Social Democratic Party of Montenegro

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Social Democratic Party of Montenegro
Socijaldemokratska partija Crne Gore
Социјалдемократска партија Црне Горе
Leader Ranko Krivokapić
Founded 1993
Headquarters Podgorica
Ideology Social democracy
Left-wing nationalism
Political position Centre-left
International affiliation Progressive Alliance
Socialist International
European affiliation Party of European Socialists
Colours Red, Yellow
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Politics of Montenegro
Political parties

The Social Democratic Party of Montenegro (Montenegrin: Социјалдемократска партија Црне Горе, Socijaldemokratska Partija Crne Gore) is a political party in Montenegro.

Although SDP has a support of approximately 12% of Montenegrin electorate,[1] it has nevertheless managed to play a notable part on the republic's political scene during the last decade and a half. The party's prominence stems from its close relations with the most powerful party in Montenegro - DPS and its leader Milo Đukanović. Allying itself with DPS and Đukanović ahead of the 1998 parliamentary elections allowed SDP to get into the parliament for the very first time in its history - something it wasn't able to do by itself in three previous tries. Ever since the 1998 election, SDP continued to be a part of every Đukanović-led pre-election coalition (three more elections since then) and as a result SDP has also been a part of every Montenegrin government.

At the last legislative elections in Montenegro in March 2009, the party was emerged victorious as part of DPS-SDP list that managed to win 48 seats (Montenegrin parliament has a total of 81 seats), and SDP won 9 seats from that.

At the last early parliamentary elections which were held in Montenegro on 14 October 2012, SDP was a part of the Coalition for European Montenegro led by Milo Đukanović, which won 39 of the 81 seats. SDP won 8 seats of those 39.


On 14 July 1991 reformists from four coastal municipalities of SR Montenegro, Herceg-Novi, Kotor, Tivat and Budva, who were subsequently joined by reformists from Cetinje, formed the first regional Montenegrin political party - the Alliance of Reformists of the Montenegrin Coastline with Miodrag Marović as President. On 7 July 1992 the League united with Žarko Rakčević's Party of Socialists desiring to create a major Montenegrin party, forming the Social Democratic Party of Reformists of Montenegro. Finally, on 12 June 1993 the Independent Organization of Communists of Bar, the Alliance of Reform forces of Yugoslavia for Montenegro and the Party of National Tolerance merged into it, forming the Social Democratic Party of Montenegro and uniting the forces that opposed then's reigning policies in the Yugoslav wars. Finally, over the years the Yugoslavian People's Party and the old Yugoslavian People's Party joined into SDP CG.

Notable SDP founders were Žarko Rakčević, Ljubiša Stanković and Dušan Simonović. It is the only party in Montenegro to have full membership of the Socialist International.

When the policies of the Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro turned towards the goal of full independence for Montenegro the DPS and SDP started working closely together to achieve this goal. They eventually succeeded, with independence movement achieving victory on a referendum held on May 21, 2006. Current president of SDP and speaker of Montenegrin Parliament, Ranko Krivokapić, had the honor to officially proclaim independence of Montenegro on June 3, 2006.

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