Social Security Organization

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Social Security Organization
سازمان تامین اجتماعی
Tamin logo.png
Agency overview
Formed1950 [1]
JurisdictionIslamic Republic of Iran
HeadquartersTehran, Iran
Agency executive
Parent agencyMinistry of Welfare and Social Security (Iran)

Social Security Organization (SSO) is a social insurer organization in Iran which provides coverage of wage-earners and salaried workers as well as voluntary coverage of self-employed persons. In 1975, the Social Security Law was approved and the SSO was established.[2]

Iran did not legislate in favor of a universal social protection, but in 1996, the Center of the Statistics of Iran estimated that more than 73% of the Iranian population was covered by social security.[3] Membership in the social security system is compulsory for all employees.[4]

SSO is a non-governmental organization and it is solely financed by contributions (with participation of insured (7%), employer (20–23%) and government (3%)).[2][5][6] Social protection is extended to the self-employed workers, who voluntarily contribute between 12% and 18% of income depending on the protection sought. SSO provides the following services:[7]

  1. Retirement, disability and death;
  2. Unemployment;
  3. Old-age;
  4. Helplessness, loss of caretaker and social vulnerabilities;
  5. Accidents and injuries;
  6. Physical, mental and psychic disability;
  7. Health care and medical insurance;
  8. Protecting mothers especially during the maternity period and child-rearing;
  9. Protecting orphan children and unprotected women;
  10. Planning particular insurance system for widows, old women and self-dependent women;
  11. Poverty and inequity alleviation;
  12. Assistance and rescue.

Civil servants, the regular military, law enforcement agencies, and the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, Iran’s second major military organization, have their own pension systems.


  • Number of insured (18–65 years old): 12 million (2014) [8]
  • Number of whole beneficiaries: 37 million (2014) [8]
  • Retirees and beneficiaries: 2 million (old age, disabilities and survivors) (2013)[8]

Affiliated institutions[edit]

  • The Social Security Investment Company (SSIC aka "SHASTA")[9]
    • Sadere Tamin Company (Tile and Ceramic)
    • Tamin Chemical and Petrochemical Investment Company
    • Tamin Gas and Oil Investment Company
    • Tamin Pharmaceutical Investment Company
    • Tamin Nourishment Investment Company
    • Pars Hotels Investment Company
    • Saba Tamin Company
    • RighTel (Telecom)
  • Iran Khanesazi Investment Company (housing)
  • Refah Bank
  • The Tamin ICT & Management Consultancy Service Company
  • Social Security Auditing Company
  • Social Security Real Estate Agency
  • Kar & Tamin Company
  • Homa Hotel Group
  • The SSO Milad-e-Salamat Health and Medical Institute
  • Hekmat Medical Group Company (ltd.)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Cite error: The named reference was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  2. ^ a b
  3. ^ "Development Progress". World Bank. June 2009. Retrieved 2009-07-12. |contribution= ignored (help)
  4. ^ Rouznameh, Rasmi (November 20, 1990). "Labour Code". International Labour Organization. Retrieved 2009-03-01.
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^ a b c
  9. ^

External links[edit]