreign policies. The basic needs of the people, democratic rights, eradication of corruption, SCs/STs, Minorities etc. A new national water policy, implementation of Ranganath Mishra Commission and Sachar Committee reports, 100% literacy by 2020, eradication of corruption. All international treaties related to India is to be ratified by the Parliament & the Nehruvian period status should be reinstated as the leader of the Non-alignment movement. The manifesto also included the need for 10% reservation to Muslims with the inclusion of Muslim and Christian dalits in the SC category with the sub-plan for minorities and reservation for women of SC, ST, OBC and minorities in the Lok Sabha. Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act and AFSPA would be repealed, and the enactment of Communal Violence (Prevention) Bill would be at the top priority of the party.[6] The bill was heavily criticized by human rights groups and lawyers.[38] Despite being a young party, it is poised to influence the Muslim votes for years to come. The criticism and demands raised by the party in the electioneering campaign seem sensible.[39] In the state of Kerala, the party, with the candidates in Ponnani and Malappuram, offered to lead an alternative to Left-Right politics that the state has seen for decades.[39] In the state of Karnataka, the Social Democratic Party of India is being supported by the Janata Dal (Secular) in Dakshin Kannada. The JD-S has extended its support "on the principles and ideologies laid by the party at the time of its (SDPI's) birth".[40][unreliable source?] The party had put a decent show in the Karnataka Local Body elections in 2013 by winning 17 seats.[41][unreliable source?] Among the various parties who contested for the 2014 Indian general election in Kerala, SDPI had the highest number of candidates with criminal charges. Fourteen out of the party's 20 candidates faced criminal charges.7 out of 17 candidates from the BJP, 6 out of 9 from the CPI(M), 6 out of 15 from the Congress, all four candidates of CPI, and 3 out of the 20 candidates from the BSP had criminal cases against them.[42] In the recent election held in Karnataka State for Punchayath, SDPI contested in 375 seats and won 74 seats and secured 2nd position in 97 places. Thus it has gradually strengthening its political base in Karnataka state.

Presence in Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly election, 2016[edit]

Social Democratic Party of India (SDPI) contested 30 seats in the May 16 Assembly polls with the slogan 'driving out selfish politics and protecting public welfare politics' in the 'Gas Cylinder' symbol.[43]

Presence in Karnataka Legislative Assembly election, 2013[edit]

Social Democratic Party of India (SDPI) contested 24 seats in the May 2013 Assembly polls, 7 were contesting from Dakshina Kannada district and it is followed by Bangalore where its 5 candidates were contesting. Its state president Abdul Majeed is fighting the three-time legislator and former minister Tanveer Sait in Narashimaraja assembly segment, a constituency dominated by Muslim minorities.[44]

Presence in Kerala Legislative Assembly election, 2016[edit]

The general election for the fourteenth legislative assembly was held on May 16, 2016, to elect representatives of the 140 constituencies in Kerala. The party fielded candidates in 89 constituencies independently.[45]

Presence in Karnataka Legislative Assembly election, 2018[edit]

Social Democratic Party of India has declared Abdul Majid K H as its candidate from Narasimharaja constituency in 2018 for Karnataka Legislative Assembly.[46] Social Democratic Party of India has decided to concentrate on Gulbarga Uttar, Chickpet in Bengaluru and Narasimharaja in Mysuru, said Mohammed Riyaz alias Riyaz Farangipet, SDPI's State secretary.[47] Social Democratic Party of India 's decision was taken to prevent the division of Muslim votes thereby affecting prospects of secular forces which could aid alleged communal forces, party office-bearers said.


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  2. ^ "Names of National, State, registered-unrecognised parties and the list of free symbols" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 12 March 2014. Retrieved 30 October 2016.
  3. ^ Missing or empty |title= (help)
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